Plainfield Garden Club








Member: Budenbach, Mrs. Theodore O. (Mary or "Polly" Hughes) '76

1978 - 1982 Address: 4 Pheasant Lane, Scotch Plains

1990 - 1997 Address: 368 Briarwood Villa, 21 Calibrogue Cay Road, Hilton Head, SC

1984 - 1986: Active
1986 - 1999: Affiliate
1999 - 2000: Resigned

From PGC Member Connie Foster's on-line album

1936 Ted Budenbach, Polly Hughes, Helen Nash, Marge Lawton and ???? Westport Point July 1936

January 1940 New York Times wedding announcement

Polly Budenbach obituary July 2005

POLLY BUDENBACH - Phoenix Society Member Mary "Polly" Budenbach of Sea Pines, NJ, died 23 June after a short illness. She was 91.
She retired from the NSA with 32 years of service and had also served in the U.S. Navy.

Born in 1914, the daughter of Jane Plunket and Harold Hughes of Scotch Pines, she married Theodore Budenbach, who preceded her in death.

After graduating from Smith College, she worked as a civilian analyst in World War II with the U.S. Navy's cryptologic organization on Japanese naval systems. In 1945, she received the Navy's Meritorious Civilian Service Award. She then went to work for the CIA and NSA where she dealt with the Russian problem. She directed a group of experts in a think-tank charged with solving the toughest cryptanalytic problems.

In 1960 she was recognized as the highest technical authority in the U.S. security agencies in several specialized fields and was the first woman to attain an IC supergrade, receiving the Federal Women's Award. She retired in 1975 and was awarded the NSA Meritorious Civilian Service Award.

She moved to Hilton Head in 1984 and was a life member of the American Contract Bridge League.

She is survived by cousin Ann S. Mitchell of Philadelphia.
She was buried in Plainfield, NJ. Memorial contributions may be made to Hilton Head Island Humane Association, P.O. Box 21790, Hilton Head Island, SC 29925.

artilce from www.afio.com Association of Former Intelligence Officers

US Women in WWII

U.S. Women in WWII

The National Security Agency has an area on their website devoted to a number of noteworthy female cryptologists in the U.S. from the War for Independence to the present. Out of a total of 24 women, only four of them are from the time period before World War One, and only Driscoll and Friedman are from World War One. However, from the World War Two era, there are twelve women in the NSA women's hall of fame. (Thirteen, if Agnes Driscoll is included, who served during both world wars)

Dorothy Blum
Barbara Clark
Wilma Davis
Juanita Moody
Katharine Swift
Juliana Mickwitz
Velva Klaessy
Marie Meyer
Agnes Meyer Driscoll
Genevieve Grotjan Feinstein
Mary "Polly" Budenbach
Mary Louise Prather
Ann Caracristi

Another factor contributing to the boom in American female cryptologists during World War Two was President FDR's authorization of women to take noncombatant military roles. Thousands of women volunteered, freeing men for fighting positions.

page 14

National Cryptologic School

Chapter Two
Emergence of a National Cryptologic Authority
The Shift From War to Peace

By the time the representatives of the United States and Japan executed the instruments of surrender on the deck of the battleship Missouri on September 7, 1945, American cryptology was already undergoing a major overhaul.

[skip paragraphs]

Some of the pioneers would stay on, of course. In addition to Rowlett, there was William Friedman, "The Man Who Broke Purple." He would become Director of Communications Research and Cryptologic Consultant for ASA, Research Consultant for the Armed Forces Security Agency, and finaly, Special Assistant to the Director of the National Security Agency. Solomon Kullback, who had controlled SSA's 2500-person cryptanalysis branch would become a division chief in 1946 and later join the Research and Development staff. Colonel Abraham Sinkov, Cyptanayltic Officer, U.S. Army Forces, Far East, returned from Australia in 1945 to take up a division chief post.

But this was a time of transition, a time to release the grip on yesterday and train our sights on tomorrow. A time to bring on the next generation of cryptologists from the cadre assembled during the war.

New people began their march across the American cryptologic stage. Lieutenant Commander Louis W. Tordella, Army Captain Benson K. Buffham and Ann Caracristi would all hold the title of Deputy Director, the top civilian post of the National Security Agency.

Mary Hughes "Polly" Budenbach, Herbert L. Conley, Oliver R. Kirby, Arthur J. Levenson, Mitford M. Mathews Jr., Juanita Morris Moody, Shelby Patterson, Philip J. Patto Jr., Frank Raven and Leo Rosen would all rise to executive positions.

In the sultry Washington summer of 1945 the challenges of the future were already calling.

resource

Deputy chief of G Group during the late 1960s and early to
mid-1970s was Mary (Polly) Budenbach, a graduate of Smith
College who began her career as a novice analyst in World War
II.

March 18, 1981 Meeting Minutes

March 18, 1981 Meeting Minutes

May 17, 1982 First Meeting of Executive Board

May 17, 1982 First Meeting of Executive Board

May 17, 1982 First Meeting of Executive Board

Letter from Polly

October second [1986]

Dear Jane [Craig],

Thanks for the Garden Club Year Book and also for the updated on Virginia Frost's zip. Incidentally, my telephone is (803) 671-7463.

Sorry I didn't see you when I was in Plfld in July but it was a short visit. Wish you would come to Hilton Head some time the welcome mat would be out.

Affectionately, Polly

1988 Archives

Contributions for the Polly Heely Memorial Fund

Mrs. Murray Rushmore
Mrs. E. J. Fitxpatrick
Mrs. F. Gregg Burger
Mrs. Philip Nash
Mrs. Frederic Pomeroy
Mrs. Alexander Kroll
Mrs. C. Northrop Pond
Mrs. Theodore Budenbach
Mrs. Homer Cochran
Mrs. Dabney Moon
Mrs. Webster Sandford
Mrs. Alden Loosli
Mrs. Robert Loughlin
Mrs. Robert de Graff
Horse Shoe Rad, [not legible] NY 11765
Total $430.00

From the Corresponding Secretary File, Jane Craig

1984 Questover Designers Showhouse Program

Questover Program pages 1 through 55

Questover Program pages 56 through 106

Questover Program pages 107 through 131

Dr. Frederic J. Hughes home in Plainfield

Plan #9172: House of Dr. Frederic J. Hughes
Click the "Add to Cart" button to order any plan. All prices in United States Dollars (USD). Email us with any questions.
House of Dr. Frederic J. Hughes (Item #9172)
Location: Plainfield, NJ
Date of Publication: November 24, 1915
Architect: Wilder and White
Condition: VG+ condition with browning around the edges and light crinkling
Price (USD): $29.00
Size (inches): 8.75 by 12 inches
Details: Photogravure. This picture is extremely hard to find. The American Architect had a very small circulation during this time and these original photogravures only appeared in a very limited number of issues that were distributed to a few prominent architects. It measures 8.75 by 12 inches. Has a mat border and foam core backing (not attached to the picture). The whole picture measures approximately 16 by 12 inches (with border). Extraordinary detail in this early photographic print. Shrink wrapped.

Dr. Frederic J. Hughes home in Plainfield

Dr. Frederic J. Hughes home in Plainfield

1909 Plainfield Directory

HUGHES, FREDERIC J, physician, 49 Somerset, h do, N P, Tel 769, office hours 8 to 9 a m 1 to 3 and 6 to 8 p m

Huges, Gertrude Miss, graduate nurse, h. 311 Madison av
Hughes John carpenter, h. 108 Jackson av, NP
Hughes Joseph clerk, h 108 Jackson av, N P
Hughes Josephine Miss, supt. h Muhlenberg Hospital

1985-1986 Year Book of the Plainfield Garden Club

1993-1994 Year Book of the Plainfield Garden Club

On Ebay

House of Dr. Frederic J. Hughes, Plainfield, NJ 1915, Photogravure

Original/Reprint:
Original Print
Photo Type:
Photogravure
Listed By:
Dealer or Reseller
Subject:
Architecture & Cityscape
Signed?:
Unsigned
Color:
Black & White
Date of Creation:
Pre-1950
Size Type/Largest Dimension:
Large (Greater than 10")

Transactions of the Annual Meeting, Volume 11

Dr. Frederick J. Hughes, 49 Somerset Street, Plainfield, NJ

Polly Hughes

Polly Hughes

Polly Hughes

Polly Hughes

Summer 2005 Bulletin of the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation, Inc.

July 2005

Obituaries

POLLY BUDENBACH - Phoenix Society Member Mary "Polly" Budenbach of Sea Pines, NJ, died 23 June after a short illness. She was 91.
She retired from the NSA with 32 years of service and had also served in the U.S. Navy.

Born in 1914, the daughter of Jane Plunket and Harold Hughes of Scotch Pines, she married Theodore Budenbach, who preceded her in death.
After graduating from Smith College, she worked as a civilian analyst in World War II with the U.S. Navy's cryptologic organization on Japanese naval systems. In 1945, she received the Navy's Meritorious Civilian Service Award. She then went to work for the CIA and NSA where she dealt with the Russian problem. She directed a group of experts in a think-tank charged with solving the toughest cryptanalytic problems.
In 1960 she was recognized as the highest technical authority in the U.S. security agencies in several specialized fields and was the first woman to attain an IC supergrade, receiving the Federal Women's Award. She retired in 1975 and was awarded the NSA Meritorious Civilian Service Award.

She moved to Hilton Head in 1984 and was a life member of the American Contract Bridge League.

She is survived by cousin Ann S. Mitchell of Philadelphia.
She was buried in Plainfield, NJ. Memorial contributions may be made to Hilton Head Island Humane Association, P.O. Box 21790, Hilton Head Island, SC 29925.

Monday Afternoon Club Membership

Monday Afternoon Club Membership