Plainfield Garden Club








Member: Tyler, Mrs. Cornelius Boardman (Susan Tilden Whittlesey)'25 President 1944 - 1947

1928 Treasurer Book April 15th $5.00
1929 Treasurer Book Active $5.00
1930 Treasurer Book Active. Penciled in is "Pd. Trans. to Ass. List June 2. 30"
1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937 Treasurer Book Associate

1932 Directory* Address: 525 West Seventh Street
* = This directory is not dated but presumed to be from the year 1932.
NOTE: Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler, 525 West Seventh Street is listed as an "Associate Member"

1937 Treasurer Book: Associate Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler transferred to Active Aprl 12

1937 Treasurer Book, under "Associate": Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler is crossed out with a notation " Transferred Active Apr. 12 Resigned Oct. 11"

1938 Treasurer Book, Active: Mrs. Cornelius B. Tyler 1/7/38 Pd. 1/6/39 Pd. 4/9/40 Pd. 4/7/41 Pd. 12/11/41 Pd. 1/18/43 Pd. 12/13/43 Pd. 12/6/44 Pd. 12/10/45 6/12/46 May 6, 1947 June 14, 1948 June 8, 1949 June 15, 1950 May 1951 June 1952

1942 Address: 525 West 7th Street

1970 Address: 525 W. Seventh Street
NOTE: Listed as a "Sustaining Member"

1973 - 1975 Address: 525 W. Seventh Street
Sustaining Member

1978 Address: 901 Madison Avenue, Plainfield

Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler became a member of The Plainfield Garden Club in 1925. She was listed as an "Associate" member first in 1953 and last in 1963.

There were other "Mrs. Tylers" in the club and it is believe they are related. Mrs. William S. Tyler, founding member, in 1915 was Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler's sister-in-law. She was also listed as an "Associate" member first in 1958 and then in 1960.

C. Boardman's family lived at 525 West 7th and William S.'s family lived at 520 West 8th – the houses were directly behind one another on the block.

Mrs. John (Peggy) Tyler became a member in 1959 and was a contemporary of many club members today (2010) Peggy was the daughter-in-law to Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler. Peggy was listed as an "Affiliate" member of the club in 1997 and lastly in 2006 when she passed away.

There is no information about Miss Margaret R. Tyler who joined the club in 1944. She was most likely the daughter of Mrs. William S. Tyler as they shared the same address at 520 West 8th Street, Plainfield. She may have married and her membership then became listed under her married name.

June 2011: Delivered Shakespeare-in-Bloom invitation to 901 Madison Avenue. Notation: Apartments

Possibly related to PGC Member:
Dumont, Mrs. John Brokaw (Annie Wright Mason) '15
Ginna, Mrs. Daniel F. (Katherine Whiting Lewis) '15
MGee, Mrs. Henry Augustus (Emma Louise Whiting) '22
Mellick, Mrs. Roger Drew (Catharine Whiting Ginna) '28

Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler's Home on Seventh Street

Wednesday, January 23, 2008
A Plainfield Painted Lady Bares All
One of Plainfield's 'painted ladies' is suddenly baring all.
by Dan Damon

You may never have noticed the mansion at 525 West 7th Street, across from the United Synagogue and the Boys & Girls Club. Ever since I've lived in Plainfield it has been hidden behind a screen of dense ivy and saplings gone wild.


http://ptoday.blogspot.com/2008_01_01_archive.html

Tyler's carriage house

When its most recent owner, John Krause, passed away many wondered what the fate of the desirable 310-foot wide double lot might be, and whether the house would survive or be razed to give way to townhomes.

Suddenly, in the last week or two, there is a great buzz of activity.

A tree company has removed almost all of the trees to the left of the house, and over the holiday weekend seems to have attacked the vacant lot to the right of the house.

Dumpsters have come and gone and come again in the driveway, filling up with material from inside the three-story mansard-roofed structure.

At the rear of the property is one of Plainfield's most spectacular and spectacularly neglected carriage houses. One wonders if it is beyond reclamation.

1934 Tyler Mansion, 525 West Seventh Street, Plainfield, NJ

Will the property once again serve as a grand single-family residence as it did in the early part of the 20th century, when the owner-occupant was one Cornelius Tyler?

On Monday, the official Martin Luther King holiday, I noticed that two of the first floor windows had been removed and covered with plywood. Good sign or bad sign?

April 25, 2010 Dan Damon's article on Historic Preservation

http://ptoday.blogspot.com/2010/08/are-angry-homeowners-sign-of-historic.html

Sunday, April 26, 2009

Another Plainfield Landmark Gone
By Dan Damon

Another Plainfield landmark has bitten the dust – literally.

The wooden-framed upper story of the carriage house at 525 West 7th Street was demolished this past week. The wall containing the window pictured above came down on Friday. The carriage house once boasted a squash court/ballroom on the second floor.

Formerly known as the Tyler Mansion, the house has been undergoing a transformation that began in January of last year, and seems now mostly finished, though no one appears to live in the house yet

http://ptoday.blogspot.com/2009_04_01_archive.html

Tyler Mansion 2008

The yards of the freshly subdivided three lots are just piles of dirt, not even graced by weeds.

Ah, progress!

by Dan Damon

July 3, 1907 New York Times Obituary for Col. M.W. Tyler

Colonel M. W. Tyler was father-in-law to both members Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler and her sister-in-law, Mrs. William S. Tyler.

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F20A16F83C5512738DDDAA0894DF405B878CF1D3

A Civil War veteran, Col. Tyler was a descendant of Gov. Bradford of the Mayflower and many other notable US citizens such as Aaron Burr, Gen. John Mason and Rev. Jonathan Edwards and Governor John Ogden.

Address: 535 West 7th Street, Plainfield, NJ

Susan Whittlesey

Amherst College 1963 Autobiographical Record

This document lists John Tyler, Mrs. John (Peggy) Tyler's husband and son of Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler, also known as the former Susan Whittlesey. Lists Mr. Cornelius Boardman Tyler as "Amherst 1989" and the 1963 address for Mr. John Tyler is White Goose Farm, Metuchen, NJ

Mrs. Tyler Lost Golf Match August 17, 1913, New York Times

Elijah Boardman Tyler, Metropolitan Museum, New York

Description
Earl portrayed the richly dressed dry goods merchant Elijah Boardman (17601823) in his store in New Milford, Connecticut. His right hand rests on a counting desk protected and decorated by green cloth secured with brass nails. The shelves of the desk house books, including Moore's "Travels," Shakespeare's plays, Milton's "Paradise Lost," Johnson's dictionary, and the "London Magazine" for 1786. Through the open paneled door to the right of the subject, bolts of plain and patterned textiles, including one with a prominently displayed British tax stamp, invite inspection and tell the viewer how Boardman earned a living, just as the books in his desk and the letter in his hand speak of his learning and awareness of culture. Earl also painted Esther Boardman, sister to Elijah (1991.338).

Artist
Ralph Earl (17511801)

Title
Elijah Boardman

Date
1789

Medium
Oil on canvas

Dimensions
83 x 51 in. (210.8 x 129.5 cm)

Classification
Paintings

Credit Line
Bequest of Susan W. Tyler, 1979

Accession Number
1979.395

Provenance
By descent, Cornelius Boardman Tyler, Plainfield, New Jersey, died 1955; Mrs. Cornelius Boardman (Susan W.) Tyler, Fairfield, New Jersey, died 1979

1915 - 1965 History of the Plainfield Garden Club

page 4

1915 - 1965 History of the Plainfield Garden Club

page 7

1915 - 1965 History of the Plainfield Garden Club

page 8

1915 - 1965 History of the Plainfield Garden Club

page 10

"The school children had drawn lovely silhouettes of the trees, and hanging on the wall beside each one, was a living branch in a container of water. These branches were supplied by the Shade Tree Commission. Beautiful colored slides of the following members' gardens were shown; Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler, Mrs. William S. Tyler and Mrs. A. D. Seybold, with Miss Margaret Tyler commenting. Afterwards one woman said, "I didn't know there was so much beauty in Plainfield."

Two hundred adults and over seven hundred children attended the show, which also included a puppet show, a movie and exquisite water colors of trees by the late Miss Laura Detwiller.

Living Memorials
In 1945 we began honoring our deceased members with gifts of money to the Garden Club of America's Redwood Memorial Grove in California. By 1961 our fund had grown to $200.00 – enough to "buy" a tree. What a trifling sum to pay for one of these magnificent Redwoods which Charles Steinbeck has called, "mute ambassadors from another age which create a vision that stays with you always . . . a stunning memory of what the world was like once long ago."

Also, that same year we were a Founder of the Blue Star Memorial Drive on Highway 22. "Our members contributed generously to this beautiful tribute to the men who served in the armed forces." Mrs. Anderegg records, "Flowering trees were planted of members' sons lost in the war."

Christmas Wreaths
One Christmas during World War II, we made 214 wreaths and 400 boutonnieres of "enduring greens gay with bright accents of color" for Camp Kilmer. We used two tons of evergreens, spent an estimated 400 hours making the wreaths and worked in assembly-line technique at Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler's studio were "a fire crackled merrily in the stove and the smell of Christmas was everywhere". Numb arm muscles, taut backs and blackened hands were disregarded in the joy of working together. For years, Mrs. John S. Anderegg was head of this project.

When Camp Kilmer was no longer functioning, we made wreaths for Lyons Hospital. In 1951, the members were described as engaging in a "colossal project of wreath making, reaching a state of frenzy." The next year the wreath-making was confined to one very long day and described as "fun", but for the last time. From then on, we sent money for the purchase of Christmas greens.

1950 was the year we started the annual custom of creating gift packages of cigarettes for the patients at Lyons. Those imaginative, beautiful packages (which the patients used as decorations), were always displayed at our Christmas meeting, and sometimes judged. Many a member, not so nimble fingered as others, was rumored to have stayed away from that meeting! In 1964, cigarettes went out of favor and hard candies, cleverly wrapped as tree ornaments, were substituted.

1915 - 1965 History of the Plainfield Garden Club

page 14

1915 - 1965 History of the Plainfield Garden Club

page 18

1915 - 1965 History of the Plainfield Garden Club

Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler serves on the Board of The Garden Club of America, 1947 - 1951

page 25

August 6, 1916 New York Times article: Berkshire Season in Full Swing

Description of the Stockbridge Flower Show were a vase crafted by Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler of Plainfield was awarded.

In the 1915 - 1965 History of the Plainfield Garden Club there is a reference to "Mrs. Tyler's studio." It is assumed the large carriage house behind her residence was her pottery studio.

September 28, 1916 Obituary of Mrs. Tyler's mother, Mrs. Caroline B. Tilden Whittlesley

June 21, 1912 NY Times article: Arrivals in the Berkshires

From Plainfield, New Jersey's History & Architecture by John Grady and Dorothe Pollard

This multi-dormered windmill crowned carriage house, like none other in the city, still stans behind the Boardman Tyler mansion to West Seventh Street. What a sight it must have been in its glory days.

In later years, the roof was raised and altered to house an indoor squash court on the second floor. Also pictured is an amazing Palladian window installed to light the court – a window more suitable for a mansion than a stable. Woe to him who send a ball smashing through that window in the heat of competition.

From Plainfield, New Jersey's History & Architecture by John Grady and Dorothe Pollard

Adding impetus to the Colonial Revival trend was the restoration of Colonial Williamsburg. Although handsomely remodeled with balustraded roofline, swam's neck pediment and corner quoins, the mansard roof proclaims this as a circa 1870 home. To complete the picture, this distinguished Seventh Street house also had a boxwood parterre outside the oval dining room.

Yes, it's the same house. Into the Plainfield pantheon of bad taste goes this 2008 remuddling. Historic preservation, a vital force in Plainfield for almost thirty years, takes a giant step backward. A bouquet of onions goes to this stinker!

Jeanne Turner's Memory of the Tyler carriage house

When shown a photo of the Tyler carriage house, Jeanne immediately exclaimed she knew it as the place where the Junior League would keep all the costumes for the many plays and shows they produced.

Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Plainfield Garden Club by Lucy Von Boskerck

1941 - 1947 Club History by Etheldreda Anderegg

1941 - 1947 Club History by Etheldreda Anderegg

1941 - 1947 Club History by Etheldreda Anderegg

1941 - 1947 Club History by Etheldreda Anderegg

1941 - 1947 Club History by Etheldreda Anderegg version 2

[Editor's note: The original document was too faded to scan. This is a different version of a history written by Mrs. Etheldreda Anderegg from 1941 1947]

Plainfield Garden Club History
Continued to 1947

On May 14th, 1941 six years ago to-day in Cedarbrook Park the Anniversary Dogwood Trees were formally presented to the Park Commission. In making the presentation, Mrs. Arthur Nelson, president, said the garden club wished to make a gift of lasting beauty to mark its anniversary. Mr. Tracey responding for the Park Commissioners commended the club for its civic interest and declared the trees would bring a touch of beauty to thousands of lives. The gift was identified by a large boulder bearing a bronze marker. Mrs. Holliday as chairman of the Dogwood Tree Committee and of the Boulder Committee arranged the anniversary celebration.

That year, 1941, an article appeared in Horticulture in praise of our Shakespeare Garden.

A teacher of the Jefferson School staff was sent to the Audubon Nature Camp in Maine.

Handsome new yearbooks containing a revised constitution, membership lists and permanent covers with loose leaves were issued. About this time some of our members looking back upon some of our achievements of the past, and forward for new horizons to explore, agreed that once more we should storm the ramparts of the Garden Club of America. No organization in garden club circles offers to its members such a wide field of opportunities and assured prestige. This reporter has sat in many important national and state conferences were the effect of this prestige could be observed. When important decisions were due there was an intangible inference in the atmosphere which stemmed to imply "All those not members of the Garden State of America may now retire to the Jim Crow car."

Better to have failed in the high aim than to succeed vulgarly in the low one" said Browning.

So a committee to explore the possibilities of our being accepted for membership was named by Mrs. Nelson. With Mrs. Corriel as chairman, the committee consisted of Miss Elsie Harmon, Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler, Miss Elizabeth Browne, Miss William Tyler, Mrs. William A. Holliday, Mrs. James Devlin and your historian. Our search for new worlds to conquer began with a meeting at the home of Mrs. William Tyler, on February 21, 1941, when your historian read a letter she had been asked to write to Mrs. Frederic Kellogg, of Morristown Garden Club, prominent garden club personality. The letter would be interesting at this point, but unfortunately it has been lost. Suffice to say, our prise of ourselves was so completely uninhibited that the committee itself was profoundly impressed by the record of performance of the Plainfield Garden Club set forth therein. Shakespeare said "Virtue is bold, and goodness never fearful." After all they could not know our worth unless we told them. This time we forestalled a verdict that we had "accomplished nothing."

It might be interjected here that during Mrs. Goddard's regime an effort was made to join the Garden Club of America. Mrs. Kellogg, approached on that occasion, graciously entertained Mrs. Goddard and Mrs. Holliday at luncheon, and they left with the impression that Plainfield, having rejected an invitation to become a charter member of that organization during Mrs. Herring's tenure, it would be futile ever to hope for membership.

An active campaign was launched by all who had relatives or friends in member clubs. This was accelerated when it was learned that a neighboring club had an identical ambition, and had found a sponsor. Because of geographical allocation, we realized that only one of us would be admitted. When it became apparent that we had aroused interest, and had a semblance of chance for acceptance, a special meeting was called at the home of Mrs. Corriel, and the advantages of membership in the Garden Club of America, as well as the financial obligations thoroughly explored. The club was asked to decide whether they wished the committee to proceed with the negotiations. The vote was unanimously affirmative.

Subsequently Mrs. Kellogg requested that the Morristown Club have the pleasure of proposing us, and Mrs. Lauderdale of Short Hills offered to have that club second us. While we waited for the verdict, our campaign never waned.

On May 11th, 1941, tenth anniversary of Iris Garden, the executive board gave a tea to honor Miss Halloway. Mrs. Holliday arranged a delightful affair in the field house. Members of the garden club and thirty guests were invited. Miss Halloway's friends came from far and near while the Iris Garden glowed in a rainbow of colors for the occasion.

The war which was sweeping over France while Mrs. VanBoskerck's history concluded had now reached our shores. "Come to open purple testament of bleeding war." (King Richard) Our members were working for the U.S.O., the Red Cross and Camp Kilmer, apart and in conjunction with the garden club. Plans were sent to the camp to enhance its barren scenes, and seeds to Brittain. Victory gardens were planted, two new chairmanships were added to the executive board War Activities and Victory Gardens.

In May 1943, we provided vases and began to send flowers regularly to the chapels at Camp Kilmer. This is still being done. Garden books from the Garden Center were placed in the Public Library. Because of gasoline and food rationing it was becoming difficult to hold meetings. Speakers were reluctant to use scarce gasoline and tires for small groups. The war organizations were asking for more things, more effort and more money. The garden club was striving to provide all three.

In June 1943 a delegation from the Garden Club of America came to inspect our members' gardens. Those gardens chosen to head the list were duly explored and approved, but unfortunately the sand of time ran out before they could see them all, and they will never realize all they missed. However, they did see the dogwood planting, the Shakespeare and Iris gardens.

At the annual meeting Mrs. Samuel Carter gave a particularly interesting history of the Shakespeare garden, which was later read by request at the Shakespeare Club. Mrs. Carter said in part: "It has been said that we of the Western World love flowers for what they are, and that the peoples in the East love them for what they suggest. A Shakespeare Garden is full of suggestions, a speaking garden revealing the tradition, folklore and romance of the ancient and timeless plants." Mr. Tracey quoted an authority on the subject as saying that Mrs. Carter's was the finest Shakespeare Garden in the country and that over 15,000 people visited it last year.

Mrs. Coriell announced at the executive board meeting February 2nd, 1944, that Plainfield Garden Club had been elected to membership in the Garden Club of America, and letters of welcome received from sponsoring clubs. It had required three years to reach the new horizons, but a poet once said, "A horizon is nothing but the limit of our sight" so each one attained shows another beckoning in the distance.

Because of rationing, meetings were held in semi-public places of central location. Speakers stressed every phase of conservation. Garden club members were working hard at Camp Kilmer, for the Red Cross and the U.S.O.

In 1945 we became a Founder of the Blue Star Drive, our members contributing generously to this beautiful tribute to the men who served in the armed forces. It is hoped, and the hope is rapidly being fulfilled, that ultimately it will stretch from New Jersey to California.

A new custom was instituted, that of sending a sum of money to the Red Wood Tribute Grove in memory of deceased members. This year, 1945, a dance recital was given to help defray expenses of war activities. Naturally it was under the chairmanship of Miss Maud vonBoskerck, whose motto might well be "Music is my talent my dearest one." It was very successful artistically and financially.

We helped the New York Botanical Garden celebrate its Fiftieth Anniversary by sending hostesses every day for a week, and by a substantial sum of money for plant research.

In 1945 Lyons Hospital was included on our flower and plant list, and we have continued to supply it weekly for two months of each year. Flowering trees were planted along Blue Star Drive in memory of members' sons lost in the war.

Mrs. Samuel Carter and Miss Harriette Halloway received awards from the Garden Club of New Jersey for their work in Shakespeare and Iris gardens respectively.

Besides bouquets were made twice a week for the wards at Camp Kilmer, beginning in May. Our members volunteered to arrange them.

By this time we were discovering that those "new worlds to conquer" for which we had longed, were providing more opportunities than we could well cope with, and so a junior membership was formed, now numbering six.

The associate membership was enlarged to thirty-five so that active members might be enabled to transfer to it. A questionnaire was sent of work they wished to do. In a Garden Club of America contest for a year's program, Miss Halloway's won honorable mention.

Beginning early in December members of the club met every day in Mrs. Boardman Tyler's studio to make Christmas decorations for the hospital at Camp Kilmer. A big fire blazed in the stove, tons of varied evergreens were provided as well as all other necessary equipment. The studio hummed like Santa Claus' workshop, and great quantities of wreaths with large red bows, small bouquets and other favors emerged to cheer the soldiers at Camp Kilmer and Lyons Hospitals. Joyce Kilmer, for whom the camp was named, wrote of his experience in the other World War: "My shoulders ache beneath my pack, Lie easier cross upon his back" We hoped we eased their burden just a little.

The opportunities offered by the Garden Club of America in the field of conservation are so many and so varied, it was necessary to choose which tangent to pursue. In view of the community and national problems of vandalism and child delinquency, it was thought wise to concentrate the major effort in combating these evils. Working through the public schools seemed the most logical procedure. Mr. Wimer of Jefferson School and Mrs. Rulison of the Park Commission have offered sympathetic cooperation. The first step in the program is the establishment of school gardens, now in process of being planted. The garden club provided the funds. A trial garden, or proving bed was started in Cedarbrook Park in 1946. This year many new perennials were added.

Mrs. Hubble's artistic ability was employed so successfully in redecorating the Garden Center, this observer could scarcely recognize it.

The Garden Club of New Jersey bestowed an award upon us for meritorious work at Camp Kilmer. Miss Halloway has made additions to the peony, Iris and Narcissus gardens. It again became necessary to raise money, and a repeat performance by request, of the dance recital was staged by Miss Van Boskerck.

A suggestion from the Garden Club of New Jersey that we plant a tree to honor garden weekled, after consultation with Mr. Tracey, to the beginning of a dogwood arboretum comprising all the varieties that will grow in this vicinity. Twenty-five varieties have already been planted.

Santa Claus helpers gathered again in Mrs. Tyler's studio to make decorations for Camp Kilmer, and surpassed their effort of the previous year. Our work in this Project was not equaled by that of any club either year.

A thrill of pride must have quivered through our membership from founders to newest recruits, triumphs of our members who exhibited in the New York Flower Show. In the realm of flower arrangement there is no more coveted award than the Fenwick Medal. Our Mrs. deHart was runner up fro that prize last year. This year four exhibits won three blue ribbons and two special awards. It was a magnificent performance which won for us third place in the sweepstakes.

Chapel flowers still are sent to Camp Kilmer. Our members arrange them. We take our turn with the other clubs supplying flowers for the entire hospital regularly from gardens when possible, from florists in cold weather. Two gray Ladies representing Plainfield Garden Club, arrange and distribute the flowers through the wards. The by-laws were again revised and new books issued for the permanent covers.

The executive committee has not overlooked the fact that a War Memorial is of paramount interest to the garden club. Much time as been spent in discussion and deep thought given the matter. Mrs. Boardman Tyler has been named a member of the committee. This year we are sending a teacher to the Audubon Nature Camp in Maine, and another to the Conservation Workshop in Trenton.

Several members have been invited to speak on varied subjects, notably Mrs. Garret Smith on Church Gardens, and Miss Halloway on horticultural subjects. Mrs. Garret has been honored as founder of the Little Garden Club of New York City, of which she is honorary president.

A big of biographical information picked up while perusing the minutes is that our new president, Mrs. Loziuex, became a member of the club in 1940, second vice president in 1942, again in 1945, first vice president in 1946 and president in 1947.

Having been a member of the club only ten years, your historian cannot speak with absolute authority, but thinks it probably that the club reached greater heights of achievement under this administration of Mrs. Tyler than during any comparable period of time. This is partly true because of the new opportunities offered by affiliation with the Garden Club of America, and partly due to Mrs. Tyler's dynamic energy and her determination that the Plainfield Garden Club take advantage of these opportunities and assume its rightful position in the vanguard of progressive garden clubs.

Junius described Mrs. Tyler perfectly when he wrote: "the heart to conceive, the understanding to direct and the hand to execute."

We notice as we go over the chronicles of the garden club, the absence of names once listed so frequently:

Those whom we loved so long, and see no more
Loved and still love,
Not dead, but gone before.

If we ever adopt a coat of arms, it might well show crossed trowels over a field of flower arrangements, the other expounding the futility of vandalism to a young cub. And the motto? It must be from Shakespeare, and it is from The Tempest: Now would I give a thousand furlongs of sea for an acre of barren ground.

Or if we choose to abandon the classics: Never a dull moment!

Etheldreda Anderegg
Historian, 1947

May 17, 1957 Club Commemorates Founding of Iris Garden

Caption: GARDEN MARKER VIEWED – Standing before the marker commemorating the 25th anniversary of the Iris Garden in Cedar Brook Park are (left to right) Mrs. Frederick Lockwood, Victor B. King, Jr., John C. Wister, Mr. Richard Tracy and Miss Harriette R. Halloway, founder of this garden. (Courier photo by E. T. Wiggins)

The Plainfield Garden Club and guests yersterday dedicated the the entranceway of the of the Iris Garden in Cedar Brook Park.

Miss Harriette R. Halloway, found of the garden and chairman of the garden of the Iris Garden [not legible] the project was started in 1932, was presented a medal by Mrs. Frederick M. Lockwood, president of the Garden Club.

The medal is [not legible] "from the grateful members of the Plainfield Garden Club Harriette R. Halloway founder and director of the Iris gardens of Cedar Brook Park, Plainfield, 1932 - 1957."

[Not legible] viewed a recently installed [not legible] tablet marking the anniversary of the garden.

"Excercise in Perfection"
Victor R. King, president of the Union County Park Commission, led the gathering [not legible] the garden display was "an excercise in perfection is [not legible]," he said.

The park commission provides the setting for the garden and have [not legible] in the project [not legible]

W. [not legible] Tracy, executive had of the Park Commission when the Iris Garden was started paid tribute to Miss Halloway for her "tireless work and painstaking effort."

Another speaker was Dr. John C. Wister of Swarthmore, Pa., president of the American Iris Society when the garden was started and author of [not legible] article about the garden in the current issue of the Journal of the New York Botanical Gardens.

Miss Halloway spoke briefly and [not legible] on the work of the [not legible] who care for the Iris Garden. She introduced Kenneth Smith, one of the largest contributors of plants to the garden [not legible]

Mrs. Lockwood presided at the program. Guests included members of [not legible] garden clubs and contributors to the garden.

The Iris Garden Committee includes Mrs. Morris E. Benton, Mrs. Alden de Hart, Mrs. Lockwood, Mrs. Donald E. Luce, Mrs. William K. Dunbar, Jr., Mrs. C. Northrop Pond, Mrs. Webster Sandford, Mrs. Arthur D. Seybold, Mrs. John R. Wells, Mrs. Willian G. Wigton, Mrs. Robert MacLeod, vice chairman, and Miss Halloway, chairman.

Special slides [not legible] for the chairman were Mrs. Charles A. Eaton, Jr., Mrs. F. Willoughby Frost ad Mrs. Edwin M. Treat, Jr.

Mrs. Victor M. King was chairman of the special committee assisted by Mrs. J. Harold Loizeaux, Mrs. E. B. Newberry, and Miss Margaret Tyler. Also cooperating were Mrs. N. C. Barnhart, Jr., Mrs. William P. Elliott, Mrs. Homer Cochran and Mrs. H. I. Flanders.

Hostesses (not legible)
Other hostesses were Mrs. William W. Coriell, Mrs. Leslie E. Fort, Mrs. William A. Holliday, Mrs. Richard M. Lawton, Mrs. Robert T. Stevens, Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler, Mrs. William S. Tyler. Mrs. Thomas Van Boskerck and Mrs. Orville G. Waring.

The Iris Garden now has more than 1,800 named varieties properly labeled, representing all types of Iris and totaling more than 75,000 plants.

The main part of the garden is [not legible] caring Iris [not legible] and is expected to be is good blooms thorugh the rest of the month.

Founders of Hillside Cemetary Association

https://www.hillsidecemetery.com/historical.html

Founders of The Hillside Cemetery Association

Charles Potter, Jr.

Mason W. Tyler

Augustus C. Baldwin

Alexander Gilbert

William B. Wadsworth

John W. Murray

Lemuel W. Serrell

Augustus D. Shepard

Email from Elisabeth Loizeaux to Susan Fraser February 13, 2011

Hello Susan,

The collection of botanical prints I gave Sally, are in no way connected with the postcard projects. They belonged to Marion Foster Loizeaux, my mother-in-law. I gave them to PGC in the hope that they could be used in a fund raiser, maybe even at an annual meeting "boutique". There are so many that your intent of posting them on line does not seem practical.

The following is a description I found on the internet:

Mary Vaux Walcott
These beautiful first edition lithographs are from Mary Vaux Walcott's North American Wildflowers, published in 1925 by the Smithsonian Institution. Each large folio print is based on Walcott's original watercolors from her many trips across North America and throughout the Canadian Rockies. Her work was praised for both its beauty and accuracy, and Walcott was often called the "Audubon of botany," a notable accomplishment during a time when few American women were visible in the field of scientific rese

The postcards were a GCA project. Each club had to choose a NATIVE plant in their State, it was meant, I'm sure, to educate folks –– Now, as to playing at Mrs. Tyler's (I assume it is Mrs. Boardman Tyler) My husband Peter also played at Mrs. Tyler's, except he played squash on her private squash court. He also "played" in Rome, at Mrs. Tyler's daughter's home. She was married at the time to an Italian painter, Len Creo, who when visiting Plainfield, painted portraits of "locals" – the one he painted of my mother-in-law is hanging here in our apartment in Boston. It actually doesn't look very much like her. My husband, who was at the time on a three months trip around the world, is rumored to have danced on one leg at the above mentioned party in Rome. He was 25 years old, we have been married 50 years, rest assured that I have never seen him dance on one leg. So it must have been quite a party.

Regards,

Elisabeth

Mrs. Tyler's son-in-law Len Creo

Archives of American Art
Smithsonian
Physical Details: Photographic print : 1 item : b&w ; 11 x 16 cm.

Creator: unidentified photographer

Description: Identification on verso (handwritten): Rocky Neck, Gloucester, MA- 1958 + 1959 L. Creo + "The Studio that became a gallery."

Forms part of: Leonard Creo papers [ca. 1951]-2004

Citation: Leonard Creo and others at the door of his studio, 1958 or 1959 / unidentified photographer. Leonard Creo papers, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Request a copy of this image

Digital ID: 7937

Len Creo

back of photo

Leonard Creo

Birth/Death Lived/Active Often Known For
1923 (New York, New York)
- United States portrait, genre, sculptor

Methods
* Easel Painting
* Printmaking, Graphic Art and Graphic Design
* Sculpture, Sculptor

Media
* Oil Paint

Subjects
* Figure, Figurative
* Genre, Human Activity
* Portrait


Schools
* Art Students League of New York, Student

Chronology
* Late 20th Century After 1950

Added Description
* Genre Specialty

525 West Seventh Street

Plainfield Library

G-533 1934 Y Grimstead House at 525 West Seventh Street 525 West 7th Street Second Empire house with two-storey bay on right side, railing around base of mansard roof, porte cochere at left, Miss Elizabeth Knoebber.

901 Madison Avenue

Plainfield Library Photo File

G-374 1934 Y Grimstead House at 901 Madison Avenue 901 Madison Avenue Victorian eclectic with double hip roof and full porch with extension at right, awning over entrance steps. Van Wyck Brooks

From the Plainfield Library

http://www.plainfieldlibrary.info/Departments/LH/LH_founders.html

Library Founders

Colonel Mason Whiting Tyler

Mason Whiting Tyler was born in Amherst, Massachusetts on June 17, 1840. His father, Professor William S. Tyler, taught at Amherst College. The earliest ancestors of the Tyler family came to America in 1860, and Tyler descends from such men as Governor Bradford of the Mayflower and Aaron Burr (his grandmother's cousin on his mother's side). In addition, six of Colonel Tyler's ancestors are Revolutionary patriots: Robert Ogden, speaker of the New Jersey Colonial Assembly; Timothy Edwards; Dr. William Whiting, who was prominent for his services and experiments in the manufacture of gun-powder for the Continental Army; Lieut. Jonathan Seymour; Captain John Tyler, and Deacon John Tyler, Jr.

Upon graduating from Amherst College in 1862, Mason Tyler enlisted in the Army, where he gradually rose up until reaching the rank of Colonel. He was wounded in battle several times, including at the Battle of Winchester, and participated in thirty Civil War battles in all.

At the close of the war, he entered Columbia College Law School. He formed a law partnership in New York with General H. E. Tremain in 1869. Also in that year, he married Miss Eliza M. Schroeder. The couple had two sons: William Seymour and Cornelius Boardman. The family moved to Plainfield, NJ in 1871, where Tyler maintained a personal library collection of rare and valuable works. He resided at 525 West Seventh Street.

During his lifetime, he was involved with many civic organizations including: two terms on the Plainfield Common Council, five years on the Board of Education, membership on the Society of Mayflower Descendants and the Society of Colonial Wars. He was a co-founder and Vice President of the board of directors of the Plainfield Public Library, and one of the first trustees of Muhlenberg Hospital. He was also affiliated with the Music Hall Association, Children's Home, Town Improvement Association, Organized Aid Association of Plainfield, and the New Jersey Historical Society.

Colonel Tyler passed away on July 2, 1907, just nine months after his beloved wife. He died unexpectedly in New York Presbyterian Hospital following a surgical procedure from which he was supposed to have recovered. He bequeathed $10,000 to the Library with the stipulation that the investment income be used for the purchase of books chosen by the Library Board. Honoring a personal interest of Tyler's, the Board selected books that dealt with United States history and Americana many of which remain in the collection today.

Items of Interest

Home at 525 West Seventh Street

Organized Aid Association of Plainfield

Children's Home of Plainfield

Organized Aid Association Advert in the Plainfield Daily Press, November 11, 1899

Tyler Obituary from the Plainfield Daily Press

From the Plainfield Library

http://www.plainfieldlibrary.info/Departments/LH/LH_founders.html

Library Founders

Colonel Mason Whiting Tyler

Mason Whiting Tyler was born in Amherst, Massachusetts on June 17, 1840. His father, Professor William S. Tyler, taught at Amherst College. The earliest ancestors of the Tyler family came to America in 1860, and Tyler descends from such men as Governor Bradford of the Mayflower and Aaron Burr (his grandmother's cousin on his mother's side). In addition, six of Colonel Tyler's ancestors are Revolutionary patriots: Robert Ogden, speaker of the New Jersey Colonial Assembly; Timothy Edwards; Dr. William Whiting, who was prominent for his services and experiments in the manufacture of gun-powder for the Continental Army; Lieut. Jonathan Seymour; Captain John Tyler, and Deacon John Tyler, Jr.

Upon graduating from Amherst College in 1862, Mason Tyler enlisted in the Army, where he gradually rose up until reaching the rank of Colonel. He was wounded in battle several times, including at the Battle of Winchester, and participated in thirty Civil War battles in all.

At the close of the war, he entered Columbia College Law School. He formed a law partnership in New York with General H. E. Tremain in 1869. Also in that year, he married Miss Eliza M. Schroeder. The couple had two sons: William Seymour and Cornelius Boardman. The family moved to Plainfield, NJ in 1871, where Tyler maintained a personal library collection of rare and valuable works. He resided at 525 West Seventh Street.

During his lifetime, he was involved with many civic organizations including: two terms on the Plainfield Common Council, five years on the Board of Education, membership on the Society of Mayflower Descendants and the Society of Colonial Wars. He was a co-founder and Vice President of the board of directors of the Plainfield Public Library, and one of the first trustees of Muhlenberg Hospital. He was also affiliated with the Music Hall Association, Children's Home, Town Improvement Association, Organized Aid Association of Plainfield, and the New Jersey Historical Society.

Colonel Tyler passed away on July 2, 1907, just nine months after his beloved wife. He died unexpectedly in New York Presbyterian Hospital following a surgical procedure from which he was supposed to have recovered. He bequeathed $10,000 to the Library with the stipulation that the investment income be used for the purchase of books chosen by the Library Board. Honoring a personal interest of Tyler's, the Board selected books that dealt with United States history and Americana many of which remain in the collection today.

Items of Interest

Home at 525 West Seventh Street

Organized Aid Association of Plainfield

Children's Home of Plainfield

Organized Aid Association Advert in the Plainfield Daily Press, November 11, 1899

Tyler Obituary from the Plainfield Daily Press
http://www.plainfieldlibrary.info/images/Departments/LocalHistory/Obit_Tyler.png

Hillside Cemetery

September 14, 2011
Photo by S. Fraser

Tyler monument off to the left

Hillside Cemetery

Front of the monument

Hillside Cemetery

Back of monument.

Susan Tyler's name is not listed here with her husband, brother and sister-in-law.

December 11, 1903

Daily Princetonian, Volume 28, Number 140, 11 December 1903 – GLEE CLUB CONCERT In Plainfield To-night. Program and List of Patronesses.

GLEE CLUB CONCERT

In Plainfield To-night. Program and List of Patronesses.

The second concert of the Glee, Banjo and Mandolin Clubs will be given in the Casino of Plainfield, N. J., to-night at 8.15 o'clock. The clubs will leave Princeton to-day at 1.21 p. m., and arrive at Elizabeth at 2.20. Leaving Elizabeth on the C. R. R. of N. J. at 2.35, they will reach Plainfield at 3.03. The men will be entertained at the homes of the Princeton alumni, and immediately after the concert adance will be given in honor of the clubs. On the return trip the men will leave Plainfield on Saturday at 9.40 a. m., reaching Elizabeth at 10.04, leave at 10.06, and arrive in Princeton at 11. The program of the concert follows: PART FIRST. 1. Old Nassau, Carmina Princetonia Glee Club. 2. A Rag Time Ball, J. H.Jennings Banjo Club. 3. 1904 Medley, Arranged by K. S. Clark Glee Club. 4. Selections from Babes in Toyland, Herbert Mandolin Club. 5. Fantasienstuck, Arranged Banjo Club. PART SECOND. 1. Step Song, Carmina Princetonia Glee Club. 2. Gondoliere, Nevin Mandolin Club. 3. The 1904 Rakion, Joseph Chapman Banjo Club. 4. Solo, Selected Mr. Truesdale. 5. Espanola Viva, Arranged Glee and Mandolin Clubs. 6. The White Crow, Paul Eno Banjo Club. PART THIRD. 1. Bedelia, Schwartz Mandolin and Banjo Clubs. 2. Selection, Arranged Glee Club. 3. Danse Caprice, Grieg Mandolin Club. 4. Triangle Song, Carmina Princetonia Glee, Banjo and Mandolin Clubs. The patronesses are as follows : Mrs. Charles F. Abbott, Mrs. Frederick H. Andrews, Mrs. Ernest R. Ackerman, Mrs. John T. Baker, Mrs. Eliot T. Barrows, Mrs. James R. Blake, Mrs. Charles I. Brooks, Mrs Howard W. Beebe, Mrs. E. H. Booth, Mrs. P. W. Bakely, Mrs. P. T. Brown, Mrs. J. Hervey Buchanan, Mrs. J. Edgar Corlies, Mrs. George A. Chapman, Mrs. J. B. Dumont, Mrs. M. E. Egerton, Mrs. Chapman Fisk, Mrs. Howard Fleming, Mrs. Walter Gaston, Mrs. Wm. T. Gaugh, Mrs. John F. Harmon, Mrs. Ellis W. Hedges, Mrs. Eugene H. Hatch, Mrs. W. E. Honeyman, Mrs. James Hayes, Mrs. Samuel Huntington, Mrs. Henry L. Hall, Mrs. Henry C. Irons, Mrs. D. C. Ivins, Mrs. William T. Kaufman, Mrs. William E. Lowe, Mrs. Edward H. Ladd, Jr., Mrs. E. L. Mack, Mrs. George P. Mellick, Mrs. H. Raymond Munger, Mrs. William H. Murray, Mrs. Henry A. McGee, Mrs. Walter Mc- Gee, Mrs. Samuel St. J. McCutchen, Mrs. Frank S. Martin, Mrs. Theodore W. Morris, Jr., Mrs. F. G. Meade, Mrs. Arthur J. Otterson, Mrs. D. W. Pond, Mrs. W. G. Peckham, Mrs. W. A. Pinto, Mrs. Joseph W. Reinhart, Mrs. David Rowland, Mrs. George S. Ring, Mrs. George T. Rogers, Mrs. Joseph M. Shellabarger, Mrs. Walter E. Stewart, Mrs. Lemuel W. Serrell, Mrs. Alfred F. H. Streuli, Mrs. Henry M. Stockton, Mrs. Joseph W. Sandford, Jr., Mrs. C. L. Sykes, Mrs. R. B. Strong, Mrs. George A. Strong, Mrs Duncan W. Taylor, Mrs. Evarts Tracy, Mrs. Lewis G. Timpson, Mrs. Mason Tyler, Mrs. Edward M. Van Buren, Mrs. George W. Van Boskerck, Mrs. A. Vandewater, Mrs. J. Vandewater, Mrs. William B. Wadsworth, Mrs. Orville T. Waring, Mrs. Lewis E. Waring, Mrs. Theodore D. Wilson, Mrs. E. Woltman, Mrs. John S. Zelie.

The Berkshire Eagle, Saturday, Sept. 13, 1969

Susan Whittlesey To Be Bride of Thomas Wolf at 1 P.M.

Miss Susan Whittlesey and Thomas Anthony Wolf will be married at 1 this afternoon. Their parents are Mr. and Mrs. William A. Whittlesey III of 380 Holmes Road and Mr. and Mrs. Willis C. Wolf of San Francisco.

The Very Rev. Malcolm W. Eckel, assisted by the Rev. Andrew F. Wisseman, will officiate at the ceremony in the garden at the home of the bride's parents. Raphael Hillyer, founder and former violinist of the Julliard Quartet, will be soloist. Folksinger Bill Crofut, the bride's cousin, will play banjo and French horn, and Christopher Brubeck will play trombone. A reception will follow in the adjoining field.

The bride will wear the gown and veil worn by her great-aunt also formerly Susan Whittlesey, at her marriage in 1908 to Cornelius Boardman Tyler. It is of ivory silk and satin, trimmed with antique Venetian lace and with Brussels lace from the wedding gown of the bride's mother.

Choir of Friends

Miss Jane Whittlesey, the bride's sister, will be maid of honor. She will wear white dotted swiss with red velvet. The bride will also be attended by a choir of her friends who will wear red and white robes and will be led by honor attendants, Mrs. Oscar E. Clark II the bride's sister, and Mrs. Robert R. Allen. Others will be Mrs. David G. Whittlesey, Mrs. J. Nicholas Edwards, Mrs. Hugh N. Scott, Mrs. William F. Malarney, Mrs. Ichizo Yamamotoa, Miss Margaret B. Kinder, Mrs. Hillyer, Mrs. Norman R. C. McGrath, Mrs. Richard I. Stillinger and Miss Susan G. Washburn.

Mr. Wolf will be best man for his son. Richard L. Holland, David G. Whittlesey, the bride's brother, Mr. Clark II, Mr. Allen and Mr. Stillinger will user.

Author of Two Books

After a short trip through New England, the could will life in New York. The bride is an associate editor on the staff of the Reader's Digest Condensed Book Club. She was graduated from Miss Hall's School and cum laude from Smith College. She taught for a year in Toyjo at Bunka Gakun, a high school and college, and was assistant editor of Volunteer, the Peace Corps magazine in Washington, D. C.

She is author of two books for young adults, "U.S. Peace Corps: the Challenge of Good Will" published by Coward-McCann in 1953 and "Vista; the Challenge to Poverty," scheduled of January 1970 publication by the same company.

Mr. Wolf, who is an assistant vice president of the First National City Bank of New York, was graduated from Amherst College in 1962, having studied his junior year at the University of Vienna. He received his M.B.A. degree from Columbia University in 1965 and is completing requirements for a doctorate in economics at New York University.

http://www.newspaperarchive.com/SiteMap/FreePdfPreview.aspx?img=102020724

Photo by Dan Damon

October 20, 2011

Frank B. Bennett & Company 1912

The Plainfield Trust Co.

On the fourth day of June, ten years ago, the Plainfield Trust Company of Plainfield, N.J., opened for business in an unpretentious store on one of the principal streets on that city. In three years, when by its aggressive methods it had acquired a deposit line of one and a half million dollars, it moved into its handsome building on Park avenue which it now occupies, and which is not only the most imposing edifice in Plainfield but is one of the finest banking houses in the State of New Jersey. In its new home the business of the institution has continued to prosper under the efficient management of its energetic and capable staff of officers until today the company reports deposits of four millions of dollars and a surplus and undivided profit account of two hundred and forty thousand dollars, or nearly two and a half times the amount of its capital.

In addition to the four million of deposits, the company has in its custody a million and a half of trust funds which are kept separate and apart from its assets. This trust business is but another indication of the confidence which the institution has won during the comparatively short period of its existence – a confidence that is based on the character of the service which has been rendered but on the personnel of its directors, all of whom are representative men in the community and who bring to the business the inspiration of some New York City's most important business activities as may be seen from the following:

LIST OF DIRECTORS
and their connections: J. Herbert Case, vice-president Franklen Trust Co., Brooklyn; Frederick Geller, attorny and counseller-at-law, New York; Augustus V. Heely, vice-president The Farmers' Loan and Trust Co., New York; James W. Jackson, executor of the Jesse Hoyt Estate, New York; Edward H. Ladd, Jr. & Wood Bankers, New York; Charles W. McCutchen, Holt & Co., Commision Merchants, New York; Henry A. McGee, Standard Oil Co., New York; Walter M. McGee, Vacuum Oil Co., New York; Charles A. Reed, attorney and counsellor-at-law, New York; Isaac W. Rushmore, dairy products, New York; Frank H. Smith, register Union County, Elizabeth, N.J., Samuel Townsend, president Peoples National Bank, Westfield, N.J., Cornelius B. Tyler, Tyler & Tyler, attorneys, New York; Lewis E. Waring, Edward Sweet & Co., bankers, New York; and Orville T. Waring, Standard Oil Co., New Jersey.

Mr. H. H. Pond, secretary of the company, assumed this position two years ago, and during his uncumbency the deposits have increased from about $2,750,000 to $4,000,000. Mr. Pond has also been president of the New Jersey Bankers Association during the past year and in that capacity has won many friends both for himself and for the institution which he represents.

The Plainfield Trust Company conducts a banking trust, special, safe deposit and "banking by mail" department. Through the latter the institution has extended its operation all over New Jersey, and there are few towns in the state in which some of its deposits may not be found.

http://books.google.com/books?id=4wkhAQAAMAAJ&pg=RA2-PA44&lpg=RA2-PA44&dq=edward+h.+ladd+new+jersey&source=bl&ots=dm0GnDDx-W&sig=YQvKfBNAEj2-SnuL0oqvlP4dhJ8&hl=en#v=onepage&q=edward%20h.%20ladd%20new%20jersey&f=false

From Automobile Topics 1908

Several weddings of interest to society in Lenox and Pittsfield in the Berkshires are to take place during the Christmas holidays. Miss Susan Tilden Whittlesey, is to be married to Mr. Cornelius Boardman Tyler, of Plainfield, N.J., at Mrs. Whittlesey's home, in Pittsfield on Tuesday, December 29.

August 26, 1894 New York Times Article: Plainfield, City of Homes

Some of the others who do business in New York and have handsome homes here are ex-Mayor Z. V. F. Randolph, manager of the Tilden trust.

Susan Tilden Whittlesey Tyler

Daughter of the American Revolution 1920

Born in Florence, Wis.

Wife of Cornelius Boardman Tyler.
Descendant of Ensign John Whittlesey, Capt. Jacob Gould, and Ensign Samuel Jones.

Daughter of Ebenezer R. Whittlesey and Ann Eliza White, hiw wife; Henry A. Tilden and Susan Gould, his wife.

Gr-granddaughter of Matthew Beale Whittlesey and Hannah White, his wife; Elam Tilden and Polly Younglove Jones, his wife; Jacob Gould, 3rd, and Ruby Swan, his wife.

Gr-gr-granddaughter of John Whilltesey and Mary Bealte, his wife; Samuel Jones and Parthenia Patterson, his wife; Jacob Gould, 2nd, and Ruth Peabody, his wife.

Gr-gr-gr-grandaughter of Jacob Gould, 1st, and Elizabeth Tonwe, hiw wife.

John Whittlesey (1741 - 1812) recruited men, forwarded supplies and served on the alarm list. Hi scommission of ensign is still in the family. He was born and died in Salisbury, Conn.

Also Nos. 13074, 17902, 21606

Jacob Gould (1728 - 1809) commanded a company in Col. Samuel Johnson's Essex County, Mass., regiment at the Lexington Alarm, and was captain of Continental Infantry, 1776. He was born in Topsfield, Mass.

Samuel Jones (1752 - 1836) served as ensign in the New York Continental line. He was placed on the pension roll of Columbia County at the age of eighty-one. He was born in Cornwall, Conn.; died in New Lebananon, N. Y.

Also No. 16927

Samuel Jones Tilden

Uncle to Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler

Samuel Jones Tilden (February 9, 1814 August 4, 1886) was the Democratic candidate for the U.S. presidency in the disputed election of 1876, one of the most controversial American elections of the 19th century. He was the 25th Governor of New York. A political reformer, he was a Bourbon Democrat who worked closely with the New York City business community, led the fight against the corruption of Tammany Hall, and fought to keep taxes low.

Tilden was born in New Lebanon in New York State. He was descended from Nathaniel Tilden, an early English settler who came to America in 1634. He studied law at Yale, then transferred to New York University where he graduated in 1837.[1] He was admitted to the bar in 1841, becoming a skilled corporate lawyer, with many railroad companies as clients in the shaky railroad boom decade of the 1850s. His legal practice,[2] combined with shrewd investments, made him rich.

In 1848, largely on account of his personal attachment to Martin Van Buren, he participated in the revolt of the "Barnburners" or Free-Soil faction of the New York Democrats. He was among the few such who did not join the Republican Party and, in 1855, was the candidate of the Soft faction for New York State Attorney General.

Tilden became chairman of the Democratic State Committee after the Civil War. After having good relations to William M. Tweed and working closely together with him in the Democratic Party,[3] Tilden came into conflict with the Tweed ring of New York City. Corrupt New York judges were the ring's tools, and Tilden, after entering the New York State Assembly in 1872 to promote the cause of reform, took a leading part in the judges' impeachment trials. By analyzing the bank accounts of certain members of the ring, he obtained legal proof of the principle on which the spoils had been divided. As a reform-spirited Governor in 1874, he turned his attention to a second set of plunderers, the "Canal Ring", made up of members of both parties who had been systematically robbing New York State through the maladministration of its canals. Tilden succeeded in breaking them up.

His successful service as governor gained him the presidential nomination.

Samuel Jones Tilden

Later life
Samuel TildenTilden counseled his followers to abide quietly by the result. His health failed after 1876 and he retired from politics, living as a recluse at his 110-acre (0.45 km2) estate, Graystone,(Greystone) near Yonkers, New York. He died a bachelor in 1886 at Graystone on August 4, 1886 at 8 a.m. He is buried at Cemetery of the Evergreens at New Lebanon in Columbia County, New York.[7] In reference to the 1876 election, Tilden's gravestone bears the words, "I Still Trust in The People".

Of his fortune (estimated at $7,000,000) approximately $4,000,000 was bequeathed for the establishment and maintenance of a free public library and reading-room in the City of New York; but, as the will was successfully contested by relatives, only about $3,000,000 of the bequest was applied to its original purpose; in 1895, the Tilden Trust was combined with the Astor and Lenox libraries to found the New York Public Library, whose building bears his name on its front.

The Samuel J. Tilden House at 15 Gramercy Park South, he owned from 1860 until his death is now used by the National Arts Club.

The Gov. Samuel J. Tilden Monument was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.[8] The Graystone property is now known as Untermyer Park and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.[8]

Tilden Trust

L. V. F. Randolph (Fitz Randolph) was a manager of Tilden's fortune and the Tilden Trust became a famous legal battle. Mr. Randolph was related to PGC Members Mrs. Harry Godley (Jennie Fitz Randolph) Runkle '15 and Mrs. James Harold (Jean Fitz Randolph Heiberg) Whitehead '43.

There is a book titled "L.V .F. Randolph" by Blossom Randolph
http://books.google.com/books?
id=zQSq8guLl6cC&pg=PA29&lpg
=PA29&dq=randolph+and+the+
tilden+trust&source=bl&ots=
EBiVP5jnXM&sig=azAGoE1k1me
CTDI_HH0YLP1is8o&hl=en#v=
onepage&q=randolph%20and%20
the%20tilden%20trust&f=false

Page 28

In March, 1892, something over five and a half millions of Mr. Tilden's estate was divided among the heirs. This money was brought in cash to the large dining room of Governor Tilden's mansion in Grammercy Park, and deposited in two safes, a couple of days before the divison. Mr. Randolph and one of the two clerks slept in this room to guard the treasure for two nights. Mr. Randolph computed the share of each heiar up to the minute of the divison, with interest, and had each parcel (there were about a dozen heirs) in a separate pile. Upon the day of the division the very large room was thronged with the heirs, their lawyers and their expert accountants. Also the executors and the trustees with their lawyers, and the clerks of the estate were present. Each heir was given his parcel of money and securities which was carefully examined by the interested parties, their lawyers and accountants and all were satisfied as to the correctness of each share to the last penny. One of the expert accountants told his brother, who was a rich man, that in all his experience he had never seen books of accounts so beautifully kept, so exact, and so easy of comprehension. Afterwards, when Mr. Randolph was president of a trust company, this wealthy brother of the accountant bought all the shares of the trust company that were for sale, saying that he wished to buy all that was possible from the company presided over by the man who superintended the Tilden bookkeeping. Mr. Randolph mentioned this to his wife and said smilingly to her that he hoped the buyer would make some money by the transaction. This hope was gratified, for he did make a considerable profit.

Mr. Bigelow in publishing the "Life of Samuel J. Tilden" mentions the fact that Mr. L. V. F. Randolph, who had been for many years a director and treasurer of the Illinois Central Railroad, was appointed the secretary of the executors and trustees under Mr. Tilden's will, to the duties of which position were subsequently added those of secretary of the Tilden Trust.

http://originalsite.stephentowngenealogy.com/tilden.html

Youth of Samuel J. Tilden


From a farmer's boy, Samuel Tilden rose to be the most famous lawyer of his day. He was born at New Lebanon, NY February, 1814, and was the fifth of eight children of Elam and Polly Tilden. The boy's father, although a farmer, was an intimate friend of Martin Van Buren (from Kinderhook, NY), President of the United States from 1837 to 1841, and the Tilden household was much given to discussing political questions relating to him. The elder Mr. Tilden being a great upholder of the politics of his friend. His son Samuel, who early showed himself possessed of a keen, quick mind and clever conversational gifts, also took great interest in public questions. When he was only 18 years old, a manifesto prepared by him was considered worthy of adoption by the state Democratic party. The same year, the young man entered Yale college, but his studies, interrupted by ill health, were finished at the University of New York. He was admitted to the bar in 1841 and at once took an active part in public affairs. Tilden was elected to the New York assembly in 1845 and held numerous other state offices. He was prominent in the contest which finally retired the dishonest Tweed ring in New York City, and in 1874 was elected governor of New York State. In 1876 he was a candidate for the presidency, but Rutherford B. Hayes was declared to be entitled to the presidency by the electoral commission. Although urged to again permit the use of his name as a presidential candidate he declined. His death occurred August 4, 1886, at his county home, Greystone, Westchester County, NY. His fortune of $5,000,000 was left to found a system of free public libraries in New York City. - Fort Wayne Sentinel August 17, 1901

SAMUEL J. TILDEN DEAD
He dies at Greystone after 24 hours
Serious Illness - Sketch of His Life
August 4, 1886


Samuel J. Tilden died at 8:50 o'clock Wednesday morning, at his country residence, Greystone, Yonkers. His serious illness was brief and his death entirely unexpected. On Tuesday, he was able to be up and about the house, although suffering from a sharp turn of his old complaint, indigestion, and he had come safely through other attacks which had seemed to be much nore severe so that no alarm was felt in his household.

He looked more of an invalid than he was because he suffered from paralysis agitans, or trembling palsy which is an entirely different disease from paralysis. This caused the shaking motion of his left hand and a weakness of the lower jaw. It had no effect on his health. His arm was crippled by rheumatism, which had stiffened at the wrist joint.

Since his retirement to Greystone, Mr. Tilden has been very methodical in his daily liife. He rose at 6 o'clock, looked over the morning newspapers, breakfasted at 8 o'clock, listened to reading, talked or dictated to his ainanuensls (NOTE: print on newspaper is not clear, but this is what it looks like), John Cahill, until lunch time at 1 o'clock. In the afternoon he went out for a drive or a sail in his steam yacht, Viking, returning to dine at 6:30. Sometimes he walked around his magnificent place to look at his stock or at improvements which were being made. He could never bear to be idle, and if the weather was bad, he found something to busy himself with in the house. He was very fond of being read to by his companion, Miss Anna Gould, a middle-aged lady who is a sister of the wife of Mr. Tilden's deceased brother Henry. She has kept a list of the books she read to Mr. Tilden in the past five years. They number 800, not including magazines and other periodicals.

As news of Tilden's death spread, tributes were made on his behalf. Among the were:

Washington August 5 - Mr. Morrison of Illinois, offered and the House unanamously adopted the following resolution:

That the House of Representatives of the United States has heard with profound sorrow of the death of that eminent and distinguished citizen, Samuel J. Tilden.

The President has sent the following telegram to Colonel Samuel J. Tilden, Jr., (nephew) Greystone, Yonkers, N.Y.:

I have this moment learned of the sudden death of your illustrious relative, Samuel J. Tilden, and hasten to express my individual sorrow in an event by which the State of New York has lost her most distinguished son and the nation one of its wisest and most patriotic counsellors. - Grover Cleveland

Albany, NY August 5 - Upon receipt of the news of Mr. Tilden's death, Governor Hill immeditely sent the following dispatch:

State of New York
Executive Chamber
Albany, August 4, 1886

Colonel Samuel J. Tilden, "Greystone" Yonkers, N.Y.

I learn with deep regret of the death of your uncle, Samuel J. Tilden. I tender to you and other relatives my sincere sympathy in your great bereavement. In his death the country has lost one of her most eminent statesman and our own State one of its most illustrious sons. Please inform me at your earliest convenience of the date which may be fixed for the funeral, as I shall endeavor to attend. - David R. Hill

Governor Tilden's funeral

THE TILDEN FUNERAL
Impressive Ceremonies at the Greystone Mansion
The President and Cabinet Members Present
The Remains Taken to Lebanon For Burial
August 7, 1886


Yonkers, NY - The sorrow that has shrouded this city for three days reached its climax today. The grief was great and marked on every house. The public buildings were closed and badges of mourning were displayed on the house fronts. The early trains poured hundreds of notable citizens into the town, and all bent their steps in one direction to pay a last tribute of honor to one who had been high among them. The residents joined in the pilgrimage, and hosts of mourners that found its way to Greystone and filled to overflowing the ample mansion of the late statesman long before the funeral service began. The casket that was to contain Mr. Tilden's body reached the house this morning. It is made in two parts: the interior is of copper, with a glass door of its entire length. The interior is decorated with white tufted satin, and the other part is of red spanish cedar and is plainly ornamented with oxydized silver ornaments. The silver plate is also of that material, on which there is simply the name, "Samuel J. Tilden" engraved. At 8:30 the public were first admitted to the mansion. The remains were placed on a catafalque situated in the center of the blue room. The drapery of the catafalque was black crepe and cashmere. Meantime, the friends of the family began to arrive. The first train from New York to bring any members of the family was the 7:15 p.m. From that time the people came by the score.


THE DISTINGUISHED MOURNERS


Among the first to arrive at the house were General Alexandria Hamilton, Charles A. Dana, William H. Barnum, Samuel J. Randall, Teasurer Jordan, and Ex-collector Murphy. Andrew H. Green received them all and ushered them into the parlor, where the people generally were admitted to view the remains. They entered the east door, passed through the first parlor on the right to the blue room and thence through the hall to the western rear entrance. A bouquet of calla lilies and white roses lay near the head of the casket and at the foot was placed a wreath palm, under smilax and victoria regina. All the flowers came from Mr. Tilden's hot houses. The last named was from a plant of which there are but three in America. By nine o'clock serveral hundred persons had viewed the remains.


THE PALL BEARERS


The pall bearers are to be Samuel J. Randall, John Bigelow, Daniel Manning, Smith M. Weed, Charles A. Dana, Dr. George L. Miller, William Allen Butler, Daniel Magone, J.B. Trenor, Dr. Charles E. Simmons, and Aaron J. Vanderpoele. The first formal delegation to arrive was from the Jeffersonian club, of Newark, NJ. soon after them Mayor Bell, of Yonkers, and the Yonkers aldermen passed through, and then the servants of Mr. Tilden's house, five men and five women, paid their last tributes. The men, without exception, shed tears as they gazed the the last time upon their lost master.

At 9:40, President Cleveland entered the mansion, accompanied by Secretary of War Endicott and Private Secretary Lamont. George W. Smith, Mr. Tilden's private secretary, took the President's arm and found a place in the line of citizens. Secretary Endicott followed with Mr. Lamont. On reaching the head of the bier, the President stopped a moment or two, took an earnest look at the face of the dead and passed on to the hall and was escorted among the family up stairs, as were also Secretary Endicott and Mr. Lamont. Ten minutes later the pall bearers descented the broad stair- case in the center of the house that leads directly into the room where the remains were. Secretary Manning leaning upon the arm of John Bigelow lead the bearers. Manning seemed rather feeble, his steps being by no means sure as he came down down the stairs. The delegation from the various bodies followed the pall bearers and took seats i the blue room and adjoining parlors, the bar association headed by Hon. William M. Evarts, the New York board of aldermen, Tammany Hall, Irving Hall, the county democracy and others.


THE CEREMONY BEGINS


President Cleveland entered the room with secretary Endicott, secretary Whitney and Mr. Lamont. Next came the members of the family, Tilden's nephews and nieces, Governor Hill arrived just as the ceremonies were beginning. He was seated next to Mayor Grace. Hundreds of people collected in the hall on either side of the black drapery that hang in the front blue room, blocking up the entire passage and extending out on the porches and grounds in front and at the rear of the house. Then Reverend Dr. W.J. Tucker, who had come on from Andover, Massachusetts, to perform the ceremonies, read the funeral prayer of the Presbyterian church. The choir of the Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church, which had taken up a position at the foot of the main staircase, sang "Abide with Me." Rev. Dr. Tucker next delivered a short address on the personal qualities of the decreased. After this address, Miss Antonia Hense sang very effectively "One Sweetly Solemn Thought," and Dr. Tucker mad another brief speech. The choir sang "Beyond the Smiling and the Weeping, " and the casket was closed. The body was borne to the hearse at 10:50 and carried to the train for New Lebanon. The president, governor, mayor, cabinet officers and delegates followed with the pall bearers in twenty-five carriages. As the casket was borne through the marble floored hall the choir sang "Rock of Ages." Eight of Tilden's employees carried the body, among them were the Captain of the yacht, "Viking," and the gardner, valet and coachman of the dead statesman. The president and his secretary, Gov. Hill, Mayor Grace and delegations followed the carriages but neither boarded the funeral train.

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ON THE WAY TO THE GRAVE
All along the three-mile route to Yonders the sides of the road were alive with people. Just as the cortege started from the house a brisk rain set in but this did not drive the spectators from the paths. many sought shelter under the trees and awnings, some raised umbrellas and some remained uncovered. When the hearse passed between the crowd, hats were raised and other signs of respect were continuously shown. When the depot was reached the members of the family, the Misses Tilden, Miss Gould, Messrs. Tilden and Charles T. MacLean, with their intimate friends, Rev. Dr. Tucker and several of the delegation entered the cars. The train left Yonkers at 11:15 and is due at New Lebanon, where the reamins will be interred in the family lot, at 3:40. The services at the grave are to be of the simplest kind. It is unsettled whether or not the will will be read to-night. It's rumored that it will be read at the old family homestead at New Lebanon. President Cleveland, accompanied by Secretary Manning, Endicott and Whitney and Mr. Lamont left here for New York at 12:15.


THE MOVING TRAIN


As it passed through Albany, groups of people watched the funeral train as it whirled along the route from Yonkers to New Lebanon. Men uncovered their heads as the train passed, and all manifested deep interest in the day's melancholy event. When the funeral train rolled into the little heavily draped station at New Lebanon, at 3:40 p.m., the sward back of the depot was filled with people. Profound silence reigned while the bier was being placed in a plain hearse that was in readiness back of the station. A vehicle was being brought from Pittsfield, Mass., for the occasion. An ample supply of conveyances was in waiting and in a few minutes the cortege moved toward the church which is opposite the homestead. The population of New Lebanon and surrounding towns had seemingly turned out enmasse. Rev. Mr. Burritt, pastor of the Congregational Church, assisted Rev. W.J. Tucker in the services at the church. The remains were permitted to lie in state in church for one hour. The bier was then carried to the house by Tilden's personal attendants and the silent procession moved slowly up through the sombre appearing village, with its shady streets and large elm and willow trees. Beyond the town within a quarter of a mile of the village is the cemetery, which is just across the railroad, on a rise of ground. The procession halted. After a brief ceremony at the grave, the special train left for New York, and thousands who had gathered to pay the last tribute of respect to Samuel J. Tilden, lingered awhile and then departed.

Cemetery of the Evergreens, New Lebanon, New York

The Lebanon Valley Historical Society says that the Tilden tomb was designed by Paris-trained architect Ernest Flagg. It was restored and then re-dedicated on November 4, 1985. The restoration was done by a committee headed by Rev. Ernest D. Smith, author of "Valley Tales." (see the link below for "Hometown Tales.")Despite common belief, Tilden's body does not rest in the coffin shaped ornament seen in the photograph. He is actually buried below the ground, in the Tilden vault.

Susan Tilden Whittlesey Tyler is not buried with her husband at Hillside Cemetery. She is most likely buried here with her parents and Tilden relatives.

The Tilden Circle

The picture above was taken by Tina. The grave actually sits by itself, across from the "Tilden Circle", where his parents and brothers are buried. The photo was taken from the road which passes between the two sites.

Will of Samuel J. Tilden

Will of Samuel J. Tilden


"New York, August 12, 1886 - The will of the late Samuel J. Tilden has been furnished to the press, though the document will not be formally filed for probate until today. The will begins:

Mindful of the uncertainty of life and being now in the full possession of all of the faculties of mind and memory, I, Samuel J. Tilden, of Greystone, in the City of Yonkers, County of Westchester and State of New York, do hereby make, publish and declare this my last will and testament in the manner and form following:

(The document contains forty-three clauses. The first clause revokes all previous wills made by the testator. Clause 2 names John Bigelow, Andrew H. Green and George W. Smith as execators and trustees under the will. Clauses 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 contain the usual provisions as to compensation of the executors, discharge of just debts, etc.)

Clause 9 gives the testator's sister, Mrs. Mary B. Pelton, during her life, the use of the house, No. 38 West Thirty-eighth Street and the income of $100,000. Upon Mrs. Pelton's death, the use of the house reverts to the testator's grand-niece, Laura A. Pelton, during her life and if Mrs. Pelton shall not have disposed of $50,000 of her inheritance by will, that amount also reverts to Laura A. Pelton. If Laura A. Pelton dies leaving children, the house and the $50,000 goes to her children. If not, she may will the house as she chooses and the $50,000 shall revert to the estate and be managed by the trustees. Upon Mary B. Pelton's death, $50,000 of her inheritance goes to the testator's niece, Carolina L. Whittlesey, with similar provisions for reversion as in the preceding instance.

The income of another sum of $50,000 is also to be paid to Mary B. Pelton during her life.

Clause 10 gives the income of $70,000 to Lucy F. Tilden, widow of the testator's brother, Moses Y. Tilden, with reversion to her adopted daughter, Adelaide E. Buchanan.

Clause 11 gives the income of $50,000 to Susan G. Tilden, widow of the testator's brother, Henry A. Tilden, with reversion to the testator's niece, Henrietta A. Swan.

The 12th and 13th clauses bequeath to his niece, Caroline B. Whitney, the income of 100 shares of Cleveland & Pittsburgh Railroad Company and the interest of the testator in the Delphic Iron Company. A special trust of $50,000 is also to be invested for her benefit.

The 14th clause gives to his niece, Henrietta A. Swan, the income of 100 shares of Cleveland & Pittsburgh railroad and also provides for a special trust of $50,000 for her.

Clause 15 conveys to Lucy F. Tilden, widow of Moses Y. Tilden, the dwelling house in which the latter formerly resided at New Lebanon. This clause also provides for the conveyance to the executors and trustees of certain lands formerly owned by Tilden's father, Elam Tilden, or subsequently acquired by Moses Y. Tilden, with the object of keeping the landed property together and in the family, the same to be applied in the use of nephews George H. Tilden and Samuel J. Tilden.

Clause 20 leaves $150,000 to Susan G. Tilden, niece.

THE TILDEN TROUBLE
Complications Regarding the Old Man's Will


New York September 24, 1886 - Nothing has been done yet toward contesting Samuel J. Tilden's will. It is the understanding that no steps will be taken until the hearing has been had before the surrogate of Westchester County. What is likely to happen is that the persons and corporations, including the banks, holding the obligations of Henry A. and Moses Y. Tilden and which were voluntarily assumed by the nephews, Samuel J. and George A. Tilden, with the understanding that they were to be backed by Governor Tilden, will present them as claims against the Tilden estate. This will save the nephews the trouble and expense of contesting the will and will serve the same object in relieving the nephews of a burden which they feel they should not be compelled to carry.

A gentleman who was intimate with Mr. Tilden in the latter years of his life, and conversant with this phase of his affairs, said yesterday, " I hope there will be no contest of the will. I do not think the nephews wish to contest the will. But they feel that they have been hardly treated if they are to be left to pay these obligations, which they assumed with the understanding that Mr. Tilden would see them through. They feel this all the more keenly because it would only take a moiety (?) of the Governor's vast estate to lift the load from their shoulders. Moreover, they believe that it was Governor Tilden's intention to relieve them of this burden, and that it was only right that he should do so. The banks received from Mr. Tilden, it is asserted, a promise that he would see that the obligations would be cared for. If the boys are called on to carry this load it will be life's labor to pay it, even if they are successful."


This article appeared in the Chester, PA Daily Times on April 2, 1946:

"The will, with its many trusts, led to litigation that became almost as famous as the Tilden-Hayes contest for the presidency. The clause of the will establishing the "Tilden trust" to maintain a free reading room and library in New York was fought by relatives. The Court of Appeals in 1891 declared the clause void because of 'indefinateness and uncertainty,' but in 1893 the Legislature passed the "Tilden Act," which in effect made it impossible to deny bequests to the public on this ground, and the contesting relatives made an agreement with the trustees by which $2,000,000 was allowed for the Tilden Foundation of the New York Public Library."

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SAMUEL J. TILDEN ESTATE FINALLY DISTRIBUTED


New York, July 14, 1924 - Final distribution of the estate of Samuel J. Tilden, one time Governor of New York and Democratic candidate for President in 1876, was taken today when the accounting of the trustees under the will of Henrietta Tilden Blatchford, a niece, was approved and filed before the New York Surrogate's court. Mrs. Tilden, who died in 1886, left $100,000 in trust for Mrs. Blatchford, with the provision that she might use the incone during her life time and dispose of the principle in her will according to her own desire, Mrs. Blatchford died in 1912 and her will, the trustees accounted today, left $60,000 to each of her grandchildren, Donald M. Swan and Henry Tilden Swan III, both of whom are minors.

New York Times August 12, 1886

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/
archive-free/pdf?res=F40917FE3
A5410738DDDAB0994D0405B8684F0D3

Samuel Jones Tilden's will with many mentions of "Susie Whittlesey"

Dan Damon's blog December 12, 2011

http://ptoday.blogspot.com/

Developer Watson Whittlesey lent his first name to street on which these homes are found.

Dan Damon's blog December 12, 2011

Space seems always to have been on the minds of residents in the neighborhood of yesterday's Hidden Plainfield post.

The area was promoted by a local real estate developer named Watson Whittlesey in 1891 through a broker-partner with offices in Manhattan, Brooklyn and Plainfield, William H. Moffitt, as per notices with an 1891 plat map shown above (the full map, which is very large, is available online at Rutgers' mapmaker site here).

Whittlesey lent his first name, Watson, to the street on which these two home are located, steps away from both the Netherwood train and postal stations.

New York Times Obituary for Caroline B. Tyler Creo Ashton

Paid Notice: Deaths
ASHTON, CAROLINE B
Published: April 25, 2010


ASHTON–Caroline B. Tyler Creo, (1929-2010). Caroline Ashton, beloved mother passed away peacefully surrounded by family and pets following a brief illness on April 22, 2010. She is survived by daughters Claudia Creo, Francesca Creo (Ronald L. Pettiway), Cristina Creo (Forest Flanigan), granddaughters Andrea Creo Towle, Chelsea Creo Sharon, Danielle A. Pettiway, greatgrandson Ekijah Creo Christianson, brother David Tyler and family, cousin Susan Whittlesey Wolf and family and other relatives and friends. Caroline was a devoted and accomplished horsewoman. She was a faithful friend of animals of all kinds. She was a pioneer of American Dressage. Caroline imported, trained and bred Warmblood, Andalusian and Lipizzaner horses. Over the years, Caroline's horses competed on an international level and won many national and local awards. She is well remembered as a talented riding instructor and a pony club activist. Caroline was a devoted patron of the arts. She brought a fine sense of aesthetics to everything she touched. She enjoyed gardening, travel and interior design. Caroline made her home around the world. She spent many years in New Jersey, Massachusetts, New York City, Mexico, Florence and Rome, Italy, Pennsylvania and Mount Dora, Florida. Memorial services will be held on May 1, 2010 at noon at the Crescent Avenue Presbyterian Church, 716 Watchung Avenue, Plainfield, NJ 07060 and a memorial will be held in Mount Dora, Florida at a date and location to be announced. In lieu of flowers, memorials may be made to: Last Chance Ranch, Inc., 9 Beck Road, Quakertown, PA, 18951, Doctors Without Borders, USA, P.O. Box 5030, Hagerstown, MD, 21741 and The Morris Animal Foundation, 10200 East Gerard Avenue, Suite B-430, Denver, CO 80231. To carry on for Caroline please rescue an animal in need.

Plainfield Public Library Archives

TEAMWORK – Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler, chairman of the landscape committee of the new Plainfield Public Library, gives an experienced assit to Cominick Zampetto, superintendent of the city's Shade Tree Department, as department workers helped the library plant 10 gingko trees in front of the building. Mrs. Tyler has been active on the library board for many years and is a former presidnet of the Plainfield Garden Club.

Dec. 20, 1968

Plainfield Public Library Archives

Plainfield Library Archives

May 20, 1936

Union Flower Show Ends in Deadlock

Mrs. L. R. Fort, Mrs. W. S. Tyler Tie with 12 Points for Sweepstakes Honor

Mrs. Leslie R. Fort, president of the Plainfield Garden Club, and Mrs. William S. Tyler, club exhibition chairman, tied for sweepstakes honor yesterday in the first flower show of Union County Garden Center at Cedar Brook Park, Plainfield. Each won twelve points. Members of nine garden groups in the center competed.

Among striking arrangements by the two leading contestants were a small arrangement in Class 1 by Mrs. fort of blue violas and low-growing blue veronica in matching blue container, and a mass arrangement of flowers in tone of white in Class 8 by Mrs. Tyler. The latter's prize-winning economy luncheon table was set at a cost of 87 cents. The cost allowed on the schedule was $2.

Other awards were:

Class 1, small arrangement of flowers own foliage not to exceed ten inches in any one dimension – second, Mrs. Ethan Allen, Mountainside Garden Club; third, Mrs. Otto Krieger, Mountainside, and honorable mention, Mrs. George Moore, Watchung Hills Garden Club. Class 2. miniature arrangement in pair of vases – Mrs. Fort, Miss Ruth Griffen, Watchung Hills; Mrs. William S. Tyler, and honorable mention, Mrs. Moore. Class 2, arrangemnt of flowers in transparent container for window sill – Mrs. George Hansel, Cranford Garden Club; Miss Griffen, Mrs. F. W. Coles, Neighborhood Garderners of Rahway and Colonia, and honorable mention, Mrs. Fort.

Class 4, living room arrangement, tulips, cream to bronze shades in copper container – honorable mention, Mrs. Boardman Tyler, Plainfield Garden Club. Class 5, arrangement of flowers using container not originally designed for flowers – Mrs. Boardman Tyler, Mrs. Fort, Mrs. William S. Tyler, and honorable mention, Mrs. John Kyte, Fanwood Garden Club. Class 6, arrangement in clear glass bottle of cut plant material (no flowers) – Mrs. Hansel, Mrs. E. E. Angleman, garden committee Monday Afternoon Club of Plainfield, Mrs. Boardman Tyler. Class 7, arrangement of flowers in pitcher – Mrs. Krieger, Miss Dorothea Tingley, and honorable mention, Mrs. A. E. Van Doren, Mountainside Garden Club.

Class 8, arrangement of white floers, two or more tones, in white container against wall – second, Mrs. Boardman Tyler; third, Mrs. Coles, and honorable mention, Mrs. Harry Copeland, Mountainside. Class 9, arrangement in Flemish manner, featuring tulips – Mrs. Hugh Child, Fanwood, Class 11, collection of named varieties tulips – honorable mention Mrs. Stephen G. Van Hoesen, president, Fanwood club. Class 12, collection annuals and perennials – Mrs. John J. Couser, Watchung Hills, and honorable mention, Miss Maud Van Bosckerck, Plainfield Garden Club.

Plainfield Library Archives

Plainfield Library Archives

Plainfield Library Archives

Plainfield Public Library Archives

1936

Garden Club Plans For Flower Show

Plans were about completed for the flower show of the Plainfield Garden Club at a meeting yesterday in the home of the chairman. Mrs. Wallace Coriel, 963 Central Avenue. The show is to be held May 5 and 6 in the Assembly Room of the Crescent Avenue Presbyterian Church.

Mrs. Richard Lawton, a prize winner in many horticultural exhibitions, is schedule chairman, and is spected to have schedules printed soon for distribution.

Fully two-thirds of the 50 classes scheduled are listed as "horticultural." The flower arrangment classes are in the minority. The schedule is planned to be of educational value to both experienced gardeners and beginners.

The committee includes Mrs. Corriell, chairman, Mrs. Dudley H. Barrows, secretary; Mrs. Harry Williams, treasurer; Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler and Mrs. William K. Dunbar, decoration and floor plan; Mrs. Henry L. DeForest, properties; Mrs. Henry Marshall, staging; Mrs. Lawton and Mrs. Henry C. Wells, schedule; Mrs. William S. Tyler, exhibits.

Also Miss Harriette R. Halloway, specimens; Miss Josephine Lapslety, entries; Mrs. Garret Smith, publicity; Mrs. Leslie R. Fort and Mrs. Edward H. Ladd Jr., judges, and Mrs. Clifford M. Baker, prizes.

Plainfield Public Library Archives

New York Times Obituary Caroline B. Tyler Creo Ashton

http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E01E0D8163AF936A15757C0A9669D8B63

Paid Notice: Deaths
ASHTON, CAROLINE B
Published: April 25, 2010

. .ASHTON–Caroline B. Tyler Creo, (1929-2010). Caroline Ashton, beloved mother passed away peacefully surrounded by family and pets following a brief illness on April 22, 2010. She is survived by daughters Claudia Creo, Francesca Creo (Ronald L. Pettiway), Cristina Creo (Forest Flanigan), granddaughters Andrea Creo Towle, Chelsea Creo Sharon, Danielle A. Pettiway, greatgrandson Ekijah Creo Christianson, brother David Tyler and family, cousin Susan Whittlesey Wolf and family and other relatives and friends. Caroline was a devoted and accomplished horsewoman. She was a faithful friend of animals of all kinds. She was a pioneer of American Dressage. Caroline imported, trained and bred Warmblood, Andalusian and Lipizzaner horses. Over the years, Caroline's horses competed on an international level and won many national and local awards. She is well remembered as a talented riding instructor and a pony club activist. Caroline was a devoted patron of the arts. She brought a fine sense of aesthetics to everything she touched. She enjoyed gardening, travel and interior design. Caroline made her home around the world. She spent many years in New Jersey, Massachusetts, New York City, Mexico, Florence and Rome, Italy, Pennsylvania and Mount Dora, Florida. Memorial services will be held on May 1, 2010 at noon at the Crescent Avenue Presbyterian Church, 716 Watchung Avenue, Plainfield, NJ 07060 and a memorial will be held in Mount Dora, Florida at a date and location to be announced. In lieu of flowers, memorials may be made to: Last Chance Ranch, Inc., 9 Beck Road, Quakertown, PA, 18951, Doctors Without Borders, USA, P.O. Box 5030, Hagerstown, MD, 21741 and The Morris Animal Foundation, 10200 East Gerard Avenue, Suite B-430, Denver, CO 80231. To carry on for Caroline please rescue an animal in need.

Elijah Boardman: painted by Ralph Earl in 1789

www.wikipedia.com

Elijah Boardman (March 7, 1760 August 18, 1823) was a United States Senator from Connecticut. Born to a noted and politically connected Connecticut family, he served in the United States Army before becoming a noted merchant and businessman. Becoming involved in property and land ownership in Connecticut and Ohio, he founded the towns of Boardman and Medina. His involvement in politics also increased, and he gradually rose through the ranks of the local, and then national government in the United States Senate. He served as Senator for Connecticut until his death in Ohio.

Early life Boardman, an Episcopalian,[1] was born in New Milford in Connecticut, the third of four children for Deacon Sherman Boardman (17281814) and Sarah Bostwick Boardman (17301818).[2][3] His father, a first minister, was a "prosperous farmer", well educated and well versed in local politics he was 21 times elected as a member of the General Assembly of Connecticut and was familiar with "civil and military concerns of the town."[2] The Boardman family were the town's founding family, and lived on a "substantial farm" on the Housatonic River.[3]

A biographer of his later wife wrote of Elijah Boardman: "Inheriting many of the good qualities of his father and his grandfather, he combined, with those good qualities, the energy and intrepidity of his mother and of his grandmother, respecting both of whom there are preserved family traditions of much historical and domestic interest." The biographer also noted Boardman to be "dignified" in personal appearance, and handsome. His brother, Davind Sherman Boardman, remarked that he was "inclined" to hilarity.[2] Elijah Boardman was educated by private tutors including tutoring in Latin by Reverend Nathaniel Taylor and other matters by his own mother at home before enlisting in the local militia to serve in the American Revolutionary War as a "common soldier", in March 1776 aged 16.[2][3]

Revolutionary War: Under Captain Isaac Bostwick, Boardman served in one of the first sixteen regiments raised by the Continental Congress under the command of Colonel Charles Webb. Boardman was directed to Boston, and diverted to New London and New York City, where he took part in Battle of Long Island, however after defeat there and American evacuation to Washington, he was confined to a sick bed having exacerbated childhood medical difficulties and fever.[2] After six months, having achieved an ultimate rank of sergeant,[4] he obtained passage on a wagon back to New York, where he was discovered in poor health by a friend of his father, who sent word home for Boardman to be collected. Meanwhile, Boardman obtained a discharge from the army.[2]

In the summer of 1777, Sir Henry Clinton led British forces through Fort Montgomery and prompted a call-up of Connecticut militia, which Boardman joined until the danger passed following the surrender of General Burgoyne, whereupon the militia was disbanded.[2] Now detached from the army, Boardman resumed his tutorship under John Hickling, a family tutor employed by Boardman's father.[2]

Mercantile employment: In 1781, Boardman took work as a clerk and as a merchant. He spent time employed in New Haven, training as a shopkeeper in the store of Elijah and Archibald Austin,[3] before setting up his own company in his home town of New Milford later that same year.[2][3] This business, a dry-goods store, was operated in conjunction with his two brothers, David and Daniel. As part of his travels, he visited Ohio, where he founded the town of Boardman.[5] In 1789, he was the subject of a portrait by Ralph Earl, which "portrayed the richly dressed dry goods merchant... in his store in New Milford... through the open door, bolts of textiles tell the viewer how Boardman earned a living."[6] Earl's most "accomplished" and successful series of paintings were of the Boardman family.[3] Boardman then married Mary Anna Whiting on September 25, 1792,[2] for whom he would build 'Boardman' house, which still stands in New Milford.[5] By this time, he had also opened a second shop outside of any partnership with his brothers, which was situated in Litchfield County and was designed by architect William Sprats, and on October 10, 1794 his first son, William Whiting Boardman, was born.[3]

In September 1795, Boardman became a member of the Connecticut Land Company, and a purchaser of the Connecticut Western Reserve now part of northern Ohio which entitled Boardman and his associates to two townships located there, one of which being Medina.[2] The 227-acre (0.92 km2) site set aside to create a county seat was originally named Mecca, until it was realised that a nearby town was named the same. Boardman's land agent, Rufus Ferris Sr., became the first resident of Medina,[7] Together with his brothers, Boardman had thus became the owner of a "considerable" amount of real estate, among the post-Revolutionary War landed gentry "among the town's highest taxpayers."[3]

[edit] PoliticsBoardman's initial ventures into politics are recorded in a letter to then-President Thomas Jefferson on June 18, 1801. He included a sermon of Rev. Stanley Griswold, of the New Milford church, which discussed the new President as "an example of how evil could be overcome by good." Jefferson subsequently replied with a detailed critique of the sermon.[8]

Boardman became a member of the State House of Representatives for the period 180305 and again in 1816, before becoming a member of the State's upper house between 18171819, and a member of the State Senate between 18191821.[9] On March 4, 1821, he was elected to the US Senate while living in Litchfield, Connecticut. He is listed by the Abridgment of the Debates of Congress, from 1789 to 1856 as having been present at Senate proceedings on December 3, 1821, in Washington DC in the company of Class-3 Connecticut senator James Lanman.

Later life and death

Boardman served there the Senate his death in Boardman during a visit to his son,[2] whereupon he was succeeded by Henry W. Edwards. His cause of death is a subject of speculation, however biographer and son-in-law John Frederick Schroeder (m. Caroline Maria Boardman) related it while writing in 1849 to several bouts of cholera and fever Boardman had suffered throughout his life, particularly during a tour of Rhode Island in 1780, as well as other attacks in Vermont and New Hampshire throughout his life.[2] Senator James Lanman proposed on December 5, 1823, a motion for the members of the Senate to wear "the usual mourning" for thirty days to commemorate his passing.[10] Boardman's body was returned home and interred in New Milford. He was survived by his first son, later politician William,[9] and his second, Henry Mason Boardman.[2] Mabel Thorp Boardman, American philanthropist, was his great-granddaughter.[11]

Notes1.^ Purcell, Richard Joseph (1963). Connecticut in transition: 17751818. University of Michigan: Wesleyan University Press. pp. 181.
2.^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Schroeder, John Frederick (1840). Memoir of the Life and Character of Mrs. Mary Anna Boardman. Harvard University: Printed for private distribution. pp. 123132, 171172..
3.^ a b c d e f g h Kornhauser, Elizabeth Mankin (1991). ""By Your Inimmitable Hand": Elijah Boardman's Patronage of Ralph Earl". American Art Journal (Kennedy Galleries, Inc.) 23 (1): 519.
4.^ Moulton, Ferdinand (1852). Robert Mayo. ed. Army and Navy Pension Laws, and Bounty Land Laws of the United States. University of Michigan: Printed by J. T. Towers. pp. 37.
5.^ a b Goodrich, Laurence B. (1967). Ralph Earl, Recorder for an Era. SUNY Press. pp. 60. ISBN 0873950208.
6.^ "Elijah Boardman, 1789". The Metropolitant Museum of Art. http://www.metmuseum.org/Works_of_Art/artworks.asp?ReplicationId={A3F55D41-F903-4E47-B0F1-CBC0621D114F}. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
7.^ Brown, Gloria (2007). Arcadia Publishing. pp. 712. ISBN 073854146X.
8.^ Dershowitz, Alan M. (2007). Finding Jefferson: a lost letter, a remarkable discovery, and the First Amendment in an age of terrorism. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 5161.
9.^ a b "BOARDMAN, Elijah, (1760 - 1823)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Senate. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000577. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
10.^ a b Abridgment of the Debates of Congress, from 1789 to 1856. Volume V. United States Senate. 1858. pp. 137, 471.
11.^ Joan M. Dixon, ed. (1998). National Intelligencer Newspaper Abstracts, 1821-1823. Heritage Books. pp. 184. ISBN 0788409484.
[edit] ReferencesBrown, Gloria (2007). Arcadia Publishing. pp. 712. ISBN 073854146X.
Kornhauser, Elizabeth Mankin (1991). ""By Your Inimmitable Hand": Elijah Boardman's Patronage of Ralph Earl". American Art Journal (Kennedy Galleries, Inc.) 23 (1): 519.
Schroeder, John Frederick (1849). Memoir of the Life and Character of Mrs. Mary Anna Boardman. Harvard University: Printed for private distribution. pp. 123132, 171172..

Mary Anna Whiting and William Whiting Boardman

Mary Anna Whiting and son William Whiting Boardman, oil canvas painting by Ralph Earl in 1795 or 1796. William was the first son of Mary Anna and Elijah, and went on to have a political career of his own

New Milford Connecticut

Elijah Boardman's gravestone in New Milford, Connecticut

The Boardmans

Learn about Elijah, his parents, brother, wife, son and see his house in New Milford: http://reggiedarling.blogspot.com/2010/09/oh-those-beautiful-boardmans.html

April 26, 2012 Email from Caroline Potter Normann

OH, my, but have you opened a fun door to me!! There is so much information in those files, and i have only skimmed the one on the Tylers. Some of the info may confuse Susan and Ethel, who were sisters-in-law and lived in back-to-back properties, as noted in the materials. The azalea hedge was part of the William & Ethel property. In my quick read it seemed to say that Ethel planted it but that it boarded the property on W. 8th St, which was the Boardman Tyler (Susan) home. I do know that Miss Margaret Tyler was Ethel and William's younger daughter. (The older one, Edith was married to Henry Noss, a history professor at NYU (?). They moved back to Plainfield after Henry retired.) Margaret didn't marry until the late 1950s or very early 1960s. Her husband's name was Hume Clendenin.

Mom wrote extensive memoires containing much information about the family members. I know that her Van Boskereck aunts (Edith and Ethel) were very great influences in Mom's life, taking her in hand when Mom's sister, Ruth, died at age 10. My grandmother had some kind of break-down and Mom, then in her early teens, was without much attention. I will find some of what she wrote and send it on in the next day or two. I hope that is timely enough.

I am going out for dinner tonight and must get ready, but you will hear from me soon.

My quick trip through the Club membership was an experience of great familiarity with many, many names of people who were my grandmother's and mother's friends.

More soon!

Love, Caroline

Caroline Potter Normann, Susan Tyler's niece and the daughter of one of my mother's [Genung, Mrs. Alfred Gawthrop (Dorothy or "Dot" Madsen) '69] oldest and dearest friends (and mine too) [Sally Genung Booth '83]. Caroline grew up in Sesttle but spent most of her married life in Gainesville, Florida. She got divorced and finally moved back to Settle where she is having lots of fun. Her mother died last year at 98.

Tyler Genealogy

7723 WILLIAIM SEYMOURS TYLER (Mason Whit-
ing^), bom in Plainfield, N. J., October 18, 1873; married
there, November 2'3, 1899, Ethel Van Boskerck, bom February
5, 1879 ; daughter of George W. and Elizabeth (Rowe) Van
Boskerck. He prepared for college at Williston Seminary,
Easthampton, Mass. ; was graduated from Amherst A. B. 1895 ;
traveled in Europe in 1894; studied in Germany and traveled
in Egypt and Palestine 1895-1896; studied in Columbia Uni-
versity Law School, 1896-1899 ; was graduated LL. B. 1899.
He was admitted to the New York bar in 1898 ; practiced law
with Evarts, Choate & Beeman one year; in 1903 formed a
partnership with his father and brother under the firm name
of Tyler & Tyler, which has continued since his father's death
under the same name at 30 Church Street, New York City.
Mr, Tyler has been a member of the Common Council of the city
of Plainfield 1902-1908, and of the Board of Education since
1908, is Secretary of the Charity Organization Society of Plain-
field and North Plainfield, and a director of the Rossendale
Reddaway Belting and Hose Company of Newark. In New
Jersey he is a member of the Mayflower Society. In New York
City he is a member of the Bar Association, Military Order of
the Loyal Legion, University Club, Phi Delta Phi Club, Psi
Upsilon Club, New England Society and Railroad Club. The
children were born in Plainfield.

Children :

7922 Margaret Rowe Tyler, bora April 8, 1901.

7923 Wilham Seymour Tyler, bom May 16, 1904.

7924 Edith Edwards Tyler, bom July 31, 1905.

7724 CORNELIUS BOARDMAN^ TYLER (Mason
Whiting^), bom in Plainfield, N. J., November 15, 1875; mar-
ried, December 29, 1908, at Pittsfield, Mass., Susan Tilden



784 The Descendants of Job Tyler

Whittlesey, bom November 21, 1883, at Florence, Wis. ; daugh-
ter of WiUiam Augustus and Caroline Benton (Tilden) Whit-
tlesey, of Pittsfield. He prepared for college at Williston
Seminary, Easthampton, Mass. ; was graduated from Amherst
College A. B. 1898 ; studied at Columbia University Law School
1898-1901, and was graduated LL. B. and admitted to the
New York bar in 1901. He was one of the founders of the
Columbia Law Review in 1901, and treasurer of the first board
of editors. He practiced one year with the firm of James
Schell and Elkus. In 1903 he formed a partnership with his
father and brother under the firm name of Tyler & Tyler, which
has continued since his father's death under the same name at
30 Church Street, New York City. He traveled in Europe in
1894, in Japan in 1900, in Alaska in 1901, and in Central
America and the West Indies in 1909. He is president and
director of the Liberty Realty Company of Seattle, Wash. ;
secretary and director of the West Canada Land and Develop-
ment Company ; secretary, treasurer and director of the JaiFray
Realty Company. He is one of the trustees of the Plainfield
Public Library and Reading room, and director of the Plain-
field Trust Company ; a member of the Commandery of the
District of Columbia, of the Military Order of the Loyal
Legion, and in New York City he is a member of the Bar Asso-
ciation, Psi Upsilon Club, Phi Beta Kappa Alumni, Phi Delta
Phi Club, Mayflower Society, New England Society, and Rail-
road Club.

Email April 29, 2012 Re: Tyler and Van Boskerck Families

Hi Susan,
You are going to love this...I mean really love it.
CPN is Caroline Potter Normann, my friend, the writer. The person who wrote these notes was her mother, Lucy Van Boskerck Potter Mitchel who grew up in Plainfield in the house where the ex governor lives on Prospect Ave. She moved to Seattle when she married. That is the garden she writes about.
If you have any questions, let me know.
Sally


––Original Message––
From: Caroline Normann <caponor@gmail.com>
To: Sally Booth <sbooth1954@aol.com>
Sent: Sun, Apr 29, 2012 9:38 pm
Subject: Tyler information

Dear Sally, I hope I haven't delayed too long. I had to do some digging. Mom wrote pages and pages of memoires, all interesting, occasionally repetitive, as they were written over many years. Happily, I had transcribed them. Some I added comments for the benefit of Jenny and Beth.

There isn't a lot about Aunt Susan. I do remember going to her home for tea when we came to visit. That would have been when I was in grade school. She died quite a while before I went to college. Their home was filled with interesting furniture, paintings and lovely rooms. It was all very formal, but she was always very kind and easy for a child to be with. You are correct about the portrait that she gave to the Met. Its companion piece hung in Aunt Ethel's home and also hangs in the Met next to that given by Aunt Susan. Needless to say I didn't know her well. Aunt Ethel was the youngest of my grandfather's siblings and lived into her late 80s, so I knew her very well and always enjoyed being with her. She was amazingly youthful, open-minded, and contemporary for one of her generation. I visited her often while I was in college.

Let me know if any of the attached are useful to you or if you have an follow-up questions.

Love, Caroline


Caroline Normann
18317 Sunset Way
Edmonds, WA 98026
(425) 771-8925
(425) 530-6687(cell)

Email April 29, 2012 by Caroline Normann
Aunt Susan Tyler started a class to teach us to make pottery. She had her own studio and kiln in a part of their garage. She was a very cultured lady, a Smith college graduate from the time when that was a rarity, and she had great artistic taste and talent and had traveled widely. She opened up the world of art to us. There were five of us, Peggy Lawrence, Jean Moment, Emilie Parsons, Ruth Foster and me. I now know that in her perceptive way she realized that we each needed something. After our work in the studio, we would go into her beautiful library and were served an elegant tea in front of the fire. She had a glamorous La Salle roadster with a rumble seat, and Patrick her chauffeur, would deliver us home afterwards. She took us to new York to the Metropolitan Museum, to lunch in a fine restaurant like Sherrys and to the opera and to plays. It was a whole new world to me. These things have been my greatest interest every since. She talked about travel and wonderful things to see in Europe. For years after I was grown she and I shared ideas, and I always went to see her when I visited in the East until she finally died at a very old age.

Aunt Ethel interested me in antiques and she was full of creative ideas. She painted stencils and was an outstanding flower arranger and won many prized in the New York Flower Show for the Plainfield Garden Club. She was a gourmet cook herself in spite of having a regular cook in her household. We always had a lot of fun together and were close friends. She had a great sense of humor and of adventure.

Aunt Edith gave me lessons in painting, perspective and color values and later guided me to go to the Art Students league. She realized that I had no skills to fall back on and after studying for a few years she had me work in her interior decorating business in New York to get some practical experience.

Aunt Susan Tyler
Tyler, Mrs. Cornelius Boardman (Susan Tilden Whittlesey)'25 President 1944 - 1947

Aunt Ethel
Tyler, Mrs. William Seymour (Ethel Van Boskerck) '15

Aunt Edith
Noss, Mrs. Henry (Edith Edwards Tyler) '66

Email April 29, 2012 written by Lucy Van Boskerck Potter Mitchel

THE GARDEN

Having grown up in Brooklyn, Mother didn't know anything about plants, but she was eager to learn about gardening. The property they bought had originally been a nursery and had many fine large trees, tall pines, oaks, hard wood maples, a tulip tree and locusts in the front of the house. They acquired a good strong Italian gardener, Paul Scalera, who was an immigrant from the Naples area with his wife and numerous children. They lived in South Plainfield about 5 miles away. He used to walk to work and later had a bicycle. The children became educated and eventually were important people in the community. He worked for us for years and we loved and respected him. He was small and gradually grew very stooped. He had dark piercing eyes and a felt hat always somewhat over them. He always spit on his hands before tackling a piece of work with a hoe or a shovel. He seldom washed. He brought delicious thick sandwiches for his lunch filled with sausage and garlic. One day Mother was horrified to discover me in the process of taking a bite which has had offered. She always washed and sterilized everything and my lunches were usually baked potatoes, spinach and lamb chops. I thought his much more exciting. Paul called Mother "the mist" and was "the little mist."

When he first worked for us Mother was upset because he was pulling plants out of the garden and throwing them away. "Paul, what are you doing?" she cried. "He do be die", he told her. One day he appeared with a gift of several little dogwood trees. She was delighted. "Where did you get them, Paul?" "Me catch up at Loiz." Mr. Loizeaux was our neighbor with scads of white Cornus Florida trees in his garden. Mother was embarrassed but could hardly take them back and explain, so she planted them. She bought many more from a nursery and they lined the semi-circular driveway in front of our house with more in back under the tall pine trees.

It was a beautiful garden with stretches of lawn patterned by light and shade. There was a woodsy wild garden with ferns, hypatica, bloodroot, trillium, and masses of fragrant violets, orchids, mertensia and other choice plants, lots of mountain laurel and vivid areas of azaleas. There was a large perennial garden with delphinium, lilies, double campanulas sweet William and other plants. Roses were planted below the terrace. Daddy had a big vegetable garden with grapes and fruit trees as well.

Mother was one of the founders of the Plainfield Garden Club and started the Cornus Arboretum in one of the parks. She was very active in it for years. Every June Mother and Auntie Flo gave two luncheons back-to-back in the garden when everything was in full bloom. It was lovely.

The Swains who bought the house in 1958 have kept up the garden. She was a Loizeaux, so it is fitting that she fell heir to the dogwood trees that Paul gave Mother. There are many birds in the garden: Kentucky cardinals, wrens, orioles, etc.

Sent in April 29, 2012 written by Lucy Von Boskerck Potter Mitchel

Aunt Ethel Tyler was the youngest Van Boskerck. She was also artistic in a very practical manner. Everything she did was in perfect taste. She added warmth and "fun" to whatever she did. She was a gourmet cook and taught me a lot. She had a cook and maids, but did a lot of fine touches herself (CPN: and always cooked when it was the maid's day off. I visited her often when I was in college, and she was my favorite of all the blood relatives after my grandmother Mom Mom died in early 1960). She won many prizes for her flower arrangements for the Plainfield Garden Club in the big NY flower show. Her husband, William Seymour Tyler, came from an old distinguished New England family. He and his brother, Boardman Tyler, shared a law partnership in NY. Their properties on 7th and 8th Streets in Plainfield ran together at the back with fine gardens. Several of their ancestor paintings are now in the American wing of the Metropolitan Museum. The Tylers had Greek and Latin professors from Amherst College in their background.

Uncle Will ( a century ago) was a man for this "green" era. Aunt Ethel and Aunt Susan both had electric cars which had to be battery charged when not used. They were elegant round with windows, steered with a tiller, and always a crystal vase with a rose. At Lake Sunapee he had an electric boat which glided through the water silently and smoothly. Its batteries were also charged in the boat house when not in use. When they built their summer "camp" he did not want to cut down trees, so they grew right up through the broad railings of the porch. The architecture fitted right into the setting. He bought acres of land and cut a trail through it and gave it in perpetuity to the village, as the Nature Conservancy now.

In Plainfield he started the Boy Scouts and was on the town council. Uncle Boardman was chairman of the library board. They were both active in the Crescent Avenue Presbyterian Church. After World War I the milk was very bad, so the two brothers bought more property and started Woodbrook Farms. It was all done hygienically, well pasteurized, and the cows taken care of properly. (CPN note: pasteurization was new to the US in early 1900's and not generally required until several decades later, so these men were ahead of their time in trying to provide healthy milk at a time when typhoid, diphtheria and other such diseases were often caused by impure milk.) Our milk from there was delivered by horse & wagon. Uncle Will's cousin was president of Abercrombie and Fitch, which had the best sporting goods equipment, and was an important store then. I had an "old town" canoe from there, and Uncle Will taught me how to paddle "Indian style", kneeling on the floor. (bottom of the canoe).
I

Note from Sally Booth:

Jean Moment was the daughter of Dr. Moment the minister of Crescent Ave. Pres. Church. She married Walter Douglas. I don't know if she was a member...I kind of think not. Peggy Lawrence never married. She taught at Spence or Chapin (girl's schools) in NYC I don't know who Ruth Foster married and I would only know her by her married name.

May 10, 2012 GCA Zone IV Meeting and Awards Dinner

PGC Members Jeanne Turner, Patti Dunstan and Phyllis Alexander researched over 275 members chronicled on our website, www.plainfieldgardenclub.org, and chose the following ladies as "themes" for the luncheon tables:

Eight Notable Women of the PGC

Spring 2012 Litchfield Monitor

http://library.constantcontact.com/download/get/file/1101967816524-343/april_newsletter.pdf

Society Acquires Elijah Boardman Records

The Litchfield Historical Society's Helga J. Ingraham Memorial Library is elated to announce the recent acquistion of a significant collection of business records created by Elijah Boardman (1760 - 1823).

Thanks to the generosity of Elijah and Mary Anna Boardman's descendents, Joan Boardman Wright McDaniel and her daughter Caroline Boardman McDaniel Lamphier, scholars will be able to pore over this iconic entrepreneur's ledges, blotters, and day books. Boardman's newspaper advertisements reveal that he went to great lengths to bring a variety of foreign goods to this rural market. His ledges document his intricate pattern of trade in which he shipped local agricultural goods, received in trade or purchased, which he sent to New York and sold at a premium. He brought back rum, molasses, and a large variety of textiles.

The family retained the papers for generations, first in the Boardman house in New Milford, and, for a number of years, had them on loan to Yale University. Recently, Mrs. Lamphier and Mrs. McDaniel made the decision to donate the 97 volume collection to a historical society. Derin Bray, an art and antiques consultant who did extensive research for To Please Any Taste: Litchfield County Furniture and Furniture Makers, 1780 - 1830, published in 2008 by the Litchfield Historical Society, contacted the family upon learning about their collection. His familiarity with Litchfield County and early republic history enabled him to recognize the significance of the collection and suggest to the owner that the family donate the papers to the Society whose professionally trained staff and regular hours would enable scholars to have access to the collection.

These volumes document a business with close ties to Litchfield and to the Society's existing collections. Prior to embarking on a mercantile venture with his brother Daniel, Boardman served in the American Revolution and trained as a clerk in New Haven. He commenced business as a merchant in New Milford in 1781. The Society holds Boardman and Seymour records, 1794 - 1811, a collection of orders, invoices, receipts, and correspondence documenting a partnership between Boardman and Moses Seymour Jr. of Litchfield.

In 1795, Boardman became a member of the Connecticut Land Co., one of the purchasers of the Connecticut Western Reserve. The Notes and Proceedings of the Connecticut Land Company, 1795-1809; the Judson Canfield papers 1760-1856; and the Sameul Flewwelling Papers, 1799-1868 are among the Society's extensive documentation of the settlement of Ohio by Connecticut natives, many of whom migrated from Litchfield County.

Two of the Boardman's sons attended the Litchfield Law School, and two of their daughters attended the Litchfield Female Academy. Daughter Caroline Boardman Schroder's schoolgirl diary is in the Society's Litchfield Female Academy collection.

Boardman became prominent in politics after 1800. He was repeatedly elected to the Connecticut General Assembly and was electged to the US Senate in 1821. For this election, Boardman, a democrat, joined Oliver Wolcott (1760-1833) on the Toleration Party ticket. Boardman died on a visit to Ohio in 1823.

Scholars and history buffs alike know well Ralph Earl painting of Boardman that hangs in the American Wing of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The collection at the Wadsworth Athenaeum boasts the Earl landscape of the Boardman house in New Milford, CT. The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens in San Marino, CA, holds the Earl painting of Boardman's wife Mary Anna Whiting Boardman and their son William Whiting Boardman. This collection provides exciting new documentation of significant American works of art.

The collections of the Litchfield Historical Society have long been lauded by enthusiasts of the Early Federal period of American hisotry for their richness in documenting the social and political history of that era. This collection can only serve to enrich existing holdings and expand knowledge about early American commerce, early Connecticut, the Western Reserve, and a host of other topics. The Society will begin processing the collection immediately and hopes to make it available to scholars as soon as possible. It will certainly prove an invaluable resource to all manner of historians and decorative arts scholars, not to mention the added value it will provide the Society's exhibitions, publications, Web site, and programs.

Please contact Linda Hocking, curator of libary & archives, at lhocking@litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org or 860-567-4501 with any questions.

The Daily Press, Plainfield, New Jersey Tuesday, October 20, 1908

C. B. Tyler to Wed Miss Whittlesey

Announcement was made of the engagement of Miss Susan Tilden Whittlesey, daughter of the late United States Senator William T. Whittlesey, and C. Boardman Tyler, of this city, at a dinner given at the home of Miss Whittlesey's mother on Wendel street, Pittsfield, Mass., Saturday night.

Miss Whittlesey is the granddaughter of President-elect Samuel J. Tilden. No date has been fixed for the wedding. Mr. Tyler is well-known here in social circles. His is a son of the late Colonel and Mrs. Mason W. Tyler and a brother of former Councilman William S. Tyler.

1953 Check Book

No. 1009
April 20, 1953
The New York Botanical Garden
Sustaining dues: 1953 - 1954
$25.00

No. 1010
May 1, 1953
The Garden Club of America
2 garden locaters
(1 for club 1 for Mrs. C. B. Tyler)
$4.00

No. 1011
May 1, 1953
Virginia Stillman
Horticulture tree for Shakespeare Garden
$15.30

1955 Check Book

No. 1150
April 22, 1955
Synder Bros.
flowers for Mrs. C. B. Tyler
$5.00

No. 1151
April 22, 1955
Metler's Woods Fund
(Mr. Wm. H. Cole Rutgers University)
$100.00

No. 1152
May 11, 1955
Garden Club of New Jersey
(2 delegates to 30th annual meeting)
$10.00

1958 Check Book

No. 1292
February 19, 1958
Susan Tyler
For the Cornus Arboretum
Returned not cashed
$20.00

1947 Check Book

No. 622
Jan. 2, 1947
Susan W. Tyler
twine 1.80
fir 5.00
ribbon 30.00
$36.80
War Services

No. 623
Jan. 6, 1947
Ethel Anderegg
wire 5.25
" 5.00
tip 5.00
$15.25
War Services

No. 624
Jan. 6, 1947
Caroline H. Ladd
express on slides
$2.50
Program

In left margin:

Mrs. Anderegg
(xmas paper) 6.30

Mrs. Whitehead
gift $5.00

Anderegg 10.00
Dunellen

Anderegg 20.00
Mr. Louis Watson ??
Rahway 20.00

1947 Check Book

No. 684
Dec. 16, 1947
David Tyler
Greens
Xmas Wreaths
$5.00

1949 Check Book

No. 784
June 21, 1949
Margaret Ladd
N. Y. Flower Show Exhibitor
$7.00

No. 785
June 21, 1949
Marion Loizeaux
N. Y. Flower Show Exhibitor
$7.00

No. 786
June 21, 1949
Susan Tyler
N. Y. Flower Show Exhibitor
2 exhibits
$14.00

Residence of Cornelius Boardman Tyler, 525 West Seventh Street

In this illustrated book, the Courier-News has sought to present some of the representative homes of The Plainfields and adjoining territory, together with such other buildings of interest and importance as would serve to convey an idea of the physical attractioins of one of the most beautiful and healthful cities in the Metropolitan District. The homes reflect the desirability of this community as a place of residence.

The churches, schools, clubs and public buildings pictured serve to give the stranger some conceptions of the beauty of the city and its right to be termed the "Queen City" of New Jersey.

With picturesque Watchung Hills as a background, this section with all its natural advantages, plus a progressive spirit, coupled with high class local governing bodies and a live Chamber of Commerce, is pecularily adapted for home sites and, as a result, it has enjoyed a steady and healthy growth for many years.


publication circa 1917

1920 Muhlenberg Hospital Womens Auxiliary

Mrs. C. B. Tyler
525 West Seventh Street

Mrs. W. S. Tyler
520 West Eighth Street

1925 Meeting Minutes

May 13, 1925 Meeting Minutes

1936 - 1937 Meeting Minutes

1938-1939 Meeting Minutes

525 West 7th Street

1908 Commercial and Financial Chronicle The Plainfield Trust Company

The Plainfield Trust Company

Cornelius B. Tyler, Tyler & Tyler, Attorneys, New York

1954 - 1970 296 Images from Plainfield Library Scrapbook

May 21, 1954

April 7, 1961 Courier News 25 Years Ago, 1936

Members of the Plainfield Garden Club exhibiting in the International Flower Show in New York were: Mrs. Leslie R. Fort, president, Mrs. Richard M. Lawton, Mrs. William S. Tyler, Mrs. Cornelius B. Tyler, Mrs. William K. Dunbar, Miss Dorothea Tingley, Mrs. Walter M. McGee, Mrs. Arthur G. Nelson, P. Marshall, Mrs. Edward H. Ladd Jr., Mrs. Stephen G. Van Hoesen, Mrs. Elliott C. Laidlaw, Mrs. Clinton F. Ivins, Miss Edna Brown, Mrs. Harold Brown, Mrs. Orville G. Waring, Mrs. DeWitt Hubbell, Mrs. Irwin Taylor and Mrs. Harry H. Pond.

November 16, 2013

Celebration of the Life of Barbara Tracy Sandford

Phyllis remembered hearing the store that "the putti" engraved in stone in the Crescent Avenue chapel were of Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler's son John, who was married to PGC member Peggy Tyler.

Tyler, Mrs. Cornelius Boardman (Susan Tilden Whittlesey) '25, President 1944 - 1947

Tyler, Mrs. John (Margaret or "Peggy") '59

Is this the face of John Tyler?

Mrs. Tyler's son John

The chapel at Crescent Avenue Presbyterian Church

There are 8 stone carvings in all

The chapel

1973-1974 PGC Directory

1974-1975 Directory

Plainfield Historical Society Memorabilia From the Archives of Barbara Tracy Sandford

This is a sampling of materials saved by Barbara Sandford in her "Plainfield Historical Society" file.

Plainfield Historical Society Memorabilia

Index (73 pages)

Edith Tyler Noss donates a wedding dress, breeches and coat. The bridal gown dates to 1869. The bride who wore it was Mrs. Noss' grandmother, Eliza Margaret Schroeter. Eliza first married Colonel Mason Whiting Tyler who fought in the Civil War. Eliza's grandfather, Elija Boardman (1760-1823) was a U.S. Senator from 1821 to his death in 1823. His white satin breeches and coat and the wedding gown are stored at the Drake House.

1949-1950 Program

This small brochure was found in the bottom of a box belonging to Barbara Tracy Sandford '50. 12/22/13

1949-1950 Program

Cornus Arboretum

From the 1965 History of the Plainfield Garden Club

Our beautiful dogwood trees stand on what was once the city dump. The story of this evolution of beauty began in 1929 when Mrs. Charles Eaton presented 50 dogwood trees to Cedar Brook Park from her own woods. In 1931, with Mrs. Henry Wells as Chairman, 45 dogwood trees, white and pink, were donated by the Plainfield Garden Club and were planted on one side of the drive entering from Park Avenue. Nine years later, (1940), under the guidance of Mrs. Thomas R. Van Boskerck and Mrs. William Holliday, 110 trees were added to extend the first row and to form another on the opposite side of the road. Since this planting coincided with our own 25th anniversary, a large boulder bearing a bronze marker was placed near the entrance.

In 1946, the Park Commission, a group of progressive and dedicated gentlemen, asked our Club if we would sponsor a Cornus Arboretum, using the Dogwood Drive as a foundation. We accepted – indeed, yes! A committee was formed with Miss Harriette R. Halloway as Secretary and Advisor, whose goal it was to include every Cornus, Specie and Cultivar, which was obtainable and which would thrive in this climate. Through the years, chairmen have included Mrs. R. T. Stevens, Mrs. George His, and Mrs. C. Boardman Tyler. As in our other gardens, the Park Commission has planted, raised seedlings in their nursery and provided maintenance.

Through purchases, gifts and exchanges with other Arboretums, 26 varieties were planted in the next five years. By 1948, there were 219 trees, giving masses of beautiful spring bloom as well as fall display of foliage and berries. Thousands of visitors walked or drove through this fairyland of beauty, surely the better for having seen it.

Today, through the inspired leadership of Miss Halloway, the Cornus Collection contains more than sixty varieties, some quite rare. All the others being horticultural selections of "clones" (cultivars). Experts consider the Cornus Collection to be the outstanding horticultural and civic achievement of our Club. It was highly gratifying in 1957, when officials from the New York Botanical Garden came out to see it.

Prof. Benjamin Blackburn, in a recent article in the American Horticulture Magazine says, 'It does not appear that a comparable collection exists. The Cornus Collection offers an admirable example of cooperation between groups interested in the cultural and horticultural riches of a municipality . . . none other is known to the writer to be existing elsewhere in the country."

To quote Miss Halloway, "each year the trees continue to be beautiful and a joy, if not forever, at least for many years."

Written by Victoria Furman

Monday Afternoon Club Membership

October 17, 2014

October 17, 2014

Sally does it again!

Over our 100 year history, the PGC has submitted TEN local gardens for inclusion in the Smithsonian's Archives of American Gardens. As you know, it has been the Garden Club of America's great initiative to document gardens across the nation and have their photos and plans preserved there. Our own Mary Kent just concluded her two-year term as the National Chairman of that GCA committee titled "Garden History & Design." GCA clubs from across the US have painstakingly documented gardens for the Smithsonian. But as most of us can recall, technology wasn't what it is today so some things became "lost" in the great vaults of the Smithsonian. One of these things were the submitted photographs of 1332 Prospect Avenue in Plainfield.

1332 Prospect Avenue was home to Plainfield Garden Club Founding Member Mrs. Thomas Rowe (Lucy Otterson) Van Boskerck '15. Later, it was home to Honorary Member Bernice Swain. Before it became the current home of Jim McGreevey, it belonged to Chris and Kathleen Onieal. Your Editor was once showed these photographs as they were told "they stay with the house" but again, they had been misplaced.

In comes Sally. Sally is friends with Mrs. Van Boskerck's granddaughter, Caroline Norman, who resides in Seattle. Sally remembers visiting 1332 Prospect Avenue often as a child and tells great stories of playing in the attics. Sally, who is a third generation member of the PGC, inquired once more of her friend Caroline if she could locate these mythical photographs. And today they were found and returned to us – and the six sepia photographs are every bit as beautiful as Your Editor remembered.

In addition, Caroline sent along never-before-seen photographs of her Aunt Ethel Tyler and her house at 520 8th Street. We also received our first photo of Mrs. Noss. And perhaps best of all, we are the recipients of some beautiful photographs of 17 year-old Sally, a dashing young Carter and Sally's beautiful children. ENJOY!!

1332 Prospect Avenue and other photos for the Van Boskerck, Tyler, Clendenin, Noss, Genung, Madsen & Booth Families

May 3, 2013 from Whittlesey Birnie

Your site is outstanding. It has permitted her memory to come alive for me. (Great) Aunt Sue was particularly kind to me both in Pittsfield and Gloucester, Mass., and reading about her here has left a deep impression. Thank you for the wonderful work.

January 1909 The Columbia Republican

A Society Wedding

Granddaughter of Henry Tilden, Late of New Lebanon, the Bride

The marriage of Miss Susan Tilden Whittlesey, of Pittsfield, Mass, a granddaughter of the late Henry Tilden, of New Lebanon, and Cornelius Boardman Tyler, of Plainfield, N.J., took place Tuesday afternoon at the home of the bride.

The bride wore a directoire gown of white satin. It was trimmed with old point lace that was worn by her grandmother, Mrs. Henry Tilden. The gown had a lace yoke with an embroidered bodice, long sleeves and large lace cuffs. A beautiful antique pearl necklace, a gift of the groom, was worn by the bride.

Directoire gowns were also worn by the made of honor and the bridesmaids.

Henry A. Tilden

Henry A. Tilden
Biographical Sketch
New Lebanon,
Columbia County, New York

by Captain Franklin Ellis452

1878

Henry A. Tilden was born April 1, 1821, in the town of New Lebanon, Columbia Co., N. Y., and has spent his days here for the most part, except when absent at school. In 1843 he became in part interested in a business which induced him in 1847 to lay the foundation of the extensive business in which he is now engaged,–the manufacture of chemicals and medicinal preparations for the use of the medical profession,–and which has become one of the largest interests of the kind in the United States. The business embraces a great variety of articles, and hence involves great detail in their handling and management, requiring not only complete order and system, but a knowledge and an assortment marvelous in extent and accuracy, combined with great organizing and executive qualities. For these Mr. Tilden is noted, and his laboratory and shops afford one of the best examples of organization in business to be found anywhere.

In connection with this business Mr. Tilden early organized a printing department, and since 1857 has published the Journal of Materia Medica, a monthly periodical, with a circulation at this time of over twenty thousand copies. He also edited and published a "Book of Formulae" of over four hundred pages, and a supplement to the Journal of Materia Medica of over three hundred pages, which is now in the hands of nearly every physician, and which contains an epitome of the properties of the indigenous materia medica of the United States, and has become a book of reference for physicians. The composition and printing of these books, as well as circulars, catalogues, labels, etc., is carried on in Mr. Tilden's establishment, which is furnished with several power-presses of different sizes.

Mr. Tilden was married in 1844 to Susan Gould, daughter of General Gould, of Rochester, N. Y., and has six children living,–two sons and four daughters. The sons, at this writing, are in business with him at New Lebanon.

The business firm of Tilden & Co., with their usual enterprise, made arrangements to place their goods in a suitable manner before the International Exposition, at Paris, during the present year. A letter dated Paris, June 19, 1878, says,–

"The Exposition is well advanced, although we observe new exhibits in nearly all the sections, especially in our own. There is one of which we cannot resist the temptation of giving a detailed account, namely, that of Messrs. Tilden & Co. The handsome pavilion is in black walnut and gilt, upholstered in blue granite cloth, bordered with red; it is arranged so as to cover the entire exhibit at night, and during the morning interval of sweeping the aisles. Like the majority of the American and English exhibits, the curtains remain closed during Sunday; a fine gilt eagle surmounts the top of the large pavilion inclosed by a railing of maroon, black, bronze, and gilt. The roof is sky-blue. The ceiling is blue satin. With gilt mouldings and rosettes in the corners. The exhibit consists of solid and fluid extracts, sugar-coated pills, elixirs, syrups, chemicals, crude articles, etc., which are in handsome gilt-labeled bottles: both bottles and jars set in alphabetical order on pyramidal counters covered with crimson velvet bordered with gilt. In the centre of the pavilion is a desk, upholstered in a style in keeping with all the surroundings, at which the courteous and popular representative of Messrs. Tilden & Co. presides. This desk is behind a brass railing, highly polished, around which visitors are allowed to walk. We cannot speak too highly of the taste displayed in the choice of colors, the carpet being mottled black and red, in harmony with the velvet on the cases. We learn that Dr. Merkel, at this early date, has rendered professional service to more than fifty of our exhibitors and commissioners, marines and sailors, who were suffering form malaria and other diseases.

"During the late Turko-Russian war, Tilden & Co. shipped large quantities of bromo-chloralum for hospital use, with very favorable results. It must be borne in mind that since the disciples of Mohammed cannot enter heaven with their limbs cut off, they prefer death to amputation; the bromo-chloralum, diluted in water and applied on lint to the wounds, in many cases removed the necessity of the surgeon's knife. Large quantities of their medicines are consumed, not only in the United States, but also in Canada, South America, Cuba, Sandwich Islands, Japan, England, and Australia. The firm contemplate opening a branch house in London next year, in order to supply the foreign market. Tilden & Co.'s exhibit is the largest and finest of its kind in the whole exhibition; highly interesting and instructive to foreigners, to Frenchmen in particular, who had no idea of the importance and rank of our chemists and manufacturers."

Tinctures From the Tildens

From Hidden History of Columbia County, New York

Elam Tilden of New Lebanon watched with great interest how the Shaker herb phenomena and techniques were progressing in his town. In essence, he saw their success and wanted to profit from what they had uncovered. Tilden & Company planted forty of its own acres with medicinal herbs in the valley, and Tilden's work was noted in the American Journal of Pharmacy of 1881.

The Tildens had a long and equally fascinating history in New Lebanon. Elam Tilden was born in Lebanon, Connecticut, in 1781 to John Tilden and Bathsheba Janes. In 1894, Elam Tilden started growing, processing and selling herbal pharmaceuticals in New Lebanon. He established Tilden & Company, recognized as the oldest pharmaceutical company in the United States. For over 120 yard, the agriculture and manufacturing of medicines changed New Lebanon. Elam was considered quite intelligent and clever, as his business expanded quickly with the help of his brother, Henry A. Tilden. The Tildens' developing pharmaceutical company was considered the "preeminent botanical house." Like the Shakeers, the Tildens didn't prescribe cured but sold their herbs directly to physicians and published a booklet of formulas with instructions for using their products. Tilden passed the now world-renowned company to his sons, Moses Y. and Henry A. Tilden, who increased production. After their deaths, the company was incorporated in 1893 with Samuel Tilden president with company offices in New York City and a branch in St. Louis. Samuel Jones Tilden was born in February 1841 to Elam Tulden and Polly Younglove. It was his grandfather John Tilden of Lebanon, Connecticut who named the town of New Lebanon. Samuel went on to become a lawyer, the governor of New York and one-time Democratic presidential candidate, running against Rutherford B. Hayes in 1876. In a close and very famous election, Tilden lost by one electoral vote despite winning the popular vote. He withstood this humiliation and, by many, was considered a rather extraordinary man. A copy of the Phrenological Journal and Life Illustrated described him: "This gentleman has a fine-grained organization one that is very sensitive, susceptible to external and internal influences . . . He appreciates facts intuitively, and is more include to traps truth by direct, instinctive action of the mind, than to go through a plodding course of analysis. He forms his judgment first, and verifies the details afterward." Samuel Tilden is buried in a most handsome Cemetery of the Evergreens in New Lebanon.