Plainfield Garden Club

Member: Munger, Miss Jessie D. '28

1928 Treasurer Book April 15th $5.00 Listed as Miss Jessie Munger.
1929 Treasurer Book Associate April $10.00
1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936 Treasurer Book Associate

1932 Directory* Address: 1441 Prospect Avenue
* = This directory is not dated but presumed to be from the year 1932.
NOTE: Miss Jessie Munger, 1441 Prospect Avenue is listed as an "Associate Member"

1937 Treasurer Book, under Associate: Miss Jessie D. Munger 1/5/37 Pd.

1938 Treasurer Book, Associate: Miss Jessie D. Munger 1/7/38 Pd 1/9/39 Pd. 1/5/40 Pd. 1/6/41 Pd. 12/1/41 Pd. 11/24/42 Pd. 12/14/43 Pd. 12/1/44 Pd. 12/6/45 May 16, 1946 May 19, 1947 Oct. 15, 1948

1949 - 1950 Treasurer Book, Associate: Munger, Miss Jessie June 8 1949 Her name is then crossed off.

1942 Address: 350 Stelle Avenue
NOTE: Associate Member

Possibly related to PGC Member Mrs. Benjamin Van Doren Hedges

University of the Ozarks

The dedication service of this chapel was held at 10:30 Wednesday morning, February 8, 1933. The Reverend John J. Moment, pastor of the Crescent Avenue Presbyterian Church of Plainfield, New Jersey, preached the dedicatory sermon. Dr. Wiley Lin Hurie was president of the then College of the Ozarks and performed the Act of Dedication.

The chapel is a gift of Miss Jessie Munger of Plainfield, New Jersey, as a memorial to her father, the late Raymond Munger, who was known as a man of high ideals and who was interested in educational projects. Albert O. Clark of Rogers, Arkansas, was the architect and Gomer Kraus of Clarksville was the contractor. Student labor was employed in many phases of the construction.

This beautiful chapel, which is of Gothic design, built of limestone and trimmed with Nucarth stone, was constructed at a cost of $75,000.00. The interior is finished in oak, beautifully carved. A three manual Reuter organ has been installed. It was dedicated with a recital by an internationally-known organist, Edward Eigenschenk.

One of the most attractive features of the chapel are the windows, all of which are of antique cathedral glass, the three windows over the chancel being exceptionally beautiful. The central panel of the trinity shows Christ, the Light of the World. The left-hand panel shows Peter making his great confession, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the Living God.' The right-hand panel shows James the Just, ‘Faith without works is dead.'

Through the years many people have passed through the doors of this beautiful chapel. Few could say it left no mark on their lives. There have been many outstanding speakers, uplifting music–both vocal and instrumental and there has been an intangible–the aura of the chapel itself.

Funds were donated in 1984 by the J.E. and L.E. Mabee Foundation for an extensive remodeling of the basement. In 1989 Dr. Jerry L. Rice became the first Dean of the Chapel. Through the effort and generosity of Dr. Rice, Dr. Alvin C. Broyles and numerous friends of the University, the chapel organ was rebuilt in 1991 and named "The Great Hosanna." Diane Meredith Belcher presented an outstanding recital on the organ at the dedication on October 11, 1991.

In the fall of 1991 a carillon was installed in the chapel. This was a gift of the Class of 1941, on the occasion of their 50th graduation anniversary. It is their hope the voice of the ‘Spirit of'4l' will ring out for years to come.

Many marriages have been performed in this chapel since its dedication. The ministers who officiated at the ceremonies maintained their personal records, but left no permanent record for the chapel itself.

Data acquired from various University of the Ozarks publications. Mane Baskin Lewis, Class of 1941


Raymond Munger Memorial Chapel


June 11, 1909 New York Times article

Miss Jessie Munger and many other Plainfield Garden Club ladies attend the horse show

Old Stone Cottage


In the early 20th century, the cottage served as a 'fishing camp' for doctors from Plainfield, NJ. Apparently Dr. Raymond T. Munger, chief surgeon at Muhlenberg Hospital (Plainfield) lived here until the roof burned. (Per the late Jean Douglass, formerly of Philhower Road.)

Munger then moved to the second farm up Still Hollow Road (off Rockaway Road). There is a photograph of him with former New York governor Al Smith and several other guests while here trout fishing. (Per 'Old-time Mountainville Days.') The living room was originally two rooms, which explains the presence of two fireplaces, the larger of which was used for cooking. What is now a media cabinet was a bread-baking oven.

Winthrop and Libby Jones bought the cottage with its existing lean-to kitchen in 1952 from Gerard Meynell. Jones, a prominent architect, designed and built two wings to the east of the main house. The second floor of the main house was one big sleeping loft reached by a ladder through a hole in the living room ceiling. Jones replaced that access with a stairway to the second floor, separated the upstairs into three rooms and a bathroom. As well he added a pool. Six years later, the Joneses moved to 'Applewood Farm' on the west side of Mountainville on Water Street. (Per Alison M. Jones)

In 1961, Doris and Lee Shaw from NYC bought the house and commuted out from NYC on weekends becoming an integral part of the community, opening Kitchen Caboodle, a cooking school/ boutique in the old service station in the middle of Mountainville. They added the garage and the dining room wing. As well, they redesigned the kitchen, sinking the refrigerator into the 18in thick stone wall that was the original cottage exterior. (Per Alison M. Jones)

After about twenty years, the house was sold to the Greens from Texas and then Stephanie Wrightsman Washburn from NYC. Air-conditioning was added and the pool resurfaced. The pond was created in the size and shape it is in now, and became a home to herons, fish and frogs. Formerly there had been a field and a tennis court. (Per Alison M. Jones)

In 1995, Alison M. Jones bought back the cottage where she had lived with her parents from ages 3 to 9. She writes:

'My Mountainville childhood stayed in my memory as I raised my daughters in Connecticut and traveled the world as a nature and conservation photographer. At age 8, I had pulled my red wagon down Main Street distributing a handwritten newspaper that welcomed new neighbors and identified local trees. Several decades later, while photographing the general store in Michigan where Ernest and Hadley Hemingway were married, I was reminded of the General Store in Mountainville, which had a pickle barrel and penny candy for sale when I was young. Then at age 48, I bought back The Old Stone Cottage. My history and history of Mountainville became intertwined.

'My goal was to restore the cottage to its bare bones as much as possible, while bowing to the necessity of hi-def cable TV and a wireless Internet hub (tucked under the window seat). Mullioned antique transom and casement windows, held open with wooden pegs, now replace floor-to-ceiling single panes of glass. Wide pumpkin pine boards now replace the modern slate floor. The oil tank and air-conditioner unit attached to the house have been moved out of sight into the garage and the driveway has been moved from next to the house to the far side of the garage.

'The glass block 1950s bathroom window was replaced with an 18th-century transom window. Black varnish and white paint was stripped from old beams throughout the cottage. The quince bush I remember from my childhood still blooms into a glorious peachy-rose bouquet every May, and that riot of color is followed in June by masses of light pink roses now climbing up the front of the house. The pool has been rebuilt with field stone edging and a grape arbor has been added as a 'roof' to a newly terraced 'outside room' on the back of the cottage. To facilitate warm fires during cold winters, I attached a covered woodbin by the back door.'



The Old Stone Cottage, cited as 250 years old, is the oldest home in the local area and one of the oldest in Hunterdon County. It is said that this landmark was built before George Washington came through Tewksbury Township and that its doors and windows had heavily-boarded shutters to protect its residents from the Lenape Indians. This property is on the New Jersey Register of Historic Places, per the Office of New Jersey Heritage Division of Parks and Forestry Department of Environmental Protection.


The lot description has been the same since 1877. In 1874 the lot came out of a 179.87 acre piece of property conveyed to David T. Tiger and Fanny M. Tiger, heirs of Andrew Schuyler. (Per research in Flemingtons Hall of Records by an associate of Walter Carrell.)

Henry David Roberts, a tanner, lived here with his wife Catherine Apgar in the late 1800s. According to the 1870 US Census, they had a two-year old son William P. Roberts. John Roberts, probably the father of Henry and a retired 90-year-old shoemaker, also lived here. At that time there was also a carriage factory, a general store and post office, a small hotel, a doctor, a parsonage for the Methodist-Episcopal church in Cokesbury, two grain mills, a schoolhouse and about 10-15 homes.

There was a tannery and sawmill on Saw Mill Road about a quarter of a mile from Old Turnpike Road (now Rte 517), which was then known as Vescelius Corner. The ruins of the tannery are still visible, as well as a dam and raceway. This tannery is most likely where Henry worked. (Per W.W. (Bill) Roberts in 1998, his great great grandson who stopped by the cottage on a road trip from 1016 St. Clair Rd, Moody AL 205 640 6956.)

In 1895 an early photo taken from atop Hell Mountain by an Allentown photographer shows the cottage had a barn west of the house where the deep well is now and a duck pond at the north end of the larger pond that is there today. (Per 'Old-time Mountainville Days.')

'It has been a gift to return to this cottage for 15 adult years and share it with my adult daughters. We invested time, creativity and money into this cottage to leave it in better shape and ready for the enjoyment future owners.

'My Mountainville days inspired me to use my photographic career to document watersheds, including the Raritan River Basin in Mountainville, for a project called No Water No Life ¨. The hours spent sitting by the pond and listening to the Guinea Hollow stream from my bedroom have instilled in me the spiritual values of our rivers and inspired me to document the quality, availability and usage of fresh water supplies in North America and Africa. Since I now spend much of my time traveling to other watersheds and promoting the message of No Water No Life, I am ready to pass on the enjoyment of this cottage to others, with immense gratitude to these stone walls that have nourished me.' (Per Alison M. Jones, 2008.)

Old Stone Cottage

The Munger Bicycle

Moore & Munger is one of a handful of pre-classic era Manhattan body builders that were organized to supply coachwork to New York's high-class imported and domestic early automobile dealers.
One of the firm's founders an ex-champion bicycle racer named Louis de Franklin Munger (aka Birdie Munger) (b.1863-d.1929), who remains famous today due to his close association with Marshall W. "Major" Taylor, America's first African-American bicycle racing champion.

Louis (Birdie) de Franklin Munger (b.1863 – d. 1929) was born in Detroit, Michigan sometime during 1863 to Theodore and Mary Jane Pattee Munger, two native Canadians who had emigrated to the United States in 1859. The Mungers established a small farm in Black Hawk County, Iowa, but relocated to Windsor, Ontario, Canada shortly after Louis's birth.

The elder Munger eventually found work in the Detroit, Michigan patent office and in that capacity exposed young Louis to the world of invention. The 1880 US Census reveals that 16-year-old Munger was "working in a blind factory" but within two years his name began to appear as a contestant in regional high-wheel bicycle races.

He soon relocated to Chicago, where he successfully competed against the top competitors in the Chicago-Peoria-Springfield racing circuit after which he became a full time racer, traveling the board tracks and velodromes of the Northeast and Central United States. He was able to earn a living at racing and at one time held the National record for the fastest mile.

Although most of his career was spent racing high-wheelers he was an early adopter of John Kemp Starley's Rover-type safety cycle and by 1892 had moved to Indianapolis in the hopes of manufacturing his own safety cycle.

It was in Indianapolis that he became acquainted with a gifted young cyclist named Marshall W. Taylor.

Marshall W. Taylor was born in Indianapolis, Indiana on Nov. 26, 1878. During the Civil War his father fought in an all-black Union regiment after which he purchased a small homestead on the outskirts of Indianapolis. Young Marshall was given a bicycle at an early age and his unusual riding ability caught the eye of Thomas Hay a proprietor of the Hay and Willits' Bicycle Shop. In 1892 Hay gave him a job performing cycle stunts in a civil war uniform, after which he became known as ‘Major'.

In 1893 he was hired by Indianapolis' premier bicycle retailer, Harry Hearsey, as a riding instructor. The youngster started to enter local races and later that year set a one-mile record of 2:11 at Indianapolis' Capitol City race track after which he won a 75-mile long cross-country race between Indianapolis and Matthews, Indiana.

During that period Munger met Taylor and took an immediate liking to him. Munger soon became Taylor's coach and eventually offered him a job at his small bicycle factory. Munger's racing bikes attracted the attention of some Indianapolis businessmen who helped organize the Munger Cycle Manufacturing Company in early 1894.

A 75ft x150 ft.3-story brick factory was established at 932 Fort Wayne Ave., Indianapolis, and manufacture of the Munger Safety Bicycle commenced soon afterwards.

A short biography of the firm appeared in an 1896 publication, ‘From Indianapolis of Today':

"MUNGER CYCLE COMPANY; No. 150 Fort Wayne Avenue.

"It was in 1894 that the ‘Munger' the champion light weight high grade wheel was first introduced to the public, yet its name is now almost as familiar as Shakespeare or Robinson Crusoe. In the face of the keenest competition the Munger Cycle Company, have placed this new industry on a basis firm and permanent and given to Indianapolis one of the largest and finest cycle factories in the world. This factory is a three-story brick building 150x75 feet in size, equipped with new machinery operated by a steam engine of sixty horse power, some ninety expert workmen being employed, and from three to four thousand wheels are turned out annually. The ‘Munger' is emphatically the lightest and easiest running wheel made The frame is made from best quality steel tubing and forgings, reinforced at all points ; the hubs are turned from solid bar tool steel, the handle bars are reversible, the wood rims are fabric covered and weather proof, the cranks are made with patent fastenings and there is a new patent pedal with the best fastening made. In a word, the finest workmanship and material have combined to make the "Munger" the finest wheel in the world.

"The Munger Cycle Company was incorporated in 1894, under the laws of Indiana, and is officered as follows: Augustus Bruner, president and manager; S.L. Pattison, vice president; Orlando Bruner, treasurer ; Anderson Bruner, secretary. The Messrs. Bruner are also the head of Diamond Laundry in this city, and Messrs. Augustus and Anderson Bruner are engaged in business as sewer contractors, and are well known members of the Builders' Exchange. Mr. Pattison is secretary of the Indiana Chain Works, and all these gentlemen are members of the Board of Trade."

Munger's exact financial relationship with the Bruners is unknown, but within the year he had moved to Worcester, Massachusetts with his protégé in the hopes of organizing another bicycle company.

The July 4, 1896 issue of Sporting Life announced Munger Cycle Co.'s bankruptcy:

"The Munger Cycle Company has made an assignment on Wednesday of last week. The company has been in business since 1892 and was originally started by L.D. Munger. No statement of assets or liabilities has been issued."

Orlando Bruner was appointed trustee and in 1897 the firm was reorganized as the Bruner Manufacturing Company, and continued manufacturing the Munger Bicycle into 1899. In 1903 the facility became the home of the Premier Motor Mfg. Co., who manufactured the Premier automobile between 1903 and 1926.

By November of 1895 Munger had become associated with the recently organized Worcester Cycle Manufacturing Company, the manufacturer of Middletown and Royal Worcester bicycles.

The $600,000 firm had two plants, one in Worcester, Massachusetts the other in Middletown, Connecticut. A November 1895 issue of Outdoor Life stated that the demand for bicycles was so great that the Worcester plant was running into overtime.

When they weren't competing in bicycle races Taylor and Munger worked for the company; Taylor as a machinist's apprentice and Louis as a salesman in the firm's Manhattan office and warerooms which were located at 17 Murray Street and 461-463 Broadway respectively. Soon after his arrival in New York, Worcester introduced a new racing model which was marketed as the ‘Birdie Special'.

During the same period Munger develop a special bicycle sprocket which was described in great detail by James Lewis Lucas in his 1897 book, ‘Dies and Die Making':

"Fig. 64 illustrates a method of making bicycle sprockets that is both better and cheaper than that usually followed, and one that is not in general use. It is the invention of Mr. L. B. Munger,–who is well known for his improved methods of manufacturing bicycle parts,–and has been copied to some extent by his competitors.

"The sprocket is blanked out in the usual manner, and the cross area of the stock that is left to form the spoke is carefully calculated, so that after the sprocket has been through the forging die, no fin is left around the edges of either spoke or hub. This calls for good judgment as well as accurate measurement on the part of the die-maker, as it has proved a failure in several cases where an attempt has been made to adopt Mr. Munger's method.

"The tail shown on the blank is intended to be grasped in the tongs while heating, and in placing the blank upon the forging dies, and cut off after that operation.

"This same method is followed by Mr. Munger in all kinds of forgings the work being first punched out to the proper size, leaving the required amount of stock necessary to fill the die, and is then forged, leaving little or no fin, and avoiding the trimming process after the work has been forged.

"This method has been jealously guarded by Mr. Munger, and is here published for the first time with his full permission."

During 1896 and 1897 Worcester advertised in many magazines such as Rutgers College Scarlet Letter, American Hebrew, Parisian Illustrated, Good Roads, and Elbert Hubbard's Philistine. The following copy is transcribed from an article/advertisement in the October 10, 1896 New York Times:

"Most persons are astonished at the prices that are asked for high grade bicycles. They cannot understand why a wheel weighing in the neighborhood of twenty pounds should cost $100 or $125 without any fancy fixings. The fact is that a high grade wheel is better worth $125 than ordinary ones are worth half that price. The very best material and workmanship enter into its construction, every part is submitted to a severe test before shipment, and one feels the most absolute confidence while riding.

"The Boyd and the Birdie, specially manufactured by the Worcester Cycle Mfg. Co., are examples of such high grade wheels. They are light but very strong, and ride smoothly. A couple of recent incidents have brought their special merits into notice. At Deming, New Mexico, A.B. Simons, riding a Birdie special broke the record, covering one third of a mile in 33½ seconds, while at the great road race in Omaha on Decoration Day all the honors were carried off by Mr. Fred Barnum on a Birdie Special. Surely these things prove that a Worcester Cycle is worth the $125 asked for it. These wheels can be seen at 19 West 42d Street.

"For Men and Women. Tandems, too. Also Bicycles for Youths and Misses, Boys and Girls. The Worcester Catalogues tell of all. Free. WORCESTER CYCLE MFG. CO."

The February 20, 1897 issue of Outdoor Life reported on the firm's display at the recent New York National Cycle Show which was held from February 7th - 13th 1897:

"Worcester Cycle Mfg. Co.

"This was one of the most imposing stands at the show. The rich decorations lost none of their effect by their simplicity. A royal purple velvet sign, in a gold frame and lettered in gold, extended across the top of two sides of the stand, and set forth the company's name and ‘Royal Worcesters' there shown; while a royal purple railing encircled the space and soft carpets cushioned it. Light came from two large and very handsome electric lighted hanging lamps. In a word, the decorations well carried out the ‘royal' idea. The general offices, now at no.17 Murray Street, New York, and the factories at Middletown, Conn., and Worcester, Mass., were all represented among those in attendance. James Josephi was in charge, assisted by J.B. Warner, C.J. Ellison, J.F. Lyon, John Chambers and J. Adkins Jones. George S McDonald, general manager, and Leon Johnson, superintendent of sales, were also often on hand. Seventy wheels were shown, including the entire Royal Worcester and Middletown lines, and proved equally handsome as the decorations."

The firm's success was short-lived. In June 1897 employees at the Worcester plant struck due to a reduction in wages and on July 13, 1897 the New York Times reported that a receiver had been appointed:

"BICYCLE FIRM'S BIG DEBTS.; Liabilities of the Worcester Cycle Manufacturing Company Foot Up $699,000 - F.S. Smith, Receiver.

"Judge Russell of the Supreme Court yesterday appointed Frank Sullivan Smith of 54 Wall Street receiver of the property in this State of the Worcester Cycle Manufacturing Company, whose salesrooms are at 17 Murray Street and 461 and 463 Boulevard, and factories at Middletown, Conn., and Worcester, Mass., on the application of John Byrne, who is a creditor for $5,481, and owns two shares of stock in the company. Mr. Smith's bond was fixed at $10,000. He has already been appointed receiver in New Jersey and Connecticut.

"The Sheriff has been in possession of the asset in this city for the past six weeks on numerous attachments. The company is a New Jersey Corporation, incorporated in July, 1895, with a capital stock of $500,000. On Sept. 1, 1896 it made a mortgage to the Central Trust Company as trustee for $500,000 to secure an issue of bonds, of which $320,000 have been issued and are outstanding. Default has been made on the interest, and foreclosure proceedings were recently commenced.

"The total liabilities of the company are $699,000, as follows: Outstanding bonds, $320,000; due for materials, $93,000; notes for materials, $44,000; notes for advances $77,000; mortgages on plant at Worcester, $80,000; at Middletown, $85,000. The nominal assets are $505,000, consisting of real estate at Middletown, $105,000; tools and materials there $125,000; real estate at Worcester $200,000; tools and materials there, $25,000; outstanding accounts, $50,000."

Coincidently, Carl Oscar Hedström, a former bicycle racer and co-founder of the Indian Motorcycle Co. built some early prototype motorcycles in the former Worcester Cycle Manufacturing Company plant in Middletown, Connecticut in early 1901. However, the manufacture of the first production Indians took place in Springfield, Massachusetts in the plant of the Hendee Manufacturing Company.

As they were not directly involved in the firm's finances or operations, its financial troubles had little effect on Munger and Taylor, and in 1898 Taylor set a number of world records and became the nation's leading racer. Between 1898 and 1905 Taylor won 3 bicycle track championships and engaged in a number of European tours.

In between races, Munger founded the Munger Vehicle Tire Co. in order to manufacture a patented demountable pneumatic tire and rim of his own design.

The December 6, 1899 New York Times reported:

"Trenton, N.J. Dec. 5 – The following companies were incorporated here today:

"The Munger Vehicle Tire Company to manufacture tires of all kinds; capital $600,000. Incorporators- L.B. Munger, H.C. Quinby, U.D. Eddy, Benjamin J. Downer, and W.A. Downer, all of Jersey City."

The December 19, 1899 issue of the New York Times gave further details:

"‘Birdie' Munger, prominent in days of cycle racing with Zimmerman, Windle, Tyler, and others, is the inventor of a new automobile tire on which he has been working for three years. During the last two years Munger has looked after the Interests of ‘Major' Taylor, the colored rider."

Munger's three patents; Pat # 638588 for a combined elastic and pneumatic tire, filed April 25, 1899; Pat #638589 for a combined pneumatic and cushioned tire, filed May 11, 1899 and Pat # 638590 for a combined pneumatic and cushion tire and rim, filed July 21, 1899 were all assigned to the National Wheel and Traction Company, a New Jersey-based holding company.

Although he would later become wealthy from US patent # 638590 (combined pneumatic and cushion tire and rim), the rewards would come years later, and his tire company became dormant soon after its formation. For the next couple of years Munger toured Europe with his protégé, Marshall W. ‘Major' Taylor, and let his partners manage his tire business.

On July 8, 1901, the New York Times reported:

"Mrs. L.D.F. Munger Seriously Hurt

"PLAINFIELD, N.J. July 7. – Mrs. Munger, wife of L.D.F. Munger, a wealthy rubber-tire manufacturer of New Brunswick, fell down the stairs leading from the dining hall of the Hotel Imperial this evening as she was about to return home. She and her husband had come to Plainfield from New Brunswick in an automobile. The stairs were unlighted. Mrs. Munger weighs over 200 pounds and she fell all the way down. Dr. J. Hervey Buchanan was called. He said that besides a broken collarbone she has sustained serious internal injuries."

On July 9 Mrs. Munger sued the hotel for $10,000.

When he wasn't busy touring, Munger competed in various celebrity cycling events in an around Manhattan where he met another cycling enthusiast named Clifford Colby Moore (b. Feb 20, 1875 – d. April 16, 1931). Moore was a Columbia-educated physician who had recently had the good fortune to marry Mabel Jay Nathans, the daughter of millionaire circus man John Jay Nathans, a former partner of P.T. Barnum.

Moore and Munger proposed the establishment of an auto-related partnership and in 1903 organized Moore & Munger in order to furnish coachwork for imported high-class chassis.

The firm was incorporated in early 1904 with $5,000 (the NY Times states $10,000) in capital with the following officers/directors; George W. Moore, Pres.; C. Colgate Moore. Sec.; L. De F. Munger, superintendent.

George W. Moore (b. July 4, 1846 - d. May 24, 1912) was Clifford's father, and was a direct descendent of Jacob Mohr, who with his brother, Christian, came from Holland and settled in Dutchess County, New York in 1687.

At that time most high-grade chassis were shipped from Europe without coachwork, and the first thing the partners needed to establish was a body-building and finishing operation. A four-story factory was leased across the street from De Witt Clinton Park one block away from the Twelfth Ave docks of the Hudson River at 602-604 W. 52nd St. and Munger set about staffing it with experienced carriage builders, who were in abundant supply at the time.

At that time New York City was considered to be the automobile center of the country and most of the city's automobile retailers were located along Broadway north of 45th St., which became popularly known as Automobile Row. Consequently, Manhattan's auto-related suppliers were located nearby in the neighborhood running west of Broadway to the Hudson River, primarily between Tenth and Eleventh Avenues.

Moore & Munger is known to have bodied Knight-Davidson, Lozier, Marmon, Peerless, Thomas, American FIAT, Benz, FIAT, Panhard, and Renault chassis.

An early 1904 issue of the Automobile included the following item:

"Moore & Munger, of New York, NY; to deal in automobiles; capital, $5000. Incorporators; C. Colgate Moore and L. de F. Munger

"A New York City factory for the manufacture of aluminum automobile bodies, automobile tops, fenders, hoods, steps and similar parts has been opened by the Moore-Munger Co., at 602 West 52nd Street. The plant has been equipped in a complete and modern way with all the necessary equipment..."

From Racing with Lozier: a Memoir by Ralph Mulford, Automobile Quarterly Vol 7 no 4:

"Along the end of 1904 the first Lozier cars had been assembled at the Ball Manufacturing Co. up in Stamford, Connecticut. Five chassis were eventually built there, and for the next few months we gave them a thorough testing, making whatever changes were necessary. We finally handed them over to the coachbuilding firm of Moore & Munger in New York, and they were soon on display in the new Lozier showroom opposite Grand Central Station in 42nd Street."

J.M. Quinby also supplied production bodies to Lozier, who at the time were located in Plattsburg, New York, and along with Moore & Munger were one of the first firms to utilize aluminum for their bodies.

The firm's listing in the 1908 Motor Encyclopedia follows:

"Moore & Munger Co.–602 W. 52d St., New York City. Mfrs. wood and metallic bodies, dashes and fenders, hoods."

In 1908 the Moores were listed as directors of the recently organized Walter Christie Automobile Company of New York City. Formed to manufacture motors, engines, automobiles, carriages and trucks of Christie's design it was capitalized at $400,000. The incorporators were Van S. Howard, 308 West Fifty-eighth Street; C. Colgate Moore and F.W. Moore, 602 West Fifty-second Street; Morris Gest, 207 West Forty-second Street; Lewis P. Strang, 1942 Broadway; Samuel Bogart, 44 Barclay St; and J.B. Lozier, all of New York.

Christie proposed to make a front-wheel-drive taxicab, but after four prototypes were produced, production was shifted to the manufacture of heavy-duty two-wheel tractors that were used to convert horse-drawn fire equipment into front-wheel drive fire apparatus. In 1911 Christie established the Front Drive Motor Co. in Hoboken, New Jersey to concentrate on the manufacture of his popular two-wheel power plants.

Period New York State registration records reveal that Munger lived at 225 W. 80th St. and drove a Stearns automobile, NY Plate #59746.

The January 1, 1911 New York Times gave a preview of the upcoming Importers' Auto Salon:

"The Importers' Automobile Salon, at the Hotel Astor, Jan. 2 to 7.

"The Renault exhibit will include a polished chassis of the 25-35 horsepower American Special, a polished chassis of the new 35-45 horse power type and a stock chassis of the 10-12 horse power Monobloc casting town car type. The 35-45 horse power has a new shaped bonnet, a new one-piece rear axle, the valves are enclosed and the bore and stroke are 130 by 160 – 20 more than engines of the former 35-45 horse power type. All three are four-cylinder engines.

"The complete Renault cars to be show included a two-cylinder 8-10 horse power voiturette runabout; a six-cylinder 50 horse power car, with a cabriolet body; and a four-cylinder 35-45 horse power fore-door limousine, the latter two with bodies by Moore & Munger; a four-cylinder 12-16 horse power fore-door limousine, with body made by the Bridgeport Vehicle Company, and 25-35 horse power American Special, with a limousine body by Demarest & Co."

The January 19, 1911 New York Times included the following preview of the New York Auto Show:

"The Cole-Stratton Company is showing at the Palace Show, among other 1911 Cole 30 models, a very racy speed roadster, body work for which was done by Moore & Munger. The snap and style shown in this roadster make this car a very attractive featured of the Cole 30 exhibit. The name ‘Special Speedster', is rather pat, in view of the many racing victories of the Cole 30 in the past year."

The May 26, 1912 New York Times included the following obituary:

"George Washington Moore, beloved father of Clifford Colgate Moore on May 24, 1912 after a brief illness of pneumonia.

"George Washington Moore, 74 years old, who a generation ago was known in New York City as "The Ice King," died yesterday at his residence, 263 West Eighth St. He was in his younger days known as one of the horsemen who trotted their animals on the Vanderbilt Mile on Jerome St. He was one of the pioneers in the automobile business."

When Maurice J. Rothschild withdrew from business in 1912, Moore & Munger took over the bodying of Benz automobiles for the Manhattan Benz distributor and were best known for their work on French chassis, Renault in particular.

Production bodies were also built for Palmer-Singer and Lozier, and Moore & Munger are thought to have provided coachwork to A.S. Flandrau and other high-end Manhattan retailers who re-badged the work as their own.

In the early 1900s prolific inventor Margaret E. Knight (1838-1914) established a workshop in Brookline, Massachusetts in hopes of developing a sleeve-valve engine. Between 1902 and 1904 she patented a number of improvements to sleeve valve engines and in 1903 was issued a patent for an automatic boring tool for boring or planing concave or cylindrical surfaces.

The New Incorporations column of the June 27, 1912 issue of the Automobile included a notice of the formation of the K-D Motor Co.:

"New York City - K-D Motor Co., (Knight-Davidson Motor Co.); Capital $100,000; to manufacture motors; Incorporators: Margaret E. Knight, Anne F. Davidson, Beatrice M. Davidson."

In 1913 Moore & Munger manufactured the rakish touring body for the Charles R. Greuter-designed Knight-Davidson prototype. Margaret E. Knight displayed the finished vehicle at that fall's Boston Automobile Show hoping to license her sleeve-valve engine to an established automobile manufacturer.

Knight held a number of automobile related patents, many of which were assigned to the Knight-Davidson Motor Co. of Saratoga, New York (Anne F. Davidson, Beatrice M. Davidson, two wealthy relatives from Saratoga Springs financed the enterprise).

Unfortunately Knight passed away before any licensing agreements could be established and no further vehicles are known to have been constructed with her engine. Margaret E. was unrelated to Charles Knight, the inventor of a sleeve-valve engine that did go on to series production.

Robert V. Olson was Moore & Munger's chief designer and also served as superintendent of its body shop. At that time Olson taught a night course in carriage drafting and construction at New York's Cooper Union that was similar to that offered by Andrew F. Johnson at the NCBA-affiliated New York Technical School of Carriage Drafting.

Olson's most famous graduate was Rudy Creteur (1904-1978), who later worked for Locke and Rollson/Rollston. Olson also served as vice-president of the Architectural Alumni Association of the Cooper Union.

At the January 1915 New York Automobile Show which was held at Grand Central Palace, Moore & Munger exhibited a limousine body on a Marmon chassis.

The front page of the January 25, 1914 New York Times included the following:


$100,000 Destroyed and Two Firemen Hurt.

"Nearly one hundred automobile enthusiasts will have to postpone putting their 1914 motor cars into commission as a result of a fire which started in the Moore Munger automobile factory and garage at 602 West Fifty-second Street last night.

"Deputy Chief ‘Smokey Joe' Martin ... found that the four-story automobile factory extending from Fifty-second Street half-way back toward Fifty-first Street was ablaze above the first floor and that a two-story automobile garage facing Fifty-first Street was ablaze on the second story.

"‘And there goes a hundred thousand dollars in high-grade French cars,' said L.D.F. Munger, one of the factory owners, who had come down from his home at Seventy-ninth Street and Broadway, after receiving word that the factory was afire. Mr. Munger explained that the fresh start of the fire was due to the fact that the flames had penetrated to the paint shop on the fourth floor.

"‘And up there' he said, ‘we were finishing up imported cars brought here in the rough. The practice of late has been for American buyers to buy the chassis of each car abroad and have the body built in this country.'

"‘We built no cars in our factory. We merely built bodies to be fitted on the chasses as they came to us from the Custom House. We have insurance, I don't know just how much. The cars destroyed belonged to customers almost entirely, while the bodies we were building for them belonged, of course, to us. Nearly every car of the hundred-odd cars in the place was of a high-grade imported type.'

"A.W. Snyder, a watchman, who discovered the fire at 8 o'clock, saved six automobiles before the flames drove him away."

The April 11, 1915 Indianapolis Star contained the following item:

"E. Moskovics, Commercial - Manager of Nordyke & Marmon Company, Finds Business Conditions Good Everywhere

"We sold four cars at retail at the Boston show, among them a ‘41' limousine with a special Moore & Munger body, the price being $5,600. There was an unusual agents' interest and we signed many dealers' contracts and arranged for their supply of cars."

Two months later the June 1915 issue of Automobile Topics reported:

"Moore & Munger Plant is Sold.

"The automobile body-building plant of Moore & Munger at 602 West Fifty- Second Street, New York City, has been purchased by the Universal Auto Painting Company. The latter will continue the body-building work of Moore & Munger and will also do general repairing and painting work. The firm of Moore & Munger went into bankruptcy several months ago, due, it was said, to the losses sustained in the failure of the Palmer Singer and Benz Companies in New York."

As it turned out the plant had been sold to Universal Auto Painting, however, Moore & Munger had not declared bankruptcy and they successfully sued Automobile Topics' parent company, Motor Trades Publishing for libel and were awarded an undisclosed amount. The decision was reaffirmed that November on appeal.

Universal Auto Painting predates Moore & Munger's 1915 dissolution as it was active sometime before 1913. Following the sale, Louis de Franklin Munger became associated with Universal Auto Painting as vice-president and plant superintendent.

On June 20, 1917 the New York Times reported:

"Louis de F. Munger of 140 West Sixty-ninth street, New York City, vice-president of the Universal Automobile Painting Company, scored a victory, June 19, over the Perlman Rim Corporation for an alleged infringement of a patent filed by him in 1899.

"United States Judge Manton upheld Munger's contention and ordered the $8,000,000 concern to account for all its sales of the infringed article before a special master, who would fix the amount of royalties to which the inventor might be entitled.

"The patent involved covered two distinct inventions, according to the court's opinion. One related to the manner of securing rubber tires to metallic leases or bands, and the other to securing these bases to the wheels of cars."

On June 24, 1917 the New York Times reported on a further development in the case:

"Rim Suits Against Twenty; Munger's Attorney Says He Will Bring Other Actions.

"Twenty demountable automobile rim suits will follow the one won by Louis de F. Munger Wednesday from the Perlman Rim Corporation, on the ground of patent infringements, according to William A. Redding of 38 Park Row his attorney. Munger was widely known as a bicycle racer in the days when that sport was prominent, and if the higher court sustains the decision in this suit he will be raised from the position of one who has to borrow money to carry on his legal fight to affluence.

"‘We expect to sue without delay every company that has been making demountable rims in the period covered by the period of our decision,' said Mr. Redding, ‘and our information is there are not less than twenty, counting large and small concerns. We claim that royalty is due on 5,000,000 demountable rims, all told, and if the courts award us only 25 cents a rim the total would be a tidy sum, but if we receive what Perlman did when he won his rim suit from the Standard Welding Company, said to be $1.50 a set, the amount would be much greater.

"‘Munger's patent, issued in 1899, expires last September, and under the law we are only permitted to recover for six years prior to the date of expiration, and from the time that elapses from September until the bringing of the suit must be subtracted.

"‘A representative of the Perlman Rim Corporations said his company would appeal the case. ‘In any event,' he asserted, ‘our patent stands, as its validity is not questioned in this case.'"

Munger later filed similar suits against Firestone and B.F. Goodrich, although the final disposition is not recorded.

In 1923 Munger invented a ‘Radio-Four Way Switch Plug' for which he received US patent no.173576. The ‘ornamental design for telephone plugs' was assigned to the Four Way Company, Springfield, Massachusetts.

On July 31, 1929, the New York Times published Munger's obituary:

"Louis De Franklin Munger, inventor of the demountable automobile rim and manufacturer of bicycles, died of heart disease at the Dauphin Hotel, (Broadway & W. 66th – 67th)."

Clifford Colgate Moore and Mabel Jay Nathans divorced in 1913 and on January 4th, 1914, Moore married Marguerite Augusta Charlotte Fuerst de Werbrouck. Clifford Colgate Moore passed away on April 16, 1931.

After the January 24th, 1914 fire (which occurred just two weeks after Moore's second marriage), the top two floors of the Moore & Munger building were razed and the building rebuilt as a two-story garage.

After Universal Auto Painting went out of business the building became the home of the SOS Cinema Supply Corp. The building was more recently acquired by Viacom and form's part of its Eleventh Ave. Comedy Central television studios.

Despite having the same name, Moore & Munger (#1), automobile body builders, were unrelated to Moore & Munger (#2), another New York City-based firm that manufactured and distributed clay, wax and petroleum-based modeling and paper coating materials. That firm was founded by brothers Henry C. and Max Munger in 1900 and was a reorganization of Smith & Munger a late 19th century manufacturer of colors and chemicals.

Sometime around 1903 Moore & Munger purchased a kaolin (clay) mine in Dry Branch, Georgia from the American Clay Company. At that time their office was located near the Brooklyn Bridge at 99 John St. They later relocated to 29 Broadway and by 1928 had established a more permanent office at 33 Rector St. For many years Moore & Munger (#2) distributed modeling clay to Manhattan and Detroit's automobile design studios.

The firm eventually branched out into real estate (Stratton Mountain, Vermont) and oil exploration, relocating to Plainfield, New Jersey, then to Connecticut. They were eventually purchased by Schumann Sasol AG, a large German wax producer and in 2004 were renamed to Sasol Wax Americas, Inc.

© 2004 Mark Theobald -

Henry C. Munger obituary

MUNGER Henry C. 05,Jan, 1929 64 DN. Died in Plainfield, N.J. Funeral on Jan. 7.
MUNGER Henry C. 05,Jan, 1929 64 NEWS. Plainfield, N.J. Son of Horace R. Brother to Jessie Munger

Princeton class of 1892 Max Munger


Salesman in importing. Business Address, 99 John Street, New
York City. Residence, Truell Inn, Plainfield, N. J.

Married Sue S. Weber, Plainfield, N. J., June 14, 1904. Children,

MUNGER is a salesman in the importing firm of Moore
& Munger, travelling almost everywhere east of Du-
luth and New Orleans. He has also been in Canada, and on
the Continent. He has resided continuously at Plainfield since


graduation, and has occupied two positions similar to the one
he now adorns. He is fond of water sports, and is an expert
swimmer. Theoretically, he is a Democrat ; in practice he is
a Republican. More than this deponent saith not ; and we had
hard work getting even that.

Miss Jessie Munger

The Sherwood Family

NOTE: Mary Florence Sherwood McLellan, aka "Florence" or "Florie" was also a member of the Plainfield Garden Club: Mrs. Malcom Nye McLellan '22

Around 1929, Florence worked in a hospital and was a manager at the Catherine Webster Home for old ladies. When she left to take care of Miss Jessie Munger, an old lady who lived in Plainfield, her sister, Aunt Net, became manager of the home. Miss Munger was what was called a spinster. That is a person who never married. She was very rich and liked to help young girls through school. [We have pictures of a bird bath in Miss Munger's garden].

Florence wrote a note on a small envelope given to her by the staff of the Muhlenberg Hospital. The staff wrote "A nice token of appreciation and friendship – We'll miss you. The Staff, Muhlenberg Hospital." The staff gave Florence a traveling clock.

When I lost my home (49 years old) I had to take a position – I was on the Woman's Auxillery Board of the Hospital – they needed a "House Mother" in nurses home. I took that position for 2 ½ yrs. – my children lived with Aunt Nettie, my sister. How I missed them.

Florence wrote a letter to Malcolm probably in the 1930s. It stresses her desire to move to Champlain to live with Malcolm and the family. However, the prospect of getting a good paying job in the 1930s in Champlain was small. Florence may have felt trapped in her job in the nursing home. The letter was written on Florence's own stationary:





Dear Malcolm,

I wrote Hugh about my plan of giving up here, but when he sent me a letter about signing deed, he never mentioned my coming to Champ. – I wrote Woodie about same thing, and said if I didn't make a stab at home life I'd never have it and asked him what he thought of my going to Champ. No word from him! If they don't want me why don't they say so, and Why. As things are, I feel if I went there, that I was butting in. I asked Hugh if there was any chance of your ever making $25 per week, we could squeek along on that in C[hamplain] – by ourselves – you would honestly think I was no part of the family at all – after my best years have gone by, to be chucked out seems mighty unfair. – Is Hugh in a very tight place financially? I don't want to stay here after June 15 – I am completely out of sympathy with the place – and one can't do good work that way – I'd rather live with the family & take a job at Walter Doolittles! – 48 years of domesticity have unfitted me for institutional life. – How is Bryce? Do shampoo his hair, rub it good, do it just before supper some eve – & it will be dry before bed time. What's Dot's Paris address?

Much love,


Another letter was written to Malcolm in Champlain by Florence who was still living in Plainfield. The postmark on the envelope stated ‘Plainfield, N.J. Sep 30 9–AM 1946'. Florence talked about trying to gain residence in Clinton County so she could later live in a nursing home in Plattsburgh.

Monday A.M.

Dear Malcolm,

Its 8:20 a.m. I have finished my breakfast & made out the menus – Miss Munger has gone to the hospital to see a maid who is to be operated upon this a.m. She has been with J.M. 30 years.

When I told you I couldn't understand Hugh's not writing to me, it was because in May I wrote him and told him I had saved $5000 and realized I would be 70 yrs old in another year – That I was tired and wondered whether he could consider taking me in for $5.00 per week for 3 years long enough to establish a residence in Clinton Co – so that I could enter old Ladies Home in Plattsburg – (require 3 years residence in county). I told him I "didn't mind' how dirty cottage was if I could keep my own corner clean" – I asked him not to say any thing about it to any one until we had decided about it. – As I did not know exactly what cost would be to get in home I could not offer to give him more until I did – but that I would give him more money if I had anything left, – after arrangements were made. –

I asked for an answer when he could write that was 3 months ago, and not a word have I heard from him. – I am really tired. –
I wouldn't mind tackling such things in my own home – I told B. I would get room in Hotel. She called yesterday & said she wouldn't have it – Then the operator cut her off because she didn't put in another nickel – she has no phone – try & arrange things that way.

I am glad you had that nice trip – I do think Hugh could have written me something, even if it was to say it wasn't possible. Champlain seems so peaceful.



Notable Women of Plainfield

Plainfield Library

Jessie D. Munger

It was estimated that at the time of her death at age 91 in 1957, Jessie Munger had helped to financially support over one thousand institutions and organizations. Named a "true humanitarian" by the Plainfield Courier-News, she donated a dormitory to her alma mater, Wellesley College, and supported Margaret Bourke-White through her college education. She was a YWCA and a Muhlenberg Hospital board member and organized a Red Cross workroom in Plainfield during World War II, among her many contributions to the Plainfield community.

Jessie Munger Class of 1886

Wellsley College Shakespeare Society

The Alumnae

The Alumnae Association consists of over 1200 members, spanning 80 years of College and Society experience. The alumnae maintain the House, provide annual gifts to the House, and respond to various special requests and needs of the undergraduate Society. They also sponsor several social occasions each year that serve to bring the Shakespeare Society family together. The strength of the Society's contribution to the life and history of the College is indicated by the prominence of its alumnae:

Jessie Munger 1886

was a member and a philanthropist who established various scholarships for women. She is also known for her generous gifts to the College – she donated Munger Hall in memory of her mother, Gertrude C. Munger.

Munger Meadow at Wellesley College

December 11, 1903

Daily Princetonian, Volume 28, Number 140, 11 December 1903 – GLEE CLUB CONCERT In Plainfield To-night. Program and List of Patronesses.


In Plainfield To-night. Program and List of Patronesses.

The second concert of the Glee, Banjo and Mandolin Clubs will be given in the Casino of Plainfield, N. J., to-night at 8.15 o'clock. The clubs will leave Princeton to-day at 1.21 p. m., and arrive at Elizabeth at 2.20. Leaving Elizabeth on the C. R. R. of N. J. at 2.35, they will reach Plainfield at 3.03. The men will be entertained at the homes of the Princeton alumni, and immediately after the concert adance will be given in honor of the clubs. On the return trip the men will leave Plainfield on Saturday at 9.40 a. m., reaching Elizabeth at 10.04, leave at 10.06, and arrive in Princeton at 11. The program of the concert follows: PART FIRST. 1. Old Nassau, Carmina Princetonia Glee Club. 2. A Rag Time Ball, J. H.Jennings Banjo Club. 3. 1904 Medley, Arranged by K. S. Clark Glee Club. 4. Selections from Babes in Toyland, Herbert Mandolin Club. 5. Fantasienstuck, Arranged Banjo Club. PART SECOND. 1. Step Song, Carmina Princetonia Glee Club. 2. Gondoliere, Nevin Mandolin Club. 3. The 1904 Rakion, Joseph Chapman Banjo Club. 4. Solo, Selected Mr. Truesdale. 5. Espanola Viva, Arranged Glee and Mandolin Clubs. 6. The White Crow, Paul Eno Banjo Club. PART THIRD. 1. Bedelia, Schwartz Mandolin and Banjo Clubs. 2. Selection, Arranged Glee Club. 3. Danse Caprice, Grieg Mandolin Club. 4. Triangle Song, Carmina Princetonia Glee, Banjo and Mandolin Clubs. The patronesses are as follows : Mrs. Charles F. Abbott, Mrs. Frederick H. Andrews, Mrs. Ernest R. Ackerman, Mrs. John T. Baker, Mrs. Eliot T. Barrows, Mrs. James R. Blake, Mrs. Charles I. Brooks, Mrs Howard W. Beebe, Mrs. E. H. Booth, Mrs. P. W. Bakely, Mrs. P. T. Brown, Mrs. J. Hervey Buchanan, Mrs. J. Edgar Corlies, Mrs. George A. Chapman, Mrs. J. B. Dumont, Mrs. M. E. Egerton, Mrs. Chapman Fisk, Mrs. Howard Fleming, Mrs. Walter Gaston, Mrs. Wm. T. Gaugh, Mrs. John F. Harmon, Mrs. Ellis W. Hedges, Mrs. Eugene H. Hatch, Mrs. W. E. Honeyman, Mrs. James Hayes, Mrs. Samuel Huntington, Mrs. Henry L. Hall, Mrs. Henry C. Irons, Mrs. D. C. Ivins, Mrs. William T. Kaufman, Mrs. William E. Lowe, Mrs. Edward H. Ladd, Jr., Mrs. E. L. Mack, Mrs. George P. Mellick, Mrs. H. Raymond Munger, Mrs. William H. Murray, Mrs. Henry A. McGee, Mrs. Walter Mc- Gee, Mrs. Samuel St. J. McCutchen, Mrs. Frank S. Martin, Mrs. Theodore W. Morris, Jr., Mrs. F. G. Meade, Mrs. Arthur J. Otterson, Mrs. D. W. Pond, Mrs. W. G. Peckham, Mrs. W. A. Pinto, Mrs. Joseph W. Reinhart, Mrs. David Rowland, Mrs. George S. Ring, Mrs. George T. Rogers, Mrs. Joseph M. Shellabarger, Mrs. Walter E. Stewart, Mrs. Lemuel W. Serrell, Mrs. Alfred F. H. Streuli, Mrs. Henry M. Stockton, Mrs. Joseph W. Sandford, Jr., Mrs. C. L. Sykes, Mrs. R. B. Strong, Mrs. George A. Strong, Mrs Duncan W. Taylor, Mrs. Evarts Tracy, Mrs. Lewis G. Timpson, Mrs. Mason Tyler, Mrs. Edward M. Van Buren, Mrs. George W. Van Boskerck, Mrs. A. Vandewater, Mrs. J. Vandewater, Mrs. William B. Wadsworth, Mrs. Orville T. Waring, Mrs. Lewis E. Waring, Mrs. Theodore D. Wilson, Mrs. E. Woltman, Mrs. John S. Zelie.

New York Times February 5, 1895


Entertainmnets Which Have Helped to Make the Week Pass Pleasantly

PLAINFIELD, N. J., Feb. 16 – On Wednesday evening a cotillion was danced at the home of ex-Mayor Q. V. F. Randolph of East Front Street.

Herman Simmonds of Watchung Avenue has gone to Florida, to remain until Spring.

Mrs. Dudley Insley of Tacoma and Miss See of Sing Sing are guests of Mrs. E. E. Runyon of Madison Avenue.

Mrs. Howell of Chester, who has been visiting her sister Mrs. F. D. Whiting of East Sixth Street, has returned home.

Next Tuesday evening the ladies of the Monroe Avenue Chapel will hold their annual supper.

Mrs. Robert Downy of Madison Avenue gave a tea this afternoon from 4 to 7.

By far the largest and most brilliant social function that has ever been given in this city was the Ackerman reception at the Casino on Monday night. About 500 guests were present, the largest number that has yet gathered in that pretty clubhouse and ballroom. Mrs. J. Hervey Ackerman received, assisted by Mrs. Robert Rushmore, Mrs. Ernest R. Ackerman, and Mrs. Marion S. Ackerman.

Plainfield Countil of the Royal Arcanum celebrated the addition of the two hundredth member to its ranks Monday night with an entertainment.

William C. Ayers, one of Plainfield's oldest residents, celebrated his eighty-sixth birthday Tuesday. He was born on Feb. 12, 1809, on the same day as Lincoln.

Wednesday evening the ladies of the Seventh Day Baptist Church held a sale and supper in the church.

An interesting meeting of the Monday Afternoon Club was held in the parlors of the Crescent Avenue Church Monday, at which David P. Hall gave a talk on parliamentary usage.

The Third Regiment Cadet Corps of this city will go to Bound Brook on Washington's Birthday to take part in the parade of that place.

Several new members were received into the Plainfield Bicycle Club at a meeting Monday night.

On Thursday evening, Feb. 21, a Martha Washington tea will be given in the First Presbyterian Church.

Tuesday evening Mr. and Mrs. B. O. Bowers of Franklin Place entertained the Musical Club.

The Ladies Committee of the Young Women's Christian Association met Tuesday afternoon and elected the following officers: President – Mrs. Henry M. Maxson; Vice-President – Mrs. J. Wesley Johnson; Treasurere – Mrs. J. H. Manning; Secretary – Miss Embury.

Next month Miss Fannie Westphal will be married to George Gray of Brooklyn.

Tuesday, Mrs. Marion S. Ackerman of West Seventh Street gave a dinner in honor of her guest, Miss Cox of New York. The guests present were Miss Gertrude Waly, Miss Cox, Miss Marion Dumont, Miss Waldron, Miss Lawrence, Miss Carey, Harry Munger, Laurens Van Buren, Fred Waly, Dr. B. Van D. Hedges, Mr. Waring and Mr. Wharton.

A union meeting of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Societies of the Crescent Avenue and First Presbyterian Churches as held Tuesday afternoon at the latter church. The subject discussed as "China," papers being read by Mrs. M. E. Dwight, Mrs. Luchey, Mrs. Cornelius Schenck, Mrs. Pruden, and Mrs. Wyckoff.

Next Saturday Mrs. Henry McGee of Washington Park will give an afternoon tea. The hours will be from 4 to 7 o'clock.

During the week Miss Florence Honneger of New Brighton, S. I., has been the guest of Mrs. J. R. Hill of Belvidere Avenue.

Plainfield's handsome new Young Men's Christian Association Building was formally opened Tuesday night. Addresses were made by Mayor Alexander Gilbert, the first President of the association; the Rev. Dr. William R. Richards and William D. Murray, the present President. The building cost about $50,000.

Plainfield Public Library

Ten Notable Women of Plainfield

Jessie D. Munger

It was estimated that at the time of her death at age 91 in 1957, Jessie Munger had helped to financially support over one thousand institutions and organizations. Named a "true humanitarian" by the Plainfield Courier-News, she donated a dormitory to her alma mater, Wellesley College, and supported Margaret Bourke-White through her college education. She was a YWCA and a Muhlenberg Hospital board member and organized a Red Cross workroom in Plainfield during World War II, among her many contributions to the Plainfield community.

Plainfield CC

New York Times August 18, 1901


Results of Weekly Marches at Hillside and Park Clubs.

PLAINFIELD, N. J. Aug. 17 – Notwithstanding the warm weather, there was a good attendance at the links of the Hillside Golf Club today. In the contest for the Mellick Cup, played this morning, Miss Maude Van Boskerck carried off the honors, the scores being: Miss Maude Van Boskerck 116, 12 - 104; Miss Herwarden, 110, 4 - 106, Miss May Holly, 137, 30 - 107; Miss May Wharton, 150, 35 - 115; Miss Louise Holly, 172, 25 - 137.

In the play for the Golf Committee Cup on the Hillside links, T. R. Van Boskerck led W. L. Glenny today by three points. The scores were: T. R. Van Boskerck, 92, 12 - 80; W. L. Glenny, 88 6 - 83; Walter Peterson, 99, 15 - 84; W. C. Faber, III, 27 -84; C. W. Abbott, 94, 8 - 86; C. A. Stevenson, 116, 24 - 92; C. C. Burke, Jr., 111, 19 - 92; E. W. Hedges, 115, 22-93; J. W. Sandford, 107, 13 -94; E. W. Newkirk, 122, 27 - 95; H. C. Tracey, 123, 17 - 96; L. H. Van Buren, 113, 15 - 98; J. R. Blake, 118, 18 -100; H. C. Munger, 114, 12 - 102; R. Rushmore, 127, 20 -107.

There was a comparatively small field in the weekly competition for the President's Cup at the Park Golf Club, and first and second honors went to Joseph L. Myers and Charles L. Nichols, respectively, who are newcomers in the race, while Charles B. Morse took third place. Senator Charles A. Reed still leads for the trophy.

The score cards better than 100 were: Joseph L. Myers, 117, 30 - 87; Charles L. Nichols, 119, 30 - 80; Charles B. Morse, 107, 15 - 92; William R. Faber, 113, 21 - 97; H. G. Phillips, 124, 25 - 90; Henry C. Wells, 118, 19 - 99.

Genealogy for Jessie Munger

NameJessie D. Munger3, 2534:42Birth19 Nov 1866, New Jersey3FatherH. Raymond Munger (1839-)MotherGertrude C. Hedges , 2534:4 (1837-)

NameH. Raymond Munger3Birth21 May 1839, Waterville, New York3Spouses
1Gertrude C. Hedges10, 2534:4Birth3 Oct 183710FatherNathan Hedges (1792-1875)MotherJulia Ford Condict , 2534 (1797-1887)Marriage6 Nov 18623ChildrenHenry C. , 2534:41 (1864-) Jessie D. , 2534:42 (1866-) Max , 2534:43 (1871-)

NameNathan Hedges3Birth21 Dec 1792, East Hampton, Long Island, New York3Death25 Dec 18753Spouses
1Julia Ford Condict3, 2534Birth28 Oct 1797, Morris Plains, Morris Co., New Jersey3Baptism1 Apr 1798, First Presbyterian Chuch, Morristown, Morris Co., New JerseyDeath2 Jun 18873FatherSilas Condict , 253 (1766-1848)MotherCharlotte Ford (1767-1849)Marriage8 Jul 1818ChildrenMary H. , 2534:1 (1821-1861) Henry , 2534:2 (1828-1859) Charlotte F. , 2534:3 (1837-1919) Gertrude C. , 2534:4 (1837-)Notes for Nathan Hedges
He was a man of superior literary attainments, and was prominent for many years as a teacher in Newark.3

NameSilas Condict3, 253Birth10 Aug 1766, Morristown, Morris Co., New Jersey3Baptism14 Sep 1766, First Presbyterian Chuch, Morristown, Morris Co., New JerseyDeath6 Feb 1848, Morris Plains, New Jersey3BurialFirst Presbyterian Churchyard, Morristown, Morris Co., New Jersey3,245Burial Memo Ebenezer Condict , 25 (1736-1777)MotherHuldah Byram (1740-1826)Spouses
1Charlotte Ford3Birth8 Dec 1767, Monroe, New Jersey3,2255Death6 Mar 1849, Morris Plains, New Jersey2256,2255BurialFirst Presbyterian Churchyard, Morristown, Morris Co., New Jersey245FatherJonathan Ford (1733-1817)MotherEunice Odell (1742-1830)Marriage29 Mar 1790, First Presbyterian Chuch, Morristown, Morris Co., New Jersey2257,2258ChildrenEbenezer , 2531 (1791-1833) Marcia (Died as Infant), 2532 (1792-1793) Charles , 2533 (1794-1857) Julia Ford , 2534 (1797-1887) Sidney , 2535 (1799-1855) Marcia , 2536 (1802-1884) Henry Ford , 2537 (1804-1893) Silas Byram , 2538 (1805-1891) Elliott L. , 2539 (~1811-1842) Edward Lewis , 253A (1812-)Notes for Silas Condict
Silas was a nephew of Silas Condict, who was a member of the Continental Congress. He was commonly called Silas Condict, Jr. His father, Colonel Ebenezer, died in the service of his country during the War of the Revolution. When Silas, Jr., was 11 years old he was reared by his uncle, Silas Condict, Sr., and on the death of his uncle he inherited a considerable part his large estate. Silas Condict, Jr., held many prominent public positions, among them the office of judge of the County Court of Morris County, which he held for many years. He was one of the three principal owners of the State Bank at Morristown. He took an interest in the Morris Canal and the Morris and Essex Railroad when they were built, during the latter part of his life, and was one of the most prominent men in Morris County. He was a large property owner and large blocks of his lands are still owned by his descendants. He was active in the Presbyterian Church and his body lies buried in the Presbyterian Graveyard at Morristown3
Notes for Charlotte (Spouse 1)
She was a great-granddaughter of Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, one of the founders and first president of Princeton College. She established one of the first Sunday Schools in New Jersey. This school was started in her home in Littleton, Morris County. She was an earnest Christian and believed sincerely in the power of prayer.3

NameAbigail Alden293Birth27 Dec 1721, Bridgewater, Plymouth, Massachusetts293Death19 Oct 1762, Mendham, Morris Co., New Jersey293BurialMendham, Morris Co., New JerseyFatherEbenezer Alden (1693-1776)MotherAnna Keith (1695-1775)Spouses
1Ebenezer Byram3Birth17 Sep 1716, Bridgewater, Plymouth, Massachusetts293Death14 Sep 1762, Mendham, Morris Co., New Jersey293BurialMendham, Morris Co., New Jersey293FatherCaptain Ebenezer Byram (1692-1753)MotherHannah Haywood (1694-1761)Marriage22 Nov 1738, Bridgewater, Plymouth, Massachusetts293ChildrenHuldah (-1739) Huldah (1740-1826) Edward (1742-1824) Ebenezer (1743-) Abigail (1745-1823) Nahtali (1747-<1750) Naphtali (1749-1812) Anna "Annie" (1750-1826) Joseph (1753-1829) Mary (1755-1819) Phebe (1758-1795) Alden (1761-<1762)Notes for Abigail Alden
Descended from the Mayflower passenger John Alden.10

1948 Check Book

No. 730
Sept. 9, 1948
Harriette R. Halloway
Iris Garden

No. 731
Oct. 19, 1948
Interstate Printing Corporation
Postals for Sec.
Printing & Postage

No. 732
Oct. 19, 1948
Interstate Printing Corp.
Painting tickets
Madame Arai Benefit

In left margin:

Dues – Munger – Hubbell $25.00
Dues (Mrs. Mead) $15.00
less Mrs. E. H. Ladd's ck
deposit in November -9.00

1920 Muhlenberg Hospital Womens Auxiliary

Mrs. Ray T. Munger

Berea College, Berea, KY

Mrs. Helen Draper Ayer of Massachusetts and later of California created a trust fund, The Draper Foundation, in memory of her Kentucky-born mother, Mrs. Jessie Preston Draper. She gave Berea $200,000 from this fund with the stipulation the money should be used to aid in educating students from Appalachia. Other gifts, including $50,000 given in memory of Henry C. Munger by his sister, brought the total to $340,000, with which this colonial-style structure was built in 1938 (modeled after Independence Hall in Philadelphia).It contains 24 classrooms and offices for teachers, reading rooms, campus ministry and the audio-visual aids department. A large projection room and a complete, electronically equipped language laboratory also are located at Draper.

In June 2000, renovation began on the Draper Building tower for the installation of a 56-bell Carillon. The carillon is an instrument consisting of bells that can be played like a piano or organ. The musical instrument weighs 11 tons. The Berea College Carillon is the largest in Kentucky.

The audio player, below, can be used to stop and start* a Carillon performance by David Hunsberger of "Etudes in a New Age: Minims and Pulsations."

•Date Built: 1938
•Square Feet: 52,000

Dedication Plaque

White Star Line RMS Olympic Passenger List

Crossing 4 Southampton to New York
Departure August 29, 1911 12:00 Noon
Embarking 1, 353 Passengers
428 First Class, 367 Second Class, 558 Third Class

First Class
Henry Munger, 47 USA
Jessie Munger, 44 USA

1925 Meeting Minutes

1936 - 1937 Meeting Minutes

1938-1939 Meeting Minutes

Film of the Munger Garden

Movie_Mrs. Conner 999 Hillside Mrs. Atterbury 922 Hillside Mrs. Stevens 985 Hillside Miss Munger 1441 Prospect

1941 Courier-News Plainfield Merits Classification as 'City of Beautiful Trees'

November 30, 2013: Found in Barbara Tracy Sandford's memorabilia. Written by PGC Member Mrs. Garret Smith

"I call Plainfield the City of Beautiful Trees," and out-of-town visitor remarked to me the other day. "My business takes me to many towns about this size clear across the country. Trees, or their lack, always impress me most about a town. Beautiful building can't make up for the lack of them. Many towns seem to have choice trees only in one or two sections. Others have only a few tree-lined avenues. But every part of Plainfield has not only interesting individual trees, but long stretches of streets where treetops meet in green arches above the traffic. That doesn't just happen. This town must have been founded by tree-lovers."

The stranger was right, as many specimen trees on old private properties testify. They are trees that were rare and expensive when planted years ago. A number of well-to-do property owners appreciated trees and collected choice kinds. The street trees of about this age also show that far-sighted men planned to make the town keep growing more beautiful in ways that everyone enjoys.

Trees have always been essential to Plainfielders. In the early days elms stretched down North Ave. from east to the west city boundaries. Many still remain now 70 to 80 years old. That avenue helped to establish Plainfield's policy of "beautiful trees for every street."

Value Appreciated
The city's mayors and councilmen have appreciate the value of trees . . . Ginko . . . now ripening, in the edge of the station grounds, near the corner of the drug store.

Among its immediate neighbors, at this station are a Red Maple, Austrian Pine, English Elm, Horse Chestnut, several Magnolias and a Sycamore Maple, the latter near the middle of the grass oval. Purple Beech, White Pine and two Hemlocks stand at the west exit.

Lindens at Spot
On the North Ave. side of the station is an interesting clump of three Lindens – no two alike. Evergreens are represented by three Scotch Pines, an Austrian and a White Pine, and a tall, slender Spruce. In this little park are also Sugar Swamp and Silver Maples, and a clump of low-growing Beeches. Looking upward to the railroad level, one sees, besides the specimen Ginko mentioned, two Catalpas, a Weeping Mulberry, two Red Maples and an Austrian Pine. A big Pin Oak, two or three Scarlet Oaks, a . . . .

. . . boats glided over Green Brook and when Plainfield and New York social leaders came in big carriages, drawn by spanking teams, to garden musicals, gay dinners, dances and teas as the Johnston's guests.

All of Plainfield's school grounds are constantly growing more attractive. Environment of vines, trees, plants and shrubs awaken appreciation of Nature's beauty that is a lifelong source of pleasure.

Hubbard School, one of the city's architectural gems, has always been regarded as in a class by itself. Its beauty is greatly enhanced by choice plant material on its ample grounds, partly framed by Barberry. Large specimen Japanese Yews arrest attention, along with Sourwoods, or "Lily-of-the-Valley Tree," whose branches bear long one-sided racemes of white flowers in summer and whose leaves are vivid scarlet in autumn.

White Pine, Cedar, Pfitzer Junipers are shadowy evergreen foils for airy bloom of Weeping Japanese . . .

Among them are the old Elms in North Ave., mentioned before; London Planes from Watchung Ave. to Terrill Rd.; Ash in St. Mary's Ave.; Pin Oaks and Planes in Park Ave.; Sycamore Maples in Bellevue Ave.; Norway Maples in both Leland and Monroe Ave. sections. Tulip trees now grow in Central St., along Maxon School grounds, and Ginkos in Landsdowne Terr. In Cleveland Ave., near Grace Church, the lacy foliage of the decorative Mountain Ash, or Rowan Tree, contrasts at this season with bunches of bright hollylike berries. Many years ago the late Simeon Cruikshank planted Buckeyes along his corner property ["Sacmoore" 831 Belvidere] at Belvidere and Watchung Aves. Much smaller than familiar Horse Chestnut and with brighter pink flower-spikes they have always been greatly admired. In autumn the brilliant, scarlet, star-shape leaves of Liquid-ambar, or Sweetgum, glorifies a patch of Ravine Rd. After a shower, or if bruised, the foliage is fragrant. Corky bark and thorny-skinned fruit like little apples, complete this tree's unique characteristics.

Close to 150 trees, of many species, are part of the Muhlenberg Hospital landscape. The long front path beneath the Maples, and on the west the wide Elm-bordered stretch of green lawn leading to a quiet pool, with its amusing little bronze fountain figure, form two vistas of ever-increasing charm. Wide borders of intermingling trees and flowering shrubs frame the property.

The purple leaves of the two Schwedler Maples attract much attention in the spring. So do the Apple trees and Dogwoods that trim the grounds like big bouquets, set off by Hemlocks, Spruce and Pine. Chinese Dogwoods, given by graduate nurses, are especially prized. Devoted interest of the late Marie Louis, nature-lover and for years superintendent of Muhlenberg, helped turn once common-plant "grounds" into a tree-shaded garden spot both restful and diverting.

Dogwood Favorites
Native Dogwoods are favorites among the city's flowering trees. The Plainfield Garden Club, on its own recent 25th birthday, gave small grove of these "Jewels of the Forest" to Cedar Brook Park. On the T. H. Van Bosckerck grounds on Prospect Ave. is the handsome large group of Dogwoods on private property in town. On Dr. Elmer Weigel's lawn on Belvidere Ave [630 Belivdere – see Mrs. Joost]. Chinese Dogwood bears much larger and later blooms. Directly across the street from this, and close to the sidewalk, a low-growing Witch Hazel (Hamanelis) bears yellow Forsythia-like flowers in winter.

Before the Talmadge dwelling [714 Belvidere], in the the same street, are majestic Copper Beeches. In early days Beeches were popular selections for large grounds. Probably the finest Weeping Beech in the city grows in deserted grounds in Central Ave. Nearby on the Witon property is a huge Purple Beech – both almost perfect. Farther down the avenue, on Wardlaw School grounds [1030 Central Avenue - see Below], is a fine old Ginko.

The only Katsura Tree (Cercidiphyllum japonicum) in Plainfield is owned by former Mayor Leighton Calkins [929 Madison – see Below]. Its strange trunk and heart-shaped leaves, purplish when young, are unusual. It grows in front of the house in Madison Ave.

Unique among Plainfield trees is a native Orange of the South. it is today laden with velvety, green fruit in Mrs. Howard Tracy's Prospect Ave. garden [1331 Prospect Ave]. Probably nowhere else in this region can one be found, according to Shade Tree Commissioner Lithgow Hunter. Sent north from Maryville College in Tennessee 50 years ago. . . .

. . . residents seeking permanent homes. These officials have always planned with the Shade Tree Commission since its organization, so that every year more trees come marching in. Some fill vacancies in the ranks of old trees along old streets. Others shade tireless blocks in new sections of town.

For the last 17 years, one man, Sidney Durant, the Shade Tree Commission's expert supervisor of trees, has directed its work. it includes feeding, pruning, watering and repairing the city's 25,000 street trees, as well removal of dead or too-badly-injured trees and planting new ones. For nearly 20 years Thomas F. Hylan has served on the commission, of which he is now president.

Of all the city's trees, the strange Ginko, or Maiden-hair tree, grows to a height of 80 feet or so. The delicacy of its little leaves, resembling those of the Maiden-Hair fern, contrast sharply with the arrow-straight upswept branches of what is considered one of the most beautiful and unusual of all hardy exotic trees. The Ginko's origin is a mystery. Nowhere on earth is it been found wild, yet fossils prove it was once scattered all over the world. Nothing else today resembles the Ginko, so paleontologists reason that some series of misfortunes destroyed all missing links. Today's closest relative is the Yew family, thought at a glance they appear as unrelated as a Chines and a New England Yankee.

Planted Near Temples
Early explorers found Ginkos planted around Chinese and Japanese temples. The Chinese called in Yin-Hing – "Silver Apricot" – referring to the greenish-yellow, fleshy fruit having a single stone. This fruit, slightly roasted, was served throughout the formal Chinese dinners which lasted all day. Guests nibble the finlike fruit between courses as an aid to digestion.

The Ginko did not reach England until 1754. The first specimen in this country was planted in Woodlands Cemetery, Philadelphia. In 1889 the Ginko fruited for the first time there on the grounds of Charles Wister. fifty years ago these newcomers to America were not only scarce, but expensive. That Plainfield has so many beautiful old specimens of these trees is possibly due to the fact that John Taylor Johnston, then president of the New Jersey Central Railroad and a resident of this city, was not only a patron of the arts, but a lover of trees. Each of Plainfield's railroad station grounds had not only fine specimens of the Ginko, but also a varied collection of other trees, evidently selected by an expert.

Netherwood, nearest the Johnston home [see Below], was especially favored. Here, beside the north track, stands a regal Ginko, carefully located as an artist would plan his canvas, so that its top is etched against the sky. This emphasizes the beauty of leaf and branch and trunk as viewed from the eastbound station platform. ?? may see a younger . . .

. . . White Oak and Elms are among the trees fringing the western boundary.

"The property as a whole is a remarkable small arboretum," said a well-known visiting tree scientist recently, after inspecting the Netherwood station park. "In my travels I've seen no other railroad station grounds with such a variety of trees. This landscaping, too, I can see was done by an expert."

In employing such an expert to beautify the railroad property in his home town, Mr. Johnston was carrying out the spirit of the statement he made at the time the Metropolitan Museum of New York City was founded at his Fifth Ave. mansion. He was quoted as saying:

"The public ought to have a chance to see, to hear and to know more about whatever feeds the mind and is inspiring, if we are to have the best kind in America."

To even a novice in landscaping, the Netherwood station grounds show that underlying motive. One could not imagine either the south or north oval either diminished of enlarged – so true is their scale. It would be hard to find more beautiful flowering trees than those Magnolias; or more intriguing contrast of leaf, branch and trunk than offered by the Ginko and the Pine. On the north side the clump of Lindens, combined with an apparently outcropping "pudding stone," make a "garden composition" that suggest to the home gardener similar effective arrangements, though not necessarily identical in material.

Beautiful Estate
Some old residents recall that Mr. Johnston's estate in E. Front St. was lavishly beautified with choice trees, as were those of most of his neighbors along that splendid avenue of that day. Some of those estates are still being kept up as homes of their owners today, while others have been divided into beautiful setting for developments of small homes.

The Johnston estate, however, furnished the basis of another public development of beauty spots. A portion of it became the site of the new Barlow School [see Below]. These school grounds are said to be unequaled in the state in the variety and placement of superb trees. What some consider the finest Weeping Beech in town grows here, also two majestic evergreens, one a White Pine, the other a Spruce. Elm, Ginko, Cucumber tree, Ash, "Button Ball," Willow and Sugar Maple are also outstanding.

Two of the most interesting, although not the most conspicuous of the group, are a true English Oak (Quercus Robur) and a Yellow Wood (Cladrastis lute). The first has smallish leaves, thick-set upon the branch. A strange characteristic is that the stem adheres to the side of the acorn. The writer knows of only one other English Oak in town – Central Ave., near Stelle Ave.

The Yellow Wood has wisteria-like racemes of white fragrant flowers in midsummer. Leaves resemble the locust. Another fine specimen grows on the property of Miss Laura Detwiller in Hillside Ave.

All were here in the days . . . .

. . . when Cherry, Dogwood and Crab. In early spring the large leathery-leaved evergreen Japanese Andromeda (Pieris) unfold delicate, coppery leaves and waxy white racemes of tiny flowers. These are classified as shrubs, but on these favorable grounds, are almost small trees of exceptional beauty.

Preservation is Theme
The good judgement of George R. Zimmer, who for many years has supervised Plainfield's school grounds, is shown not only in what has already been accomplished, but in developments being planned. "What can we preserve?" not "What can we cut down?" is his motto. Before clearing the recently purchased grounds adjoining Maxon School was begun this summer, Mr. Zimmer marked every large and small tree that "might some day be of use somewhere." Workmen were warned to cut not one of these.

The City Police Headquarters and also the old Public Library have a setting of trees. The little Library Park is said to have been reserved from farmland whose native trees – mostly, Red, White and Black Oaks – were left standing. Across the facade of Fire Headquarters are a Ginko, a London Plane and Horse Chestnut – each an unusually fine specimen. Among Netherwood firemen are enthusiastic gardeners. Each spring many of Plainfield's 3,000 commuters take great interest in "what the boys are doing to their grounds." Everything planted seems to do well, even the peonies, marking the line between the firemen's parklike grounds and the railroad cinder-bed.

On spacious City Hall grounds is not only a variety of evergreens, but also of deciduous trees, selected for beauty of form, leaf or flower. Two Cryptomeria, "Aristocrats of Evergreens," donated recently by Plainfield's near-centenarian, Miss Isabel Tweedy, and a tall Himalayan Pine in town was brought here by the late Harry K. Tetsuka, to adorn his well-known Japanese garden in Belvidere Ave [556 Belvidere].

The Holly tree on City Hall grounds is another tree found on but few properties. It was donated by Herbert Moody [see Below], when The Courier-news gift of 5,000 bulbs roused a widespread interest in more beautiful grounds, in keeping with the architectural beauty of the building. Evergreens were given immediately by former Mayor Marion F. Ackerman, and a Dogwood by Thomas F. Hylan, whose keen interest in the property extends back to 25 years ago, when, as Councilman, he served on the City Hall Building Committee. This season former Councilman Orville G. Waring, son of the late Mayor Waring, donated several valuable Pfitzer Junipers.

Not Monotonous
Many species of trees planted along our city streets make green lanes that are not monotonous.

. . . . stood for most of that time in this sheltered nook. The fruits, when ripe, are decorative, but not edible. Edible oranges grown only on grafted stock. The thorny branches of this small tree resemble Osage Orange, or "Indian Bow-wood."

Figs are also ripening now in Plainfield. Within a stone's throw of Netherwood station is Watson Ave. It is only three blocks long and from spring to fall it glows with flowers. In one little garden grows a carefully tended Fig tree that bears fruit yearly. Each fall the owner buries his Fig tree in a deep trench well below the frost-line. Each spring it is dug out and reset.

One great wide-spreading Mulberry (Morus Multicaulus) towers far above the roof-top of Leslie R. Fort's home in Cedarbrook Rd. This venerable tree is the historic survivor of a Mulberry plantation, established during the "Multicaulus Mania," by the late Senator Martine [11 Brook Lane, see Below], as a venture to yield gigantic profits on his farm that included the Cedar Brook tract. He believed with others that New Jersey would be one of the world's silk-growing centers. Convinced that silk was to take the place of cotton, New Jersey farmers set out thousands of acres of "silk-worm mulberries" about 100 years ago, only to cut down the trees when the bubble burst.

One of the most varied private collection of trees in the city is that of Miss Jessie D. Munger in Prospect Ave. In recent years instructors at Rutgers University have brought students to these grounds to study the trees and other plant material as well as the garden design. Last spring the general public enjoyed the same privilege.

Love of trees is part of the tradition that has helped mould Plainfield into a city of pleasant homes on quiet streets. The late Jonas Lie, one of our city's most distinguished citizens, sensed this characteristic of our community. In the Common Council Chamber at City Hall hangs his gift – a mountain woodland scene, interpreted by his illustrious brush as an inspiring message to us all.

To learn more about the history of some of the people and places mentioned in this article, visit these links:

[Maxson School]
Stillman, Mrs. William Maxson (Elizabeth B. Atwood) '15

[630 Belvidere]
Joost, Mrs. Sherman Brownell (Marie Murray) '19

[714 Belvidere]
Dunbar, Mrs. William Kuhn '17
Rock, Mrs. Robert B. '43
Runkle, Mrs. Harry Godley (Jennie Fitz Randolph) '15
Whitehead, Mrs. James Harold (Jean Fitz-Randolph Heiberg) '43

[1030 Central Avenue – duCret School]
Huntington, Mrs. Howard (Agnes Fales Strong) '19
McGee, Mrs. Walter Miller (Mary Alice Yerkes) '22
Zerega, Miss Bertha Virginia '23

[929 Madison Avenue]
Ackerman, Mrs. Marion S.(Sarah M. Wills) '35

[Johnston Estate on Front Street & Netherwood]
Mali, Mrs. Pierre (Frances Johnston) '18

[Barlow School East front Street – former estate of "Blojocamavi" owned by Lewis V. Fitz Randolph/Johnston estate]
Barlow, Mrs. Carlton Montague (June Simms) '70
Barlow, Mrs. DeWitt Dukes (Mary Lee Brewer), Jr. '65
Dunbar, Mrs. William K., Jr. (Elizabeth or "Libby" Hail Barlow) '47
Perkins, Mrs. Seymour, Jr. (Esther Moody Barlow) '49
(Also see Mrs. Runkle and Mrs. Whitehead above)

[City Hall]
Moody, Mrs. George T. '22
Perkins, Mrs. Seymour, Jr. (Esther Moody Barlow) '49

[11 Brook Lane, Martine House]
MacLeod, Mrs. Robert F. (Carolyn Waring) '55

1941 Courier-News Plainfield Merits Classification as 'City of Beautiful Trees'

1941 Courier-News Plainfield Merits Classification as 'City of Beautiful Trees'

December 11, 2013 Gathering of the Greens at Hillside

Miss Munger

Another very wealthy member of the PGC was Miss Jessie Munger '28.

Miss Munger, related to famous cyclist Birdie Munger, gave away a lot of her fortune which included the Wellesley Shakespeare Society (another clue as to why we may have a Shakespeare Garden). Still, today at Wellesley, there is a beautiful piece of land called "Munger Meadow."